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Before measuring the window, decide if you want inside- or outside-mounted curtains.
Width Outside mounted curtain rods usually extend 3-6 inches past the window frame and 6-12 inches above, unless your home has molding at that height, in which case you can place the rod below the trim. Inside mounts are the same width as the window. Measure the width of your window at the top, middle and bottom, then multiply the smallest number by 2-2½ for standard fullness or by 3 for an even fuller look.
Length Decide how long you want your curtains to be, and then measure from top to bottom the area you want to cover. For an above-sill length, measure about 1 cm above the window sill. A below-sill length should be approximately 15 cm below the window sill. For floor length, measure 1 cm above the floor to avoid pooling at the bottom.
"How wide should curtains be for each window?"
To achieve a look of fullness, homeowners usually choose a width that is 2-2½ times the width of the window. Some homeowners choose a width that is 3 times the width of the window for an even fuller look.
If you are hanging curtains to frame the window and don’t plan on closing them, you can round down to a width that is 1½ times the width of the window.
"What are the main styles of window curtains?"
The most common curtain types are:
Grommet/Eyelet– An informal design choice, very popular.
Pleated– Among the most common drapery styles, pleated drapes come in various configurations including:
Box – Pleats are spare, flat and long, offering a contemporary look.
Goblet – The shape of the pleat at the top mimics a wine goblet. Best suited to formal rooms with high ceilings.
Pencil – A popular pleating style with many tightly-formed pleats.
Ripple Fold – A relatively new, simple and elegant style that glides along custom tracks.
Rod Pocket– The curtain rod slides into the "pocket" channel of the curtains, with pleated materials above the pocket. Another popular choice among homeowners.
Sheer Curtains – Sheer materials provide an elegant appearance, but with minimal privacy.
Tab Top – Curtain rods slide through the looped tabs at the top of the curtains. A relatively informal style.
Valances and Pelmets – A horizontal display of decorative material at the top of a window, designed to hide curtain hardware. Pelmets are stiff valences, usually made from wood, and covered with fabric material.
Window Scarf – Less than full curtains, window scarves are decorative window dressings that hang in front or on the sides of windows.
"Who installs custom window curtains?"
Custom window curtains can be installed by: manufacturers directly or via their local reps, a curtain installation professional, a trusted handyman, or, the homeowner.
Mostly, it depends on who makes the curtains. Some companies come and install the curtains themselves. Others, especially very local curtain makers and high-end dry cleaners, do not handle installation, so it's up to the homeowner to find an installer.
"Who makes custom window curtains?"
Homeowners have multiple options for custom curtain creation:
Specialty Drapery Makerswith an online presence.
Blind, Shade and Curtain Companies, most of which have an online presence plus some retail stores.
Large Home Furnishing & Décor Retailers, which may have an online-only presence, or online plus retail presence.
Local Curtain Makers, who can be found through fabric stores, or by searching online.
Higher-End Dry Cleanerswith one or more sewing pros on staff. With this option, the homeowner buys fabric and the local shop make it into curtains. This can be a great low-cost option for those needing custom sizes.