Wild ginger, a native groundcover, thrives in consistently moist, acidic soils. This spring- blooming wildflower, native to much of the U.S., is found growing in woodland areas and wooded slopes throughout the Eastern U.S. Wild ginger is a stemless plant featuring dark green heart- or kidney-shape leaves with visible veining and cup-shape purple-brown flowers that are often hidden beneath its foliage. Wild ginger makes a good groundcover for shady areas, woodland gardens, native plant gardens, edging, and naturalized areas.
In Colonial times, fresh or dried roots of wild ginger were used as a ginger substitute, but wild ginger is not a relative of culinary ginger. Eating wild ginger is discouraged as it is a known carcinogen and can cause kidney problems, so stick to growing it for ornamental use only.
Garden Plans For Wild Ginger
The blossoms of wild ginger are borne at soil level, so they are often hidden from view. The flowers bloom in many shades of brown, purple, black, yellow, and white; many feature unique patterning on the petals. The coloring of wild ginger blossoms attracts their pollinators, usually flies and beetles. The plant's roots smell somewhat like the ginger used in cooking. The earth-toned blossoms, though, mimic the odor of rotting flesh to attract the right pollinators to make seeds. Some species will have larger flowers than others and are worth the hunt to find them. Wild ginger native to the U.S. has simple green foliage, but many other species have leaves veined in silver and patterns similar to a cyclamen.
Wild Ginger Care Must-Knows
Wild ginger will grow well in medium to wet well-drained soil, however, due to its slow-growing nature, it may take several years to establish and make a substantial clump. To provide your plants with ideal growing conditions similar to a woodland area, add some compost to the soil at the time of planting. During the spring, an additional layer of compost can be added to provide extra nutrients. Wild ginger also prefers acidic soil but can tolerate neutral soil, too.
Wild ginger prefers to grow in part shade to full shade. Some species can take more sun, but be careful with those with intricate leaf types as they can burn and dry out too much. Wild ginger spreads slowly by rhizomes and creates a lush groundcover in shady areas. It's also deer resistant. Wild ginger can be planted in containers, which allows its flowers to be more easily admired.
More Varieties of Wild Ginger
Native to the Pacific Northwest, Asarum caudatum has slightly glossy deep green leaves and attractive rust brown flowers in Spring. Zones 7-9
Canadian wild ginger
Asarum canadense is a North American native with medium, green downy leaves. It requires regular moisture to look its best. It has better heat tolerance than European wild ginger. Zones 2-8.
Chinese wild ginger
Asarum splendens is an easy-to-grow Chinese wild ginger that is evergreen in mild climates. It has arrowhead-shape leaves with silver mottling and dark purple flowers in spring. Zones 5-9.
European wild ginger
Asarum europaeum bears striking evergreen leaves that have a glossy sheen. Zones 4-8.
Plant Wild Ginger With:
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