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Plumbing consists of the pipes, appliances, and other fixtures that carry hot and cold water into a house and drain sewage and wastewater into a public sewer. Indoor plumbing connects to appliances such as toilets, sinks, bathtubs, laundry tubs, and showers.
Water is transported into your house through the hot and cold water main lines, which are usually located in the basement or in a crawl space. The water main lines are attached to a water meter (a device that measures the amount of water that’s used in a house) and a hot water tank on one side, and the fixture supply risers (which provide water to an appliance, such as a sink), on the other side.
Water is removed from your house through the drainage system, which collects waste and transports it to the sewer.
"What are the most common jobs a plumber does?"
Plumbers install and repair piping and other parts of a plumbing system in houses and buildings. Some of the most common jobs for plumbers include:
One of the best ways to find a plumber is by asking friends, family members, and neighbors for a referral. They may have worked with an independent plumber or a plumbing business in the past and been pleased with the results. Or, you can go to websites such as Angie’s List to read reviews from customers or search for licensed master plumbers using your city or state’s municipal website.
Once you’ve narrowed down your results, it’s a good idea to call a few companies and individuals to ask for a price quote. Before you hire a plumber, ask for proof that they are licensed and have insurance, which will protect you from liability in the case of an accident.
If you have more questions, consult legal help before permitting a plumber to perform work on your property.
"What’s the average hourly rate of a plumber?"
The average hourly rate of a plumber can range from $45 to $200 depending on the service, location, and time that the work is done, according to HomeAdvisor. Master plumbers can charge $25 to $75 more per hour than apprentice plumbers and journeymen, whose work they oversee.
Weekend, holiday, and after-hours’ repairs can cost more than work performed during regular business hours — sometimes time-and-a-half, double, or triple their normal hourly rate, depending the job and time.
Some plumbers also charge flat fees for simple repairs, like unclogging a drain. According to HomeAdvisor, these rates can range from $100 to $400.
"How do I find a 24-hour plumber?"
Many plumbers work nights and weekends, and often respond to emergency plumbing issues — such as, for example, a pipe that burst in the middle of the night.
Independent plumbers and plumbing businesses — some national 24-hour plumbing companies include Roto-Rooter and ARS Rescue Rooter — generally list their working hours on their website (or on their telephone’s voicemail system) and specify whether they are available for 24-hour repair services.
While paying a plumber for an off-hour repair can be expensive, it could save you money in the long-run. If left unrepaired, a leak or other plumbing problem could cause extensive water damage, which could then cause mold, damaged floorboards, and other costly issues.