Home Improvement Ideas Home Exteriors Roofs Expert Tips for Roofing Over Existing Shingles Roof in disrepair? Avoid a costly replacement by shingling over old shingles. By Caitlin Sole Caitlin Sole Instagram Caitlin Sole is the senior home editor at BHG. She is a writer and editor with nearly a decade of interior design expertise. She has vast experience with digital media, including SEO, photo shoot production, video production, eCommerce content, print collaboration, and custom sales content. Learn about BHG's Editorial Process Updated on August 3, 2022 Fact checked by Marcus Reeves Fact checked by Marcus Reeves Marcus Reeves is an experienced writer, publisher, and fact-checker. He began his writing career reporting for The Source magazine. His writing has appeared in The New York Times, Playboy, The Washington Post, and Rolling Stone, among other publications. His book Somebody Scream: Rap Music's Rise to Prominence in the Aftershock of Black Power was nominated for a Zora Neale Hurston Award. He is an adjunct instructor at New York University, where he teaches writing and communications. Marcus received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Learn about BHG's Fact Checking Process Share Tweet Pin Email Photo: Anthony Masterson Photography Project Overview Working Time: 1 day Total Time: 1 day Skill Level: Advanced If conditions are right, new shingles laid over old ones can be just as attractive and durable as shingles laid on bare sheathing. Installation is easier than for a tear-off job, since you can use the existing shingles as guides for laying the new ones. However, you must take care to install shingles correctly so they lie flat. And a good job involves installing new flashings rather than relying on the existing ones. Reroofing jobs are sometimes done without replacing flashings. However, installing new flashings, including special drip-edge flashings made for reroofing, will ensure a tight seal and a long life. Some roofers install a layer of waterproof shingle underlayment (WSU) over the existing shingles at the eave end, as would be done for a roof laid on bare sheathing. This provides added protection against ice dams. Asphalt shingles can be laid over cedar shakes or shingles, but this is a roofing project best left to the pros. Beveled wood pieces called "horsefeathers" must be laid along the thick edges of the shakes to make a fairly flat surface. Before you reshingle a roof, read our step-by-step guide for adding new shingles over old ones. What You'll Need Equipment / Tools 1 Power nailer or roofing hatchet 1 Tape measure 1 Roofing shovel or flat pry bar 1 Hammer 1 Drill 1 Carpenter's square 1 Straight-cut tin snips 1 Utility knife 1 Chalkline 1 Broom Materials 1 Roof cement 1 Flashing 1 Nails for flashing 1 WSU sheet 1 Shingles 1 Nails long enough to penetrate sheathing Instructions Remove Caps Dave Toht Start by removing the ridge caps. Doing it now will make it easier to keep the reroofing job clean. Use a flat pry bar or roofing shovel to pry out and remove the ridge shingles. Remove all the nails. Remove Obstructions Dave Toht Remove air vents and pipe flashings by prying out or unscrewing the fasteners holding the fixtures. If you damage shingles while doing this, repair them (see next step). Reuse a vent or flashing only if it is like new; otherwise, replace it with a new one that will fit the hole or pipe. Repair Broken Shingles Dave Toht If a shingle is torn or cracked, glue the broken piece back in place using roofing cement. If the broken piece is lost, cut a new piece to fit the existing shingle. The goal is to provide a reasonably flat surface for the new shingles to lie over, with no gaps greater than 1/2 inch. Sweep the Roof Dave Toht Using a large broom, brush away all the broken shingle pieces, twigs, and any other debris that could become trapped under the new shingles that you'll install. Keep the roof clean as you work. Install Flashing Dave Toht At the eave and the rake, install U-shaped drip-edge flashing made for reroofing jobs. Install the eave piece first, then the rake piece over it. The two pieces should meet neatly at the corners. Drive nails at high points on the underlying roof, the bottoms of the shingles. Install Valley Flashing Dave Toht If you have an open valley, install new W-shape metal or vinyl valley flashing to fit directly over the old flashing. Attach it by driving nails into the outside edges only. Do not drive nails less than 6 inches from the center of the flashing. Install Starter Strip Dave Toht Use a starter strip or cut pieces for a starter course. Rip-cut the starter strip or starter pieces so that they butt up against the second course of existing shingles and are even with the front edge of the existing roofing. Attach with nails along the top edge of the strip.Editor's tip: If the existing roof has wavy horizontal lines, you can take out the waves by snapping a horizontal line a 1/2 inch below the shingle bottoms of one course. Install a course along the snapped line, then install succeeding courses using a guide or a snapped line. Cut and Install Shingles Dave Toht Rip-cut the shingles for the first course so they butt up against the third course of existing shingles and are even with the front edge of the starter course. Their tab slots should not line up with the tab slots of the starter course, if there are any. Nail the shingles just above the tab slots.Editor's Tip: The thicker the new shingle, the better it will hide any imperfections in the roofing underneath. It's a good idea to use at least 40-year shingles; architectural shingles are an even better choice. Continue Installing Shingles Dave Toht Butt the succeeding courses of shingles against the bottoms of existing shingles and apply them by driving nails above the tab slots. Snap vertical control lines; there is no need to snap horizontal lines. Be sure the new tab slots do not align with the old ones. Editor's tip: In a reroof job, the starter course (or strip) is rip-cut so it butts up against the third course of the existing shingles. Its front edge is even with the front edge of the drip edge. The rest of the shingles are full width. Work Around Vent Dave Toht Once you've installed shingles just past a plumbing vent, install the flashing piece so it will lie on top of roofing at its bottom, but be covered with roofing at its top. Depending on the width of the pipe, you may need to tear away a segment or two of the rubber boot. Apply roofing cement, slide the flashing over the pipe, and push so it lies flat on the roof. Install Air Vents Dave Toht Install air vents in a similar manner. For both plumbing-vent flashing and air vents, you'll need to cut the shingle above to go around the flashing and then install the shingle. Work Around Walls Dave Toht Where you meet a chimney or side wall, install step flashing. Apply a shingle, then a piece of flashing, then a shingle, and so on, so that each piece of flashing rests on top of the lower course and is covered by the upper course. You'll need to pry the siding outward to slip in the flashing; in some cases, you'll have to remove the siding. Install Counterflashing PHOTO: Dave Toht PHOTO: Dave Toht Protect the step flashing with counterflashing. On a chimney, use a grinder to cut an indentation into the mortar. Cut and bend the counterflashing to fit snugly into the cut mortar and to cover at least 3 inches of the step flashing. Apply mortar with a caulking gun and set the flashing into the mortar. Cover Ridge Dave Toht Install roofing on both sides of a ridge and cut them so they butt closely together but do not overlap. Cut shingles into ridgecaps. Snap lines on either side and install the caps. Cut Shingles Dave Toht At the rake, snap a line directly above the edge of the existing shingles. Cut with a utility knife; you might want to use a straightedge. You might find it easier if you first cut from below, using the existing shingles as a cutting guide.