How to Pick the Best Bushes and Shrubs for Landscaping Your Yard

Choose the best shrub or bush for your garden using our guide to hardiness zones, popular choices, foliage color, and native plant options.

Offering an enormous diversity of sizes, shapes, flowers, and foliage, using shrubs for landscaping can turn a bland backyard into a beautiful, dynamic showpiece. These sturdy plants help fill in beds and solidify foundation plantings, which makes your yard more inviting.

Flowering varieties add extra color and sweet fragrances. Depending on where you live and the conditions in your yard, different shrubs can add evergreen texture, groundcover on a slope, and even more privacy by blocking street noise. They also help protect the soil from erosion and support wildlife with food and shelter.

Here's a look at various important characteristics to consider to pick out the best shrubs for your yard.

Types of Shrubs and Bushes

white Spirea Spiraea
Cascading sprays of white spirea blooms appear in spring. Peter Krumhardt

Before diving into the different types of bushes and shrubs for landscaping, you may wonder precisely what they are. In general, they're plants with multiple woody stems that usually don't die back to the ground in winter (which most perennial plants typically do). However, a few trees, like serviceberries, can have multiple woody stems, so some experts distinguish shrubs further by saying they stay under 10 feet tall.

There are exceptions to this rule, which has led to the term "trub," labeling those plants that can't seem to decide if they're a tree or a shrub.

Shrubs can be deciduous (meaning they lose their leaves every winter) or evergreen. Some families of shrubs include both of these types, like hollies. There are also coniferous (cone-bearing evergreens) species like many junipers and yews.

Shrub Foliage Colors

Diabolo Ninebark
'Diablo' ninebark has eye-catching reddish leaves and stems. Kim Cornelison

The leaves of shrubs for landscaping come in almost every color, even nearly black,k like 'Black Lace' elderberry ($21, The Home Depot). Even plain green deciduous varieties often turn bright colors in the fall. And evergreen shrubs, despite their name, offer a fantastic range of foliage colors beyond green, including soft blue, yellow, and variegated in yellow or cream with green. These hues look even more striking in a snow-covered winter landscape. When selecting bushes or shrubs for landscaping, consider their appearance throughout all seasons.

Shrub Shapes and Forms

In addition to the usual upright, rounded configuration, shrubs for landscaping can be weeping (branches drape downward), prostrate (branches grow low and outward, which can work well for covering slopes), and topiary (pruned into interesting shapes). Some species are available in dwarf forms, especially conifers, which are a good choice for smaller properties.

Drought-Tolerant Options

Compared to many smaller plants, most shrubs are pretty drought-tolerant once they are established (for the first year after planting, you'll want to make sure your shrub stays well watered so the roots have a chance to grow in). Unfortunately, you can't always count on rain to water your plants in some parts of the country. So if you want to use less water in your garden, choose shrubs that can tolerate dry conditions. Some examples are potentilla, spirea, and many viburnums.

Avoiding Deer Damage

Deer can damage shrubs by nibbling their twigs, fruit, and foliage. Gardeners across the country always look for ornamentals that deer won't touch. Lists vary by region (and even neighborhood), but certain types of plants appear on many of them. Consider shrubs with thorns or prickers, resinous wood, aromatic foliage, and fuzzy leaves.

Advantages of Native Shrubs

dwarf fothergilla
Dwarf fothergilla produces fluffy white flowers in spring. Doug Hetherington

Native shrubs are also a good option. Because they've existed in the same regions for centuries, they've adapted to local climate and soil conditions. They also have plenty of low-maintenance benefits: They usually don't need extra watering, tend to resist pests and disease, and are big favorites of local wildlife. A few options that combine the virtues of beauty and low maintenance include:

Shrubs That Attract Wildlife

Close up of red Pyracantha berries
Firethorn produces bright red berries that birds love. Denny Schrock

Many shrubs with berries (native or not) attract birds and other wildlife. These include:

Popular Shrub Choices

01 of 12


Boxwood shrubs
Peter Krumhardt

Because boxwoods are easy to manipulate and maintain in many different shapes and sizes, they can always find a home in the garden. Boxwood is an evergreen covered with tiny, oval, glossy leaves. It tolerates shearing into hedges very well. Common boxwood grows to 20 feet tall, but all kinds of cultivars stay smaller. Boxwood will grow in sun or light shade, preferably in well-drained soil, but it can tolerate drought, too. Hardy in Zones 4-8.

