Before you can decide how much food to prepare, you need a good idea about how many people will be at the party. Formulate your list and send out invitations about a month before the party date. That leaves plenty of time for responses and menu planning.
The Invitations: Clearly state on the invitation that dinner is part of the evening's events and the kind of dinner it is: barbecue, buffet, sit-down dinner, potluck, progressive, or other type of meal. If your guests know exactly what to expect -- and what to wear -- everyone will be more comfortable. If guests are unclear about the party details, they may help themselves to more appetizers than you expect or make other dinner plans before or after your party.
Based on your guest count, plan to serve a mix of dishes for your appetizer course. Use this list to estimate the number of appetizer selections you need:
Use our Appetizers Quantity Guide, available below, to identify the right mix of appetizers for your party size. It includes both the recommended number of appetizer selections and the appropriate number of servings of each. Then go to the next page for ideas to help you select and serve your party appetizers.
Appetizers come in salty, sweet, light, rich, hot, cold, and any flavor combination you can imagine. Think of appetizers as falling into families of foods. You'll want a well-balanced table that offers suitable elements of each family. The appetizer course, especially if it's designed as a cocktail party to encourage mingling before the meal, should intrigue palates without overwhelming the main course.
Select from these appetizer families:
Garden: raw, cooked, and stuffed vegetables; potatoes; olives; fruits; and berries
Starch: finger sandwiches, canapes, pizza, dumplings, filled phyllo pastry, bruschetta, breadsticks, crackers, biscotti, rolls, and buns
Protein: meat and fish dishes, such as meatballs, riblets, sliced meats, skewered meats, chicken wings, shellfish, fish, sushi, plus egg and cheese selections
Snacks: nuts, chips, pretzels, tortilla chips, popcorn, and other mostly savory finger foods
Dips and Spreads: dips, compound butters, tapenades, pates, guacamole, relishes, and other spreads
Compiled in an easy-to-use chart, our Appetizers Quantity Guide, available below, features the recommended number of appetizers from each family and the appropriate number of servings of each according to your party size. After you've decided which types of appetizers are appropriate for your party, check out the ideas on the next page to explore ideas for planning your party menu.
The cocktail hour is a chance to nibble and talk. When an appetizer spread is the first course at a dinner party, select your finger foods to whet guests' appetites for the coming meal. Fill the assortment with variety, and provide the right quantities to introduce the meal without spoiling the enjoyment of it.
The Menu: When you can estimate a guest count, begin planning your party menu. Traditionally, start with the main course and build the other courses around it. The basics of menu planning apply to the appetizer course as well. Consider these principles:
Using these tips, your party menu will come together with ease. On the next page you'll find ways to manage all the planning, serving, and decorating details for a successful party.
Editor's Tip: When a main course follows an appetizer spread, skip sweets in the first course. Save them for the perfect finish paired with coffee and after-dinner liqueurs. If you'd like, bite-size desserts can be served as a buffet to encourage guests to relax and linger after a big meal.
With your guest list ready and your menu planned, it's time to turn to the details of party planning. Match your desired party style with appropriate decorations, dinnerware, serving items, and seating plans.