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A sump pump is an electrical pump that’s usually located in the basement (the area in a home that’s particularly prone to flooding). The pump collects the water that’s accumulating in the room and redirects it into a pit — i.e., the “sump.” This water is then funneled away from the house via a discharge pipe.
There are two types of sump pumps: submersible pumps and pedestal pumps. A submersible sump pump is located at the bottom of the sump, where it can be submerged in water, whereas a pedestal pump is a shaft that rests above the sump.
"My basement has water in it, how do I know if I need a sump pump?"
If water is accumulating in your basement, or your basement is prone to flooding, you likely need a sump pump. (Water damage from flooding can ruin the floors and walls, with repair costs running into the thousands of dollars.)
If there are damp spots in your basement, but no water accumulation, you might have condensation, which may be able to be fixed with a dehumidifier or by turning up the heat in the room. Consult a professional or licensed plumber, who can help you determine the best fix for the problem.
"How much does it cost to install a sump pump?"
It costs between $640 and $1,937 to install a sump pump, according to HomeAdvisor.com. Submersible sump pumps tend to be more expensive than pedestal units, since they take longer to install and may require a professional to dig through the floor.
"Is my sump pump working properly?"
If you notice that water is accumulating in your basement, then your sump pump may not be working properly.
If your sump pump isn’t pumping water, won’t turn on, is particularly noisy (keep in mind that pedestal sump pumps tend to be louder than submersibles), or smells bad, it may also need to be replaced, according to HomeAdvisor.com.
"Do sump pumps require maintenance?"
It’s a good idea to schedule a yearly maintenance appointment for your sump pump with a licensed professional such as a plumber. He or she can inspect the pump to see whether it’s working properly, as well as clean or repair any necessary parts.
The average lifespan of a sump pump can vary, but in general, a unit can last for about 10 to 20 years. Yearly maintenance sessions can help extend its lifespan.