Perennial Salvia

Perennial Salvia
Plant Type
Sunlight Amount
Detail Of Blue Salvia
Credit: Stephen Cridland
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Detail Of Blue Salvia

Perennial Salvia

This pretty mint relative blooms for a long period of time in a wide spectrum of colors. The colors of salvias are diverse, as are the overall plant habits, which can vary greatly from short, low-growing plants to tall, sprawling plants. Salvias are also a great nectar source; if you plant them, pollinators (especially hummingbirds) will be sure to pay your garden a visit.

genus name
  • Salvia
light
  • Part Sun
  • Sun
plant type
height
  • 1 to 3 feet
  • 3 to 8 feet
width
  • 1 to 3 feet
flower color
foliage color
season features
problem solvers
special features
zones
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
propagation

Colorful Combinations

You will have an easy time finding a salvia to fit your needs, with its many colors to choose from and diverse bloom times. These plants put on a spectacular show with hundreds of blooms at a time. Generally, the hardiest species tend to have one major bloom session, with potential for a second flush if blooms are cut back. More tender perennial salvias tend to have a spread-out bloom period and bloom more sparsely overall. Some species have somewhat showy bracts, or modified leaves, that can persist after the blooms have finished, further adding to the floral display.

Salvia Care Must-Knows

Salvias can survive pretty harsh conditions but don't tolerate wet feet, so make sure you plant them in well-drained soil. Once salvias are established, they can stand up to long periods of drought. Usually, a supplemental watering is necessary only on hot summer days after long periods of little rain. Salvias also prefer full sun, where they will put on their best floral show. Anything less than full sun causes the plant to stretch and become floppy.

When planting your salvias, allow plenty of room for the plants to grow, because many become large and start to sprawl. After the initial bloom period and if the plant is becoming too large, you can cut it back by about half to encourage a smaller, more compact plant and a second round of blooms. Perennial salvias can also be dug up and divided to make more plants. This is best done in early spring right when plants emerge—just be careful not to damage tender new growth.

New Innovations

Because salvia is such a diverse family of plants, there is so much room for botanical improvement. Right now, work is being done to upgrade winter hardiness, to make plants more compact, and to improve disease resistance. Along with these improvements, researchers are working on bicolor forms of perennial salvias.

More Varieties for Salvia

black and blue sage guaranitica
Credit: Peter Krumhardt

'Black and Blue' sage

Salvia guaranitica 'Black and Blue' blooms in late summer and fall with very deep blue flowers, with almost black calyces. The flowers are carried in spikes on shrubby stems that may reach 8 feet tall. Zones 7-10, though it's often treated as an annual.

Clary sage
Credit: Dean Schoeppner

Clary sage

Salvia sclarea is a short-lived perennial or biennial grown for its colorful bracts of pink, purple, white, or lilac. Plants readily self-seed, so once you plant it, you may find plants popping up throughout the garden. Plants grow up to 2 feet tall but may need staking or pinching to prevent them from falling over. Zones 4-9

Giant purple sage
Credit: Peter Krumhardt

Giant purple sage

Salvia pachyphylla is exceedingly tough and bears spikes of purple flowers throughout the summer. It can reach 4 feet tall. Zones 5-9

'Golden Delicious' pineapple sage
Credit: Marty Baldwin

'Golden Delicious' pineapple sage

Salvia elegans 'Golden Delicious' is a more compact version of pineapple sage with yellow-green foliage. This shrublike perennial is hardy in Zones 8-11 and grows well as an annual in colder Zones. Plants grow 3-4 feet tall and bear spikes with brilliant red blooms beginning in late summer.

'Hot Lips' sage
Credit: Ed Gohlich

'Hot Lips' sage

Flowering most prolifically in spring and fall, salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips' features bicolor blooms of white and red on compact shrubby plants.  Zones 8-11

Hummingbird sage
Credit: Denny Schrock

Hummingbird sage

Salvia spathacea, a hummingbird favorite, is aptly named. The magenta flowers of this sage attract hundreds of the tiny birds over the course of a season. Plants grow about 1 foot tall. Zones 8-10

Detail Of Blue Salvia
Credit: Stephen Cridland

'May Night' hybrid sage

Salvia x sylvestris 'May Night' carries dense spikes of large, two-lipped, deep indigo blue flowers on 1-1/2- to 2-foot stems. Increase by division as this is a sterile hybrid. Zones 5-9

'Point Sal Spreader' salvia
Credit: Denny Schrock

'Point Sal Spreader' salvia

Salvia leucophylla 'Point Sal Spreader', also known as purple sage, grows 2 feet tall and spreads to 10 feet or so wide. Great for slopes, it is very drought-tolerant. Zones 8-10

Roseleaf sage
Credit: Denny Schrock

Roseleaf sage

Salvia involucrata is a shrubby Mexican native that develops purple-red flowers from midsummer to fall. It grows 5 feet tall and attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Zones 7-11

Santa Rosa Island sage
Credit: Denny Schrock

Santa Rosa Island sage

Salvia brandegeei is an exceptionally drought-tolerant and long-lived sage. This plant has a shrublike form and grows 4-6 feet tall. It has dark green leaves and purple flowers. Zones 8-10

Salvia Companