Temperament: The Cavalier King Charles spaniel has an affectionate and gentle personality. Because of its friendliness, the Cavalier loves being part of a family and is a perfect companion for children.
Training: The Cavalier is soft-tempered and easy to train. Training should begin as a puppy to control any negative behaviors, including barking and destructive chewing.
Care and grooming: Cavaliers have long, silky coats that need to be brushed several times a week with a comb and soft slicker brush. Regular brushing will help control excessive shedding and keep your Cavalier's coat free of mats. Their nails require regular trimming or grinding to prevent overgrowth, splitting, and cracking. Cavaliers have long ears that can become infected, so be sure to regularly check their ears and remove any wax or debris buildup. Teeth should be regularly brushed with a dog-specific toothpaste. As far as exercise, Cavaliers adjust to their owner's personality; they are just as happy cuddling on the couch as they are taking a long walk. That being said, be sure to take your Cavalier on at least one long walk per day.
Health: The Cavalier has a lifespan well into its teens. However, Cavaliers are susceptible to a number of health issues, including juvenile cataracts and dry eye. Any clouding of your Cavalier's eye lens or irritation may warrant medication and treatment. Cavaliers are also subject to a genetic condition called cardiac mitral valve disease; your vet should listen for any heart murmurs during appointments. An occasional problem for Cavaliers is a slipping patella, but this issue is correctable with surgery. These issues can be minimized by working with a responsible breeder who knows the specific health concerns and diseases within the breed. Also, be sure to note any sudden changes in your Cavalier's appearance or demeanor and notify your vet of any concerns.
Food: Good nutrition, including proper food, is very important throughout a Cavalier's life. As far as size, the Cavalier should be 12 to 13 inches in height and weigh between 13 and 18 pounds. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas, depending on the size of your dog. The Cavalier is a small breed dog, so consider working with your veterinarian to determine the best diet to ensure your pet remains healthy.
Share your love for Cavaliers with these adorable gift ideas. We've got picks for everything from puppy pajamas to jewelry.