You need to build a wall (and sometimes two) to install a new shower. Here's everything you need to know about building a shower enclosure, including how to install the base, frame walls, and add tile.
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glass walk-in shower in bathroom
Michael Partenio Productions

A new shower can transform the look of your bathroom. It can offer more room and more privacy, helping you turn a basic bath into a relaxing retreat. However, adding a new shower can also be a lot of work. After all, a new corner shower stall requires building one wall, while one placed in the middle of a wall calls for two new walls. Plus, if the walls do not go to the ceiling, the top ledge must be covered with tile or another moisture-resistant surface. The shower's opening can be closed off with a door or a curtain rod.

A one-piece unit is the simplest shower to install, though you may have a limited choice of colors. Buy a base that's at least 34 inches wide, checking whether it must be set in thin-set mortar or in a bed of sand or if it can simply be placed on the floor. Before you begin, prep the space by installing a drainpipe with a trap in the center of the base, as well as supply pipes, faucet, and a shower riser. The flange should be level with the floor. Run the supply pipes after the framing is installed. Also, make sure you're comfortable working with plastic and copper pipe, framing a wall, and installing tile. Follow these step-by-step instructions on how to build a shower enclosure.

  • Working time 8 hrs
  • Start to finish 3 days
  • Difficulty Hard
  • Involves Carpentry Skills, Plumbing Skills, Drilling, Tiling

What you need


How to do it

Part 1

installing drain extension
Step 1

Install Drain Extension

Set the shower base over the drain to make sure the drain is directly below the opening of the base. Remove the base and cut and cement an extension to the drainpipe. The extension should be flush with the floor.

leveling shower floor
Step 2

Level the Floor

Place a layer or two of roofing felt to smooth any unevenness in the floor. (Some manufacturers require a bed of mortar or sand.) Set the shower base over the drain to confirm that the drain is positioned correctly. Check for level; shim with additional roofing felt as needed.

fit rubber flange shower drain
Step 3

Fit Rubber Flange

Using liquid soap as a lubricant, fit the rubber flange (provided with the shower base) over the drain extension and push it as far down as you can. Tap it all the way in place with a 1/4-inch steel rod. Install the drain strainer.

Editor's Tip: If the base uses a PVC flange, cement the drain flange to the drainpipe; the flange should be flush with the floor. Set the gaskets on top of the flange. Place the shower base over the drain hole. Check that the gaskets are still in place. Screw the drain body through the hole in the base and into the flange. Attach the strainer.

build shower side walls
Step 4

Build Wall Sides

With the shower base in place, build 2x4 walls for the sides. Remember that the studs will be covered with 1/2-inch-thick cement board, plus the tiles (usually about 3/8 inch thick). No studs should be farther apart than 16 inches. On the plumbing wall, space the studs so you can position the shower faucet; a pair of studs spaced about a foot apart will accommodate most faucets. Install horizontal braces to support both the faucet and the showerhead arm. Some bases may require a ledger. Install the supply pipes and faucet.

installing shower backerboard
Step 5

Install Backerboard

Cut pieces of cement backerboard to fit. Cover all wood surfaces with the backerboard. Attach to the studs with backerboard screws. Check that the wall surface is smooth and even because the tiles will follow any contours. Before tiling, caulk the gap at the bottom. The bottom of a wall, where the tiles meet the shower base, must be installed correctly, or water will seep behind the tiles and damage the studs. Install the backerboard all the way to the top of the base's flange and fill the gap below with caulk. Apply tiles and a bead of caulk.

tiling shower wall
Step 6

Tile the Shower Wall

Cover the backerboard with ceramic tile or with a prefab tub surround kit. Before you start, consult guidelines on selecting, laying out, and cutting tile. In general, tiling should be planned to minimize small pieces. Wherever a tile edge will be exposed, install a bullnose piece, which has one finished edge. Use a notched trowel to apply thin-set mortar or organic tile adhesive and set the tiles. Use a tile-cutting hole saw for the faucet and showerhead stub outs. Once all the tiles are applied, allow the adhesive to set overnight.

grout and caulk shower tiles
Step 7

Grout and Caulk Shower Tiles

Mix a batch of latex-reinforced grout and use a grout float to push the grout into the joints and scrape away most of the excess. Wipe several times with a damp sponge, working to create consistent grout lines. Allow to dry, and buff with a dry towel. Caulk all the inside corners.

installing shower door
Step 8

Install Shower Door

Measure the shower's opening and select a door with a frame you can adjust to fit your unit. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for installation. In general, you'll begin by cutting the jamb piece to size and installing a bottom track and seal. Each jamb is made of two interlocking pieces with one that attaches to the stall with screws and anchors. When both jambs are installed, decide which way the door should swing and install the hinged insert with the clamps provided. Slide the door in place, cap, and add the door handle. Install the other jamb insert and adjust.

Editor's Tip
Understanding One-Piece Shower Units

Corner and rectangular shower stalls—made of acrylic fiberglass or polystyrene—are much easier to install than a custom-made enclosure. One-piece units are designed for new construction only because they are too large to fit through a door. Three-piece units are quickly assembled and are ideal for remodeling.

The walls of these units must be installed against solid walls. A corner unit can simply be installed in any corner that is reasonably square. A rectangular or square unit requires an opening of the correct width and height.

    Comments (2)

    How difficult was this project?
    Better Homes & Gardens Member
    April 10, 2020
    Difficulty: Very Hard
    It's a very intimidating project for a single woman, even if she has the most coraugeous and daring personally. I wouldn't even try it!
    Better Homes & Gardens Member
    April 10, 2020
    Difficulty: Very Hard
    It's a very intimidating project for a single woman, even if she has the most coraugeous and daring personally. I wouldn't even try it!

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