Crunchy and nutritious, this root vegetable grows best in loamy soil and full sun.

Carrot Overview

Description Homegrown carrots boast a flavor and texture that is quite different from their grocery counterparts. Enjoy the snappy crunch of this vegetable’s tap root when eaten raw. Cook carrots (their sweetness intensifies) to create dishes that dance the line between sweet and savory. Full sun and loose, well-drained soil will produce baskets of carrots throughout the growing season.
Genus Name Daucus carota var. sativus
Common Name Carrot
Plant Type Vegetable
Light Part Sun, Sun
Height 6 to 6 inches
Width 3 to 36 inches
Propagation Seed

Carrot Care Must-Knows

Carrots grow best in full sun. They also need regular and plentiful moisture (at least 1 inch of water or rain a week), and well-drained soil that is deep, loose, and free of stones and heavy clumps that can distort the roots. If you have clay soil, add plenty of compost, manure, and topsoil before planting. If your traditional, in-ground beds present challenges, plant carrots in raised beds that are at least 10 inches deep or in large containers filled with quality garden loam or potting soil. Water regularly as raised beds and containers dry out faster than traditional planting beds.

Planting Carrots

Plant carrot seeds directly into the garden; it is difficult to transplant vegetables with taproots. Make sure your soil is as free of stones and clods of clay as possible. Then, once the danger of frost is past, sow seeds ¼ inch deep and ½ inch apart in rows that are 18 inches apart. Carrot seeds are tiny, so don't get overly concerned about spacing. You will thin the plants after they emerge. (If desired, use seed tape to get evenly spaced plants and straight rows, and reduce the need for thinning.)

Keep the seedbed evenly moist by watering every couple of days until the seeds germinate (about 14 days in 60-degree soil). When seedlings are 2 inches tall or less, thin plants to 1- to 4- inch spacing, depending on the size of the taproot desired. The thinning process allows the remaining carrots to grow larger without becoming misshapen. When thinning, cut rather than pull to avoid disturbing nearby plants.

Once the carrot seedlings are established (at least 2 inches tall), spread a layer of finely shredded mulch or well-aged compost around them to conserve soil moisture and keep the soil cool. Leave about 2-3 inches around each plant free of mulch to prevent rot and mildew. For a continuous harvest of carrots into fall, sow seeds every 3 weeks until midsummer. Expect your carrots to take 60 to 80 days to mature. Prevent diseases by planting carrots in a different spot every year.

Harvest Tips

Begin pulling carrots as soon as they develop full color. For winter storage, wait to harvest until after the tops have been exposed to several frosts; the cold will increase their sweetness. You can also overwinter carrots in the ground by mulching them heavily with straw. Dig them throughout winter or in early spring before new growth starts.

More Varieties of Carrots

'Danvers 126' Carrot

Danvers 126 carrot

This is a heat-resistant variety with tapered, thin roots 7 to 8 inches long. 75 days to harvest.

'Imperator 58' Carrot

Imperator 58 carrot
Ed Gohlich

This carrot bears sweet, tender roots that grow best in loose soils where they can grow to 9 inches long. 70 days to harvest.

'Kuroda' Carrot

Kuroda carrot
Andy Lyons

This variety produces large yields. It is good for juicing and storage. 73 days to harvest.

'Thumbelina' Carrot

Thumbelina carrot
Peter Krumhardt

This carrot is good for growing in heavy soils. Its 2-inch long roots are good for baking. 60 days to harvest.

'Purple Haze' Carrot

Purple Haze carrot
David Speer

'Purple Haze' carrot offers purple skins and can grow to 12 inches long in sandy soils. It has an orange core, and its color fades with cooking. 70 days to harvest.

'Red Cored Chantenay' carrot

Red Cored Chantenay carrots

This is an heirloom variety with deep orange color from skin to core. It has wide shoulders that taper to a point. 65 days to harvest.

Garden Plans for Carrots

An Eye-Catching Kitchen Garden Plan

illustration of square cook garden
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Enjoy a full summer of homegrown vegetables with this ornamental potager garden.

Download this garden plan!

Spring Vegetable Garden Plan

Spring Vegetable Garden Plan
Illustration by Gary Palmer

Enjoy spring's freshest flavors with this fun and easy garden plan.

Click here to get this plan.

Summer Vegetable Garden Plan


Enjoy summer's finest flavors with this fun and easy garden plan. This arrangement offers tons of color and texture as well as variety in flavors.

Get this garden plan!

Planting Plans Inspired by the White House Kitchen Garden

inspired summer garden plan
Illustration by Michael R. Burns

Grow a 4x12-foot version of the White House Kitchen Garden (designed by Better Homes and Gardens garden editors) on your own south (or east or west) lawn. All you need is a spot that gets six or more hours of sunshine each day.

Download this plan.

Was this page helpful?
Related Articles