1) The forks of the tree spade plunge down around the specimen.
Move in early spring while the tree is dormant; any other time can be fatal.
2) Having been soaked overnight, the earth remains intact around the roots until pruning.
More than 95 percent of a tree's roots may be lost in transplanting.
3) The tree is positioned for traveling to the site of its future home.
The bigger the tree, the longer the recovery. A rule of thumb is that it takes one year for every inch of tree diameter to recover. A 6-inch tree could take six years to resume growth-- or it may die of transplant shock during those six years.