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Thyme

Thymus

While thyme can be grown to add color to your garden, most folks plant thyme to use as an herb for cooking. This tough and rugged perennial often forms dense mats of foliage that are topped with attractive blossoms. There are also some wonderful filler varieties that can be planted between rocks and paths, and some varieties can even be used as a lawn substitute. Consider planting thyme near paths, they release a delightful fragrance when brushed. Many cooks plant thyme near the kitchen so they can easily snip a stem or two when cooking.

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Light:

Sun

Type:

Height:

Under 6 inches to 12 inches

Width:

Up to 18 inches

Flower Color:

Foliage Color:

Seasonal Features:

Zones:

4-9

Colorful Combinations

Blossoms of the thyme plant come in many colors such as white, pink, and even red. The small blossoms are much loved by honeybees and other pollinators, so plant thyme near fruit and vegetable plants to maximize pollinator activity. While their flowers are attractive, thyme is grown for its foliage. Typically green, the foliage can also come in shades of gold, silver and gray. There are also some ornamental varieties that are grown for their fuzzy and wooly foliage.

Make this miniature herb garden for portable flavor.

Thyme Care Must-Knows

This tough Mediterranean herb is native to areas with rocky, poor soil and needs extremely well-drained soil to thrive because it is prone to rot in soil that is too moist. Once established, thyme is a drought-tolerant plant and will not require much supplemental watering. Because thyme prefers dry conditions, it makes a superb choice for a rock or container garden.

Create these quick and easy container herb gardens.

In order to grow the most impressive thyme plant, be sure to plant it in full sun, which creates the most intense flavor. As your thyme grows, some rejuvenating pruning will be needed as the plant becomes woody with age. This pruning can be done after it blooms: Cut it back by about 1/3 to encourage a new flush of fresh growth.

Harvesting Tips

The best time to harvest thyme is in the morning, just after the dew has dried. When using thyme in dishes, it is best to use only the leaves because the stems are generally too woody and tough.

If you are planning on drying thyme for use in winter months, it is best to cut and hang the stems upside down in small bunches. Dry thyme in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area; throughout the drying process check on plants and ensure they are fully dry. Then store it in an airtight container.

Use these tips when harvesting herbs from your garden.

More Varieties of Thyme

'Bressingham' thyme

Thymus praecox  is a low-growing creeping thyme that resembles wooly thyme with greener foliage. It grows 2-3 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide. It requires full sun and excellent drainage to perform well in the garden. In late spring, it is covered with hot pink blooms that age to soft pink. Zones 4-9.

'Doone Valley' thyme

An exceptionally lemon scented variety, this variety of Thymus citriodorus is grown as an ornamental, with erratically gold splashed foliage and bright pink blooms. Zones 4-9

'Elfin' thyme

This variety of Thymus forms a tight mat of fine foliage that tolerates occasional foot traffic, making it a perfect solution for planting between flagstones. It grows just 1-2 inches tall and gradually spreads to 8-12 inches wide. Lilac-purple flowers are produced in early summer. Zones 4-9.

English thyme

Thymus vulgaris is the classic culinary thyme and it sounds a savory note in dishes. Zone 5-9.

Gold lemon thyme

Gilt-edged leaves serve up bold flavor for Thymus x citriodorus 'Aureus.' Use these lemony leaves to recipes calling for lemon juice, lemon zest, or lemon flavoring. Zones 4-8.

Lemon thyme

Thymus x citriodorus produces rich, dark green leaves that have an intoxicating lemon fragrance. Like its variegated cousin, lemon thyme looks as good in the herb garden as it does in the ornamental border. A good container plant, lemon thyme can grow 15 inches tall and wide. Zones 5-9.

Red creeping thyme

Thymus serpyllum carpets the ground with red blossoms in spring. This ground cover is a natural addition to an alpine or rock garden, or tucked between stepping stones along a garden path. Zones 4-9.

Silver thyme

Thymus argenteus offers white-edged leaves, creating a lacy appearance. Use silver thyme interchangeably with thyme in recipes. Zones 4-10.

'Spicy Orange' thyme

This low-growing selection of Thymus is tough enough to withstand foot traffic. The needlelike foliage is aromatic with a light orange scent and flavor. It has pink flowers in summer and grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 5-9.

Varigated lemon thyme

Thymus x citriodorus 'Variegata' is a beautiful edible ornamental. The lemon-scented foliage is versatile in the kitchen and the plant itself makes a striking ground cover for sunny spots. When mature, the plants can grow 16 inches tall and wide. Zones 5-9.

Wooly thyme

Thymus pseudolanuginosus is a fast-spreading groundcover that thyme quickly blankets an area with fuzzy leaves that stand up to moderate foot traffic. Choose this thyme for a footpath, lawn replacement, or textural standout in a rock garden. Zones 4-8.

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