Baseboard moldings—one of the room's last finishing trims to be applied—are meant to fill gaps between wallboard and floors, protect walls against vacuum dings and furniture scrapes, and form a pleasingly cohesive perimeter. Baseboards meet up with door casings and anchor architectural wall treatments such as paneled wainscoting.
Added after the walls are painted, the floors are laid, and the cabinets are installed, baseboard moldings play an important role in how a room looks and feels. Thoughtfully chosen baseboard moldings—whether selected as part of a remodeling project or a newly constructed home—go a long way toward establishing and underscoring design styles that range from streamlined modern and ornately old-world to substantially traditional.
Happily, installing baseboard molding is a job that can be easily tackled by anyone who is comfortable wielding power tools, is able to make a few specialized saw cuts, and has a knack for accurate measurements. If you think you're not up to the task, ask your friends or local building associations to recommend a reliable contractor who can be trusted to install the baseboards in a timely and professional manner. If you decide to go the contractor route, obtain multiple bids for comparison's sake. Ask for references, and check in with the contractor's previous clients.
Choose a baseboard style that complements your home's architecture, suits your design aesthetic, and works with your home's existing millwork. Baseboard trims sport a variety of profiles—plainly rounded ranch-style base molding, Colonial-type trim with a decorative edge, fluted casings, and flat-plank moldings measuring 4-6 inches in height—that ensure there's a molding shape and size for every style.
Inventive configurations and creative baseboard ideas—such as stacking ready-made moldings, expanding a baseboard's presence with cap and shoe moldings, or opting for custom-crafted millwork—create nearly endless possibilities for finishing off the bottom of your walls.
Most home centers sell moldings in a variety of materials and lengths that commonly range from 8 to 12 feet. Architectural molding is a durable, easy-to-handle, lightweight trim crafted of polystyrene or polyurethane that is generally sold in 8-foot lengths. Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) is a lightweight engineered-wood product that comes preprimed, so it's ready for painting. You'll also find baseboard moldings crafted of oak, pine, and hardwood in unfinished, preprimed, stained, and painted finishes.
Plinth blocks, corner blocks, and other specialty trim pieces are available in all materials—these pieces fit into inside corners or around outside corners to accommodate straight lengths of molding, which means you won't have to miter or cope edges. These specialty blocks also let you join trims of different widths and profiles and adapt baseboards to fit around floors that step up or down.
Once you've purchased baseboard moldings, let the materials sit inside your home for a week before finishing and installing the trim. This will give the material time to adjust to temperatures and conditions inside the house.
You'll save time and protect your knees if you completely finish baseboard trim pieces before installing it on the walls. Protect your workplace floor with drop cloths, move in a pair of sawhorses, and set your trim pieces in place so you can stain, prime, and/or paint them all at one time. Once the paint has dried, it's time to install the molding. Here's a look at how to do just that!
Prep room for trim installation. Move any excess furniture, cords, curtains, etc. that are near the walls. Then determine the number and length of pieces of baseboard, cap, and shoe molding you will need to complete the job. Measure the sections of straight wall to be trimmed. Write down the length of each wall; divide that measurement by the length of the baseboard material you will be using (see types of baseboards above); and then multiply that number by 1.1 to figure the total footage you will need plus 10 percent extra for joints and scraps left over from making cuts. If you're layering on shoe and cap moldings, repeat the measurements for each type of trim.
Use a circular or miter saw to cut boards to proper length, allowing extra inches for miter cuts on baseboard pieces that meet at outside corners. Use a miter saw to cut 45-degree angles in trim pieces that will have mitered joints; use a coping saw to create coped joints for inside corners. For straight stretches of wall, cut a baseboard piece to reach from corner to corner. For runs longer than 5 feet, cut the pieces about 1/16 inch longer than the measurement.
Lay out cut baseboards—make sure baseboards that meet at outside corners are long enough to allow for miter cuts. Remove and mark each board's location on its backside; mark a corresponding number on the wall. Use a stud finder to find wall studs, and mark their position with a pencil.
Start installation at a convenient location, working from inside corner to outer corner. Use a nail gun to drive nails. Or, hammer two finishing nails through the board at each stud, near the top and bottom of the baseboard. Place nails at a slight downward angle. Use a nail set to drive the heads below the wood surface. The molding will bow slightly but will press tightly into position when nailed in place.
If needed, splice pieces. When walls are longer than the length of your molding pieces, you will need to splice two pieces together using a scarf joint. Cut 45-degree angles on the ends of adjoining pieces, which will overlap one another. Plan the joint so it's on a stud for secure nailing. Predrill nail holes before driving nails into the joint to avoid splitting the wood. With a little glue and some judicious sanding, a tight-fitting scarf joint will be barely visible.
Drive 8d finishing nails through the trim and into walls studs and along the bottom plate. Use as many nails as needed to close gaps between the molding and the wall. Use a nail set to finish driving nails—this will prevent denting the trim's surface. Cope the end of the next piece of molding, leaving its other end long for now. After coping the end of the second piece, measure and cut it to length. Again, add about 1/16 inch to the length for a tight fit. If the piece runs into a door casing, use a notched piece of plywood to help mark it for length.
To miter outside corners, fit the coped end of the molding first, and then mark the miter location with the piece in place. Keep in mind that corners are rarely perfectly square. You may need to adjust miter angles slightly for a good fit. Make test cuts in scrap pieces.
If the joint is open at the front, a stroke or two with a block plane at the back of the joint tightens the fit. Another way to change a miter angle slightly is to place a playing card between the miter sawfence and molding.
To complete the look, add shoe molding. Place shoe molding across lower edge of baseboard. Nail or glue the pieces in place. Cope inside joints and miter outside joints, gluing as needed to secure. Use scarf joints to splice trim pieces on long walls.
For a more traditional look, add cap molding to the top of the baseboards. Set cap molding atop baseboard trim, placing it flush against the wall. Use the same technique to install the cap molding as you would with the shoe molding.
Go back over your work. Use sandpaper to knock off sharp edges and extra adhesive. Putty and touch up nail holes with paint or stain. Add another coat of paint or stain if needed.
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