No matter how you slice it, a deck offers a welcome portion of outdoor life.
The average 12x24-foot deck can be installed in a couple of weekends by anyone -- man or woman, young or old -- with modest carpentry skills and a few friends. Plus, creating an inviting deck area now gives you an entire season to enjoy good food, good cheer, and good friends outdoors.
Before you race to the local lumberyard or home improvement store, attend to the following details first. You need to make some decisions before you even pull out the tape measure.
Most decks are attached to the rear or side of the house, often just off the kitchen or dining area. For a small house or a first deck, this location makes the most sense because it extends your eating and entertaining area. You can also build a freestanding deck out in the yard, though it's not as easy to access.
Observe the amount of sun and shade your proposed deck will receive. A north-side location will probably mean less direct light, though you can offset that with landscape or exterior lighting. Such a location may also be exposed to winds and seasonal chills; you'll be less likely to tarry in the spring and fall on such a deck.
Siting the deck on the south side, however, is also less than inviting because this location is subject to extreme summer heat, especially if there's no wind circulation or tall trees to provide shade.
Often there's really only one logical spot for your deck. If it's less than ideal, don't despair: You still can make it an inviting outdoor room with a little extra effort. If it's directly in the line of sight of the neighbors' deck, for example, you might consider adding privacy panels. Or build an attached pergola with lattice walls for climbing vines; the greenery will screen the view and provide welcome shade. Your problem solving is limited only by your design ingenuity.
Keep it in proportion to your house -- and your construction skills. Some builders recommend that a deck should be as large as the largest room inside the house (typically the living room).
Here's another tip: Most decks are built in increments of 2 feet. That's because building materials are usually sold in even lengths of 8, 10, or 12 feet or longer. Check the cost per linear foot of the lumber you're considering; typically 12-foot boards are the most cost-effective. In other words, the cost per linear foot of a 12-foot board is likely to be several cents less than the cost of either an 8-foot or a 16-foot board. When you're buying a lot of lumber, this cost savings can be significant, and it's the reason the average deck is 12x24 feet.
If you dream of an elaborate, multilevel deck but have neither the funds to hire the work done nor the skills to make it yourself, remember that you can always start small. Plan the complete project, but build only the first level this year; add the other tiers in subsequent years.
As with most remodeling projects, first you'll need to check local building codes, regulations, and restrictions. You'll probably have to get a building permit from your local building department.
Also call utility companies to identify the locations of underground lines. Buried cables will affect where you place your footings, while overhead cables may interfere with a sunshade. Lot restrictions may limit how close your deck can get to neighbors' properties, and the location of a well, septic tank, or drain field may affect where you place your deck in relation to your house.
You'd be surprised at the little details you need to consider before you can actually begin the deck. For instance, if your house doesn't offer immediate access to the deck location, you'll want to install a sliding door or pair of French doors -- something that gives you a view of your new outdoor room and opens directly onto it. It's generally best to install the door before the deck.
You'll also want to consider other deck access points. Besides the one from the house, there's typically one or more from the yard. You'll need steps for yard access, perhaps even a patio to form a transition between the deck and the yard. Naturally, you need to consider railings and built-in seating, too. And you may want to think about incorporating a planter box or two, or even a water garden.
Careful planning now will make it easier to integrate all the elements into one cohesive, attractive whole.