Ham is a cut of pork from the hind leg. While most hams at the grocery store are fully cooked, you do have choices when selecting a ham.
Bone-in: At least part of the leg or hip bone is still in place, which adds flavor during cooking. You can purchase a fully cooked whole ham, but the rump half (round, meatier end) or the shank portion (tapered and easier to carve) is plentiful enough for most occasions (a 5- to 6-pound ham makes 16 to 20 servings).
Boneless: All of the bones have been removed. The shape of the fully cooked ham is reformed, and the ham is wrapped or canned to hold the meat together. Some canned hams are formed from pieces of ham held together with a gelatin. Boneless hams are simple to slice.
Spiral-cut: Fully cooked bone-in or boneless ham presliced for easier serving. These often come with a glaze packet.
Water or brine added: Fully cooked ham injected with brine or with water added. The label on the ham will say if the ham has water or brine added.
Dry-cured: Surface of the ham is salted, and the ham is stored to let the salt penetrate it.
Ham steak: A slice from the center of a bone-in ham. This cut is ideal for when you want a smaller portion of ham and for cutting up and using in recipes.
Fresh ham: Unprocessed, uncooked ham. Most hams go through a curing process and are then called cured ham.
Country ham: Uncooked but cured, dried, and smoked, or unsmoked ham, such as the famous Smithfield ham from Virginia.
When purchasing a cooked, cured ham, choose one that is firm and plump with rosy-pink meat. For a bone-in ham, such as a rump half or shank portion, figure about three entree servings per pound. For a boneless ham, plan on four to five servings per pound. Unless the label says otherwise, assume your ham needs to be refrigerated. A boneless, noncanned ham can be refrigerated for up to one week; shank and rump portions can be refrigerated for up to 2 weeks.
Tip: You may want to purchase extra ham so you will have leftovers for sandwiches, egg dishes, soups, salads, and casseroles.
Step 1: Preheating the oven and preparing your ham Preheat the oven to 325°F. You do not need to wash a ham before baking. This versatile meat requires no embellishment; however, scoring a diamond pattern in the skinlike outer layer and brushing on a glaze during baking makes the ham a showy centerpiece and adds flavor. Use a chef's knife to make diagonal cuts about 1 inch apart on the ham. Cut through the surface of the ham so the glaze penetrates the ham. If desired, insert whole cloves into the ham for decoration and flavor. It is easier to poke them in where the cuts intersect (remove the cloves before eating the ham).
Step 2: Baking a ham Place the ham on a rack in a shallow roasting pan. Insert an oven-safe thermometer into the center of the ham. (It should not touch the bone of a bone-in ham.) Bake, uncovered, in the preheated oven until ham registers desired temperature (140°F for cooked ham). Because cooking times vary based on the size and type of ham, use the timings below as a guide.
Untitled Document Cut Weight
Approximate Baking Time (Based on ham directly from refrigerator)
Final Temperature (When to remove from oven) Boneless cooked ham 1 to 3 pounds 3 to 5 pounds 6 to 8 pounds 8 to 10 pounds* 3/4 to 1-1/4 hours 1 to 1-3/4 hours 1-3/4 to 2-1/2 hours 2-1/2 to 2-3/4 hours 140 degrees F 140 degrees F 140 degrees F 140 degrees F Bone-in cooked ham
5 to 8 pounds 14 to 16 pounds*
1-1/2 to 2-1/4 hours 2-3/4 to 3-3/4 hours
140 degrees F 140 degrees F
Bone-in ham (cook before eating)
3 to 5 pounds 7 to 8 pounds 14 to 16 pounds*
1-3/4 to 3 hours 2-1/2 to 3-1/4 hours 4 to 5-1/4 hours
150 degrees F (160 degrees F after standing) 150 degrees F (160 degrees F after standing) 150 degrees F (160 degrees F after standing) *Hams weighing more than 8 pounds should be loosely covered with foil halfway through roasting.
Step 3: Glazed ham If using a glaze, the best time to add it to the ham is during the last 20 minutes of baking time. If you glaze the ham sooner, the sugar in the glaze may cause it to burn. Pull the oven rack out, and use a basting brush or spoon to cover the ham with glaze. Continue baking. Reserve any remaining glaze to serve with the ham.
Don't be intimidated. Cooking ham for the holidays is easier than you think! If you're looking for a recipe to try, this basic holiday ham is a great place to start. This recipe teaches you how to glaze a ham and includes three different mouthwatering glazes to choose from.
Step One: Preheat oven to 325 degrees F. Score ham by making shallow diagonal cuts in a diamond pattern at 1-inch intervals. Place ham on a rack in a shallow roasting pan. Insert an oven-going thermometer into center of ham. (Thermometer should not touch the bone.) Cover with foil.
Step Two: Bake for 1-1/4 hours. Uncover; bake for 20 to 60 minutes more or until thermometer registers 140 degrees F. Meanwhile, prepare desired glaze. Brush ham with some of the glaze during the last 20 minutes of baking. Serve with remaining glaze.
Place the ham on its side. With a carving knife, slice off a piece of ham from the bottom. Roll the ham back so it sits flat. Cut slices down to the bone, and cut along the bone to release the slices.
Cook a ham all day, unattended, in a slow cooker. For a 5-1/2- to 6-quart slow cooker, choose a boneless ham that is 5 to 5-1/2 pounds, brush it with a glaze, and cook it, covered, for 8 to 9 hours on low-heat setting.
Insert a meat thermometer into the thickest part of a cooked ham shank. For a charcoal grill, cook indirectly by arranging medium coals around a drip pan. Test for medium-low heat above the pan. Place the ham on the grill rack over the pan, cover, and grill until ham reaches 135 degrees F, brushing ham with desired glaze once or twice during the last 20 minutes of cooking. Cover with foil and let stand for 15 minutes before carving (the temperature will rise 5 degrees F during this time).
Lightly coat a heavy skillet with nonstick cooking spray or use a nonstick skillet. Preheat over medium-high heat until very hot. Add a ham steak, cut 1/2 inch thick, and reduce heat to medium. Cook, uncovered, for 9 to 11 minutes or until heated through (140 degrees F). Ham steaks are ideal for grilling and broiling as well.
Make sure your next special occasion ham gets cooked without a hitch by taking a peek at a few of our tips for glazing and baking a ham. Plus, we have tender glazed ham, smoked ham, and honey baked ham recipes for you to try!