Ingredient Substitutions

If you're missing an ingredient while cooking or baking, before you head to the store, check in here first for our comprehensive list of ingredient substitutions. You just might have something else buried in your pantry that makes a great swap. We'll teach you substitutes for yeast, eggs, corn syrup, and more!

It's always best to check your pantry before starting on a recipe, but sometimes you discover you're missing a crucial ingredient that you were sure you had on hand. When that happens, don't panic! There's no need for an emergency trip to the grocery store when chances are you can make a substitution with another ingredient from your kitchen. Check out our tips below for easy substitutes so you never have to make a last-minute run for baking powder again.

Allspice: See our substitute for allspice.

Anise seed: See our substitute for anise seed.

Apple pie spice: See our substitute for apple pie spice.

Baking powder: See our substitute for baking powder.

Basil: See our substitute for basil.

Bay leaf: See our substitute for bay leaf.

Bread crumbs, fine dry: See our substitute for bread crumbs.

Broth, beef or chicken: See our substitute for broth.

Brown sugar: See our substitute for brown sugar.

Butter: See our substitute for butter.

Buttermilk: See our substitute for buttermilk.

Canola oil: See our substitute for canola oil.

Cardamom: See our substitute for cardamom.

Chervil: See our substitute for chervil.

Chili powder: See our substitute for chili powder.

Chives: See our substitute for chives.

Chocolate, semisweet: See our substitute for semisweet chocolate.

Chocolate, sweet baking, such as German's sweet chocolate: See our substitute for sweet baking chocolate.

Chocolate, unsweetened: See our substitute for unsweetened chocolate.

Cilantro: See our substitute for cilantro.

Cinnamon: See our substitute for cinnamon.

Cloves: See our substitute for cloves.

Cornstarch, for thickening: For 1 tablespoon cornstarch, substitute 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour.

Corn syrup: For 1 cup corn syrup, substitute 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water.

Cream cheese: See our substitute for cream cheese.

Cream-base soups: See our substitute for cream-base soups.

Cumin: See our substitute for cumin.

Curry powder: See our substitute for curry powder.

Dill, weed or seed: See our substitute for dill.

Egg: See our substitute for egg.

Espresso powder: For 1 teaspoon espresso powder, substitute 1 teaspoon instant coffee powder or granules, or replace a small portion of the liquid in the recipe with cold strong coffee.

Evaporated milk: For 1 cup evaporated milk, substitute 2-1/4 cups whole milk, simmered until reduced to 1 cup, or 1 cup whole milk.

Fennel: See our substitute for fennel.

Flour, cake: See our substitute for cake flour.

Flour, gluten-free mix: For 1 cup all-purpose flour, substitute 1 cup gluten-free flour mix in cookies, bars, and cakes (avoid using this gluten-free flour mix for yeast breads). To make our gluten-free flour mix, whisk together 3 cups white rice flour, 3 cups potato starch, 2 cups sorghum flour, and 4 teaspoons xanthan gum (makes 8 cups).

Flour, self-rising: See our substitute for self-rising flour.

Fruit liqueur: For 1 tablespoon fruit liqueur, substitute 1 tablespoon fruit juice.

Frosting: See our substitute for frosting.

Garlic: See our substitute for garlic.

Ginger: See our substitute for ginger.

Ground beef: See our substitute for ground beef.

Half-and-half or light cream: See our substitutes for half-and-half and light cream.

Heavy cream, whipped: See our substitute for whipped heavy cream.

Herbs, dried: To substitute ground herbs for dried, halve the amount called for in your recipe (for 1 teaspoon of dried herb, substitute 1/2 teaspoon ground herb).

Herbs, fresh: In general, to substitute dried herbs for fresh, use 1/3 the amount of dried herb for the amount of fresh called for in your recipe (for example, for 1 tablespoon of a fresh herb, use 1 teaspoon of a dried herb). 

Honey: For 1 cup, substitute 1-1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water.

Italian seasoning: See our substitute for Italian seasoning.

Leeks: For 1 cup, substitute 1 cup chopped green onions, 1 cup chopped shallots, or 1 cup chopped sweet onion.

Lemon peel or zest: See our substitute for lemon peel or zest.

Lime peel or zest: See our substitute for lime peel or zest.

Mace: See our substitute for mace.

Margarine: See our substitute for maragarine.

Marjoram: See our substitute for marjoram.

Mascarpone cheese: See our substitute for mascarpone cheese.

Milk: See our substitute for milk.

Mint: See our substitute for mint.

Molasses: For 1 cup molasses, substitute 1 cup honey.

Nutmeg: See our substitute for nutmeg.

Onion, chopped: See our substitute for chopped onion.

Oregano: See our substitute for oregano.

Parsley: See our substitute for parsley.

Pasta: See our substitute for pasta.

Pepper, black: See our substitute for black pepper.

Pepper, white: See our substitute for white pepper.

Poblano pepper: For stuffed peppers, use Anaheim or sweet peppers. For heat, use canned fire-roasted chile peppers or serrano peppers.

Poultry seasoning: See our substitute for poultry seasoning.

Pumpkin: See our substitute for pumpkin.

Pumpkin pie spice: See our substitute for pumpkin pie spice.

Red pepper, crushed: See our substitute for crushed red pepper.

Rice: See our substitute for rice.

Rosemary: See our substitute for rosemary.

Saffron: See our substitute for saffron.

Sage: See our substitute for sage.

Salt: See our substitute for salt.

Savory: See our substitute for savory.

Sour cream: See our substitute for sour cream.

Soy sauce: For 1/2 cup soy sauce, substitute 4 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce mixed with 1 tablespoon water.

Sugar, granulated: See our substitute for granulated sugar.

Sun-dried tomato: For 1/4 cup sun-dried tomato, substitute 1/4 cup chopped raw tomato.

Tarragon: See our substitute for tarragon.

Thai seasoning: See our substitute for Thai seasoning.

Thyme: See our substitute for thyme.

Tomato juice: For 1 cup tomato juice, substitute 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water.

Tomato sauce: For 2 cups tomato sauce, substitute 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water.

Vanilla: See our substitute for vanilla.

Vanilla bean: See our substitute for vanilla bean.

Vegetable oil: See our substitute for vegetable oil.

Vinegar, balsamic: See our substitute for balsamic vinegar.

Vinegar, white: See our substitute for white vinegar.

Wine, red: See our substitute for red wine.

Wine, white: See our substitute for white wine.

Whipping cream: See our substitute for whipping cream.

Yeast: For 1.06-ounce compressed cake, substitute 1/4-ounce envelope active dry yeast.

Yogurt, fruit-flavor: For 1 cup fruit-flavor yogurt, substitute 1 cup plain low-fat yogurt with fresh fruit.

 

Check out our healthy swaps for common recipe ingredients on our healthy substitutions page!

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