Although many people think of one particular variety when they think of roses, the plant is actually incredibly diverse. There are heirloom roses, climbing roses, groundcover roses, English tea roses, and more. And while caring for some roses can be labor-intensive, others are much more forgiving of a gardener's time and effort. To help you sort through the differences, the Rose section of the Better Homes and Gardens Plant Encyclopedia includes many types of roses, sortable by both scientific and common name and distinguished by USDA Hardiness Zone. The Plant Encyclopedia also contains common growing conditions and limitations such as moisture, sun, and shade. You'll also find rose-care tips such as ideal pruning and garden locations, growing habits and rose types, as well as ideas for using roses in the landscape. View a list of roses by common name or scientific name below
Plant Type
Sunlight Amount

Grandiflora Rose

A result of a cross between a hybrid tea rose and a floribunda rose, grandiflora-type roses were born of necessity, as the new cross didn’t fit in either of the parent categories. Featuring habits of both parents, grandifloras are known for their showy, high-centered blooms similar to their hybrid tea parentage, as well as their taller plant height. From their floribunda parent, grandiflora roses sport multiple blooms per stem, unlike gthe hybrid tea rose. The pioneer of this group of roses was the beautiful ‘Queen Elizabeth’ in 1955.
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Groundcover Rose

Groundcover roses are one of the newest trends in roses. These low-growing, sprawling shrubs are actually not a class of their own like many other rose types. Generally, what people consider groundcover roses are just low-growing shrub roses. But no matter what they are, these plants are great at filling space with nonstop blooms. These roses also tend to be extremely disease resistant and low-maintenance.
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Floribunda rose

Floribunda roses offer a bouquet on every branch. The small flowers look like elegant hybrid tea blooms but appear in clusters instead of one flower per stem. Floribundas are a cross between polyantha species roses and hybrid teas, combining hardiness, free flowering, and showy, usually fragrant blooms. Sizes of these hardy roses vary from compact and low-growing to a more open habit and heights of 5-6 feet, ideal for tall hedges. The foliage on floribunda roses tends to shrug off diseases, making for a low-maintenance plant that delivers maximum impact with its continuous bloom cycles. Most floribundas require very little spring pruning -- just removal of dead or damaged wood.
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English Rose

English roses are some of the most fragrant blossoms available, and they’re now seeing a surge in popularity. Their double blossoms are a cross between old-fashioned roses and modern ones, bringing back the sweet fragrance along with new, lush colors.  
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Climbing Rose

They are acrobats of the rose world.
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Species Rose

If you favor a slightly wilder look in your garden, look to the ancestors of roses you grow and enjoy for many of the same admirable qualities. Most species roses offer small blooms, and they usually appear only once a season, but the landscaping benefits make them worthwhile to include in borders and background plantings. Most species roses can tolerate extreme weather conditions and because of their colorful hips (fruit), they are good choices for attracting birds and other wildlife to the garden. The canes are often vigorous and arching. Stems may be highly colored but are almost always thorny, making large species good candidates for privacy hedging and deer-frequented areas.

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More Roses

Shrub Rose

The classic rose has long been loved for its aroma and looks. However, they also come with a high-maintenance regime. Enter the shrub rose. One of the easiest classes of roses to grow, shrub roses combine all of the best characteristics into a beautiful, low-maintenance plant.
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Miniature rose

Gardeners limited in space can enjoy all the fun of rose growing by cultivating miniature roses in containers. They also adapt well to flowerbed edging, front-of-the-border socializing with perennials and annuals, and low hedges. Miniature roses first came into being in the early 1930s as an accidental result of rose hybridizing. Since then, master miniaturists have created many jewel-like varieties featuring perfectly shaped tiny blooms on clean, healthy plants that generally stay under 2 feet. Miniature roses respond to all the care basics of regular-size roses -- deep irrigation, sunshine. and regular fertilizing -- but they do need extra winter protection in colder climates. To ensure the plant doesn't die back to the roots, in Zone 5 and below, bury the rose plant in a mound of soil.
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