Which diet strategies will keep your chowhound happy and healthy? We rounded up some top veterinary experts to answer your questions.
A. Small things can actually make a big difference—for example, eating only once a day can cause excess stomach acid and vomiting in some dogs. Eating twice a day, morning and early evening, is best for medium and large dogs like beagles and Labrador retrievers; if you feed them more often they may develop a weight problem. Smaller dogs like poodles and Yorkies tend to metabolize food faster, so you may need to give them three meals a day, says Gary Ryder, DVM, of Southwest Michigan Animal Emergency Hospital in Kalamazoo. Put out a bowl of water with each meal as well, and keep it filled so he stays hydrated. Filtered water is great, but tap is fine.
A. No. Both provide the right nutrients, so you can base your decision on what your dog likes best—and on what's more convenient. "The vast majority of pet owners prefer dry food," says Ann Hohenhaus, DVM, a senior medical adviser at the Animal Medical Center in New York City. "It's easy to store and serve, and it's cheaper, too." Dr. Hohenhaus sometimes recommends switching a sick dog to wet food if he has a sore mouth, needs extra hydration, or if wet food encourages him to eat.
A. Probably not, but it does mean you need to brush her teeth, says Rebecca Remillard, DVM, a nutritionist at the Angell Animal Medical Center in Boston. Use a toothbrush and toothpaste designed specifically for dogs and aim to brush every day. Your dog's breath is never going to smell minty fresh, but if the odor suddenly gets very bad it may be a red flag that she's sick and needs to see the vet.
A. Yes, but it's hard to ensure that homemade food contains all the right nutrients. Dogs need a healthy balance of protein, carbohydrates, and fat as well as a variety of vitamins and minerals, so it's smart to talk to your vet first. And don't give your dog raw meat, one of the many recent doggie diet trends, says Dr. Hohenhaus. While some pet owners like the idea of feeding their dogs the kind of diet they would have eaten in the wild, the digestive systems of domesticated dogs are not equipped to handle raw meat, she explains. They can become sick from salmonella or parasites, the two biggest threats, or from other pathogens such as E. coli.
A. "You definitely shouldn't get in the habit of feeding your dog table scraps," says Dr. Ryder. Not only will it throw off the nutritional balance of his diet, but there are many seemingly innocuous "people foods" that are dangerous for dogs. For example, grapes and raisins can lead to kidney failure, chocolate may cause seizures, avocados can cause vomiting and diarrhea, and the sweetener Xylitol may harm your dog's liver.
A. Dogs can develop allergies to ingredients like beef, chicken, wheat, and soy. The most common sign is itching: Your dog will compulsively lick or scratch her front feet, groin, or ears, and the skin will be very red and irritated. She may also vomit or have diarrhea. If she regularly has some or all of these symptoms, call the vet, who can help you figure out whether an allergy is to blame.
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Peanut Butter Snaps