How to Plant and Grow Green Beans

The more pods you harvest, the more these plants will produce.

Green Bean Care Must-Knows

Green beans are easy to grow from seed planted directly in the garden. One of the keys to a great bean crop is to wait until the night temperature regularly stays above 55° F before planting. Bean seeds germinate poorly if planted too early. Select a full sun planting site that has fertile, well-drained soil. Plant seeds 1 inch deep and 4 inches apart in rows 18–24 inches apart. Sow seeds every three weeks or so until the end of June to provide a long, continued harvest.

Commonly munched by rabbits and deer, protect bean plants with fencing if these garden invaders are a problem in your area. Few other pests and diseases threaten beans. Prevent disease in future years by planting beans in a different spot in the garden each year. This practice is called crop rotation and cuts down on disease proliferation.

Green Bean Harvest Tips

Harvest most green beans when pods are 6-8 inches long, before pods and seeds reach full size, 45-55 days after planting. Specialty bush beans called filet beans should be harvested when pods are only ¼ inch in diameter. Harvest shelling beans once seeds have reached full size, about 80 days after planting. Dried beans take approximately 100-120 days to reach maturity. Because dried pods may split open and drop beans to the ground, place a large pan or bucket under the plants when harvesting dried beans.

More Varieties of Green Beans

Green Beans, Snap Beans Overview

Genus Name Phaseolus vulgaris
Common Name Green Beans, Snap Beans
Plant Type Vegetable
Light Sun
Height 1 to 10 feet
Width 1 to 4 feet
Propagation Seed

'Jade' bean

jade bean
Scott Little

'Jade' bean offers slender, deep green pods that remain tender and productive in the heat of summer.

'Derby' bean

derby bean
Scott Little

'Derby' bean produces tender, 7-inch-long pods that are easy to harvest. Plants resist disease well.

'Blue Lake 274' bean

'Blue Lake 274' bean
Scott Little

This cultivar is a bush type that produces 6-inch-long green pods on bushy plants.

'Romano' pole bean

romano pole bean
Scott Little

This selection forms a vigorous vine, which features pods that remain stringless even when large.

'Royal Burgundy' bean

royal burgundy bean
Bill Stites

'Royal Burgundy' bean bears nutritious purple pods that turn green when cooked.

'Roc d'Or' snap bean

roc dor snap bean
Scott Little

This variety is a yellow-pod type that's also called wax bean. 'Roc d'Or' bears 6-inch-long yellow pods 52 days after planting.

'Scarlet Runner' bean

scarlet runner bean
Jay Graham

'Scarlet Runner' bean is named for its attractive orangy-red flowers produced on vining plants. It is a different species (Phaseolus coccineus) than snap beans. It's most often grown for its ornamental value, but it also produces tasty shelling beans.

Garden Plans for Green Beans

Fall Vegetable Garden Plan

vegetable garden plan illustration
Illustration by Gary Palmer

Autumn's mild temperatures create perfect growing conditions for fall vegetables like kale and carrots. Here's how to enjoy these late-season treats by planting some fall garden vegetables.

Click here to download this plan!

Summer Vegetable Garden Plan

summer vegetable garden illustration
Illustration by Gary Palmer

Enjoy summer's finest flavors with this fun and easy garden plan. This arrangement offers tons of color and texture as well as variety in flavors.

Get this garden plan.

Planting Plans Inspired by the White House Kitchen Garden

vegetable garden plan illustration
Illustration by Gary Palmer

Grow a 4x12-foot version of the White House Kitchen Garden (designed by Better Homes and Gardens garden editors) on your own south (or east or west) lawn. All you need is a spot that gets six or more hours of sunshine each day.

Download this garden plan!

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