A driver's license is one of the most easily attained documents in the United States. In most states, new drivers need only pass a vision test and a written exam based on knowledge of traffic safety rules to obtain a learner's permit. Then with a minimal amount of on-the-road practice, a young person can easily pass the requirements for an unrestricted license. When you also consider that a first-year driver tends to overestimate his ability behind the wheel, it's no wonder kids are at risk.
The risks are substantial: Teenagers make up only 6.7 percent of drivers but account for 14 percent of drivers involved in fatal auto crashes. At 16 years, inexperience leads to 43.2 crashes per million miles driven. (By contrast "veteran" 17-year-old drivers experience 30.3 crashes per million miles.)
Why are teens the worst drivers? Because too many are easily distracted risk-takers. All too often, they fail to see a dangerous situation developing as they fiddle with radio dials, get swept away by their favorite songs, or pay more attention to their passengers than to oncoming traffic.
Another reason teens experience a higher percentage of crashes is simply that many have had little road experience, especially on dark, rainy nights and slick streets.
Although several states are wrestling with solutions to the problems of teenage drivers, many families aren't waiting for their legislators to take action. Here are some strategies you can implement at home to make sure your young drivers get off on the right track.
Two strategies have emerged as states look at legal reforms aimed at curbing teen driving accidents:
Graduated licensing provides young drivers with a controlled progression to unrestricted driving in three stages: a minimum length of time on a learner's permit with supervised driving practice, a restricted license for a specified time allowing unsupervised driving under certain conditions, and then a full license provided the driver has had no accidents or violations.
So far 37 states plus the District of Columbia will have approved some form of graduated licensing by the end of this year. While restrictions vary from state to state, Michigan's law is currently ranked among the best by driver safety groups. Teens can first earn a six-month learner's permit just before their 15th birthday, and may practice on the road with a licensed driver over the age of 21. To receive a restricted license, they must complete an introductory driver's education course, and their parents need to certify that they have completed 50 hours of supervised driving, including 10 hours at night. After passing an advanced driver's education course and a road test, 17-year-olds who have held this restricted license for at least six months are eligible for an unrestricted license, but must remain accident- and violation-free for 12 consecutive months.
Currently 24 states require some parental supervision of driving.
While graduated licensing may safeguard those young drivers whose crashes are related to inexperience, statistics show that among fatally injured teen drivers, almost 30 percent had been drinking before the crash. Peer pressure and the need to experiment with new situations may entice teens to drink, but combine this with their immaturity as drivers, and you're faced with a deadly cocktail.
State legislators and local governments have investigated a number of plans to prevent the problem of teenage drinking and driving. All states and the District of Columbia now have 21-year-old minimum drinking age laws. These laws have reduced accident deaths for 18 to 20-year-old drivers by 13 percent, saving about 15,667 lives since 1975.
Also, all states plus the District of Columbia have instituted zero-tolerance laws. This means that drivers under the age of 21 with more than a trace of alcohol in their blood are considered to be legally intoxicated and face immediate suspension of their driver's licenses. The threat of losing a license may catch a teen's attention quicker than anything, including a fear of injury or death that many parents work to instill.
In 2015, 42-percent of teens admitted to texted while driving, according to a Department of Motor Vehicles report. In fact, texting and driving is the leading cause of teen deaths in the United States. Why? It captures a trifecta of safety issues and all types of driving distractions:
Help your teen understand that most states have instituted heavy laws and penalty for texting and driving. If caught while texting and driving, your teen could potentially be penalized with:
Bottom line: Share with your teen the serious safety, legal, and financial implications of texting while behind the wheel. Share your state's laws with your teen and empower him or her with tips to drive safely and without distractions.