Bright lemon juice and aromatic garlic beautifully complement antioxidant-rich eggplant and sweet peppers in this delectable spread. When buying peppers, choose that are firm, heavy for their size, and have shiny, vibrantly-colored skin. Store in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for up to a week.
Preheat oven to 475 degrees F. Place eggplant and peppers in a 15x10x1-inch baking pan; roast about 30 minutes, until skins blister and turn black and vegetables fully collapse. Place roasted vegetables in a paper bag. Close bag to steam for 10 minutes.
Peel off and discard blackened skins along with stems and seeds from peppers. Coarsely chop peppers. Place eggplant and peppers in a food processor; cover and process with on/off turns until coarsely chopped. Or, for a chunky version, in a large bowl, mash eggplant and peppers with a potato masher or back of a large spoon. With a mortar and pestle, smash garlic with lemon juice, salt, and pepper. Add to eggplant mixture. Drizzle in olive oil, stirring constantly.
Transfer spread to a serving dish; sprinkle with chopped parsley. Refrigerate, covered, for 3 to 5 days. Serve at room temperature as an appetizer with flat pita bread and chunks of feta cheese. Or use as a side dish to accompany grilled or roasted meats.