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Hybrid Tea Rose
Hybrid tea roses are the standard for cut flower roses. With their iconic bud shape and petaled blooms, hybrid tea roses are well worth the effort of growing them. Although hybrid tea roses are some of the more finicky roses on the market, they can be truly rewarding. These are roses that have beautiful form, delightful fragrance, and wonderful color options.
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Origins of Hybrid Tea Roses
Hybrid tea roses are considered one of the oldest classes of roses. It is believed that this class began with the rose 'La France' all the way back in 1867. This class was created by crossing a tea rose with a hybrid perpetual rose. After that, there were several other similar crosses made, but popularity didn't take off until the Peace rose was officially branded in 1945. The Peace rose had all of the main attributes of hybrid tea rose and personified it so well. You can still find this cultivar readily on the market today, along with different variations of it.
Hybrid Tea Rose Care Must-Knows
This class of rose is most commonly grown as a cut flower. As such, the plants aren't the most beautiful in a garden setting. With quick-growing upright stems, few leaves, and generally only one bud per stem, hybrid tea roses can be pretty sparse looking. However, this can also be to their advantage, as they'll blend in with the right perennial partners.
To start, roses need full sun. Less sun means poor-quality blooms, a higher chance of foliar disease, greater likelihood of flopping plants, and overall weaker plants. Foliar diseases are a major problem with roses, and hybrid teas are especially susceptible. The main culprit is general blackspot, a fungal disease that causes characteristic black spots on the foliage. In many climates, it is almost inevitable that rosebushes will get this. The best thing to do is be proactive and plant in full sun, prune properly for good air flow, and avoid wetting the foliage whenever possible. Fungal diseases spread primarily by water droplets, so remove any affected leaves as well as debris around plants to prevent future outbreaks.
Plant your rosebushes in well-drained soil. Once your hole has been dug, gently spread out the roots over a mound of soil in the hole and fill in with amended soil, filling gaps and packing down to remove air holes. Hybrid tea roses are almost always grafted plants, which helps increase the vigor and hardiness of many varieties. When you are planting, make sure that the graft union (the bulging knob-like spot near the base of the plant) is buried 1-2 inches below the soil level in northern climates or just above the soil in warmer climates.
Once planted, water the base of your rose plant well. As the plants grow, continue watering them regularly, especially during times of drought. It is also beneficial to feed roses on a regular basis, as they are heavy feeders. Supply enough fertilizer to satisfy repeat-blooming varieties.
Pruning Hybrid Tea Roses
Pruning is always a chore, and some varieties are pickier than others. But as long as you know the proper techniques, pruning is fairly straightforward. The best time to prune hybrid teas is late winter, just before the plants are breaking dormancy.
Primarily remove any old, dead, or diseased wood. Long shoots can be cut back to 4 to 6 buds from the base, or roughly 10-15 inches above the graft. If there was severe winter dieback, cut back until you reach live wood. Smaller shoots should be cut back harder, leaving just a few buds or a few inches of shoot above ground level. A general rule of thumb is that stems need to be at least the thickness of a pencil to support blooms. As plants get older and canes become large and tough, cut all the way back to the ground. This encourages fresh new shoots from the base and increases air circulation to the center of the plant. Also make sure that all of the shoots are coming from above the graft union. If they are not, then they are coming from the rose rootstock, which can eventually choke out the cultivar plant. Any stems coming from below the union should be cut all the way back to the main stem.
More Varieties of Hybrid Tea Rose
'Chicago Peace' rose
Rosa 'Chicago Peace' is a variant of 'Peace' rose that displays a permanent deep pink blush on petals reversed in golden yellow. The large, petal-packed blooms open from shell-shape buds. The tall plant stands up to heat and cold extremes, and the glossy, light green foliage stays clean. It grows 5-6 feet tall. Zones 5-9
'Double Delight' rose
Rosa 'Double Delight' is among the most popular American hybrid tea roses. Its fragrance is unsurpassed, as is the sheer magnitude of its flowers. The huge, warm ivory blooms are edged in a cerise pink that intensifies in strong sunlight. Plants grow 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9
Rosa 'Peace' is one of the most beloved roses. It's also the most widely planted hybrid tea in the world. The glowing flowers start as golden buds that open to huge yellow blooms edged in pink and set against glossy, dark green foliage. The shrubby, vigorous plants grow 5 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Zones 5-9
'Perfect Moment' rose
Rosa 'Perfect Moment' is an award-winning rose that produces glowing emberlike blooms of yellow edged in red. Large buds unfurl to full flowers in which the pink blush deepens and spreads. Blooms are lightly fragrant. The plant stays compact and bushy, growing to 4-1/2 feet tall and 3 feet wide, with disease-resistant foliage. Zones 5-9
'Rio Samba' rose
Rosa 'Rio Samba' offers golden buds that unfurl into warm and sunny blooms that deepen to scarlet, like a tropical sunset. The fragrance is very slight, but this rose's color display is so magnificent, you don't miss the perfume. Large flowers are complemented by the glossy green foliage. The tall plants branch well and grow vigorously to 4-6 feet tall. Zones 6-9