Gas kitchen stoves differ from electric kitchen stoves in key ways. Use this list of the ins and outs of gas kitchen stoves as you begin looking at models and amenities.
Definition of a gas kitchen stove
Stoves are powered by electricity or gas, which generates heat. If you aren't sure what you're looking at, take a close view at the burners: Gas stoves typically have open flames.
Fuel options for kitchen stoves
If you like stove tops with flames but prefer electricity when baking and roasting in the oven, you're in luck: Dual-fuel kitchen stoves supply both energy sources, combining a gas stove top with an electric oven. However, these are often more expensive than all-gas kitchen stoves.
Advantages of gas kitchen stoves
Many homeowners prefer gas kitchen stoves because they can see the size of the flame and change it immediately, giving them more precise control to vary temperature levels. However, gas kitchen stoves typically cost more to install if you do not have an existing gas hookup. They also may be less energy efficient than electric kitchen stoves.
Power of the burners on gas kitchen stoves
The power generated by the burners of gas kitchen stoves is measured in Btus, or British thermal units. Smaller burners on gas kitchen stoves generally have about 5,000 Btus; medium-powered burners have around 9,000 Btus; and large burners generate 15,000 Btus.
Burner options on gas kitchen stoves
Burners on gas kitchen stoves are either sealed or open. While the pans sit farther from the flame on open burners, these tend to reach their maximum heat output more quickly. Sealed burners keep pans close to the flame and may be easier to clean. These capped metal disks resemble mushrooms, and prevent spills from clogging the tiny flame holes. They also spread the heat across the bottom of the pan, not just in the middle, which may help to reduce scorching.
Cooking methods in the ovens of gas kitchen stoves
All the traditional baking, roasting, and broiling methods available on electric ovens are also available on gas kitchen stoves. For many ovens, that includes convection heat, which uses a fan to circulate the oven air. Many avid bakers like this method because it bakes more evenly and reduces the time required.