Buy It: Sprinter Boxwood Live Evergreen Shrub ($40, The Home Depot)

02 of 12


Andromeda shrub
Jerry Pavia

Also known as lily-of-the-valley bush, andromeda bears pendulous chains of puckered blooms in spring that closely resemble lily-of-the-valley flowers. Andromeda, or pieris, is a 4- to 12-foot-tall, broadleaf evergreen. It produces clusters of fragrant, white, urn-shaped flowers in the spring. This slow-growing shrub likes some shade but can also tolerate full sun and needs well-drained soil that's not too dry or too wet. Hardy in Zones 6-9.

03 of 12


Forsythia shrub
David Speer

A true harbinger of spring, forsythia bursts into a vibrant display of golden blooms before any leaf foliage emerges. Forsythia produces rows of bright yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers on its bare stems in early spring. It usually grows 8 to 10 feet tall. Plant it in full sun or part sun and well-drained evenly moist soil. Hardy in Zones 4-9.

Buy It: Forsythia Lynwood Gold Root Stock ($15, The Home Depot)

04 of 12

Harry Lauder's Walking Stick

Harry Lauder's Walking Stick
Denny Schrock

Harry Lauder's walking stick is a filbert used as an ornamental shrub. It sports curling, twisting branches that can be pruned for use in crafts and flower arrangements. It has coarse, veined leaves and grows 8 to 10 feet tall. Filbert shrubs can tolerate full sun and part shade and do best in well-drained soil. Hardy in Zones 4-9.

Buy It: Ann's Contorted Filbert Tree Cuttings ($36, Etsy)

05 of 12

Lacecap Hydrangea

Bits of Lace Hydrangea
Studio Au

Hydrangeas can flourish in sun or shade. Huge bouquets of hydrangea flowers, which include mophead and lacecap varieties, show beauty from summer to fall. Lacecap hydrangea features flat clusters of tiny, tight, fertile flowers ringed by petaled, sterile ones. The blue, pink, or white flowers nestle among green foliage in early summer and grow best in well-drained soil. Hardy in Zones 6-9.

06 of 12


Lilac shrubs
Jerry Pavia

Lilac boasts fragrant sprays of tiny, tubular florets in pink, white, and shades of lavender during the spring. Heart-shaped, smooth, bluish-green leaves continue through the season and drop in the fall. Lilac grows slowly but lives a long time. Plant in full sun or part sun with well-drained, evenly moist soil. Hardy in Zones 4-9.

Buy It: Dark Purple Reblooming Lilac ($21, The Home Depot)

07 of 12

Mountain Laurel

Mountain Laurel shrub
Eyesweet Inc

A showy shrub native to eastern North America, mountain laurel is closely related to azaleas and rhododendrons. Mountain laurel is a broadleaf evergreen that grows up to 15 feet tall. It's vigorous, producing globes of intricate, starlike florets in late spring. Plant in full sun or part sun with well-drained soil. Hardy in Zones 4-9.

08 of 12


'Hardy Pink' oleander nerium
Chipper R. Hatter

Oleander tolerates heat, full sun, drought, and salt and takes any soil. Narrow evergreen foliage lines thin branches tipped with colorful flowers all season. Just be careful because all parts of the plant are poisonous. Hardy in Zones 9-11.

09 of 12


Firethorn shrub
Ed Gohlich

Pyracantha (firethorn) branches are covered with thorns. They produce white flowers in spring that become bright orange or red berries by fall. Its small, oval leaves are evergreen. This shrub is easy to grow but difficult to prune; plant it in a spot with full or part sun and well-drained soil. Hardy in Zones 5-9.

Buy It: Firethorn ($70, Etsy)

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Plum-Leaf Azalea

Plum-leaf Azalea
Nancy Rotenberg

Deciduous varieties of rhododendrons can fill the gap in areas where dry winters tend to desiccate evergreen types. Plum-leaf azalea, native to the Southeast, bears its fragrant, orange-red flowers in midsummer, later than most azaleas. Shrubs have evergreen foliage and grow to 10 feet or more. Plant in part shade and moist, well-drained soil. Hardy in Zones 5-8.

Buy It: Azalea 'Blaauw's Pink' ($28, Target)

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PJM Rhododendron

PJM Rhododendron
Bob Stefko

PJM rhododendron is a compact evergreen that grows 3 to 6 feet tall. It resembles an azalea with its small, leathery leaves that turn purplish in the fall. Spring flowers are pinkish-lavender. Plant in part shade and moist, well-drained soil. Hardy in Zones 4-9.

Buy It: PJM Compact Rhododendron Shrub ($32, The Home Depot)

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Seven-Sons Flower

Seven-sons Flowers
Denny Schrock

Seven-sons flower grows to 15 feet. It's an example of a "trub" because sometimes it's shaped to grow more like a tree. Its soft green foliage shows off 6-inch-long clusters of fragrant ivory flowers in late summer. It prefers moist soil but tolerates drought, too. Plant it in full to part shade. Hardy in Zones 5-8.

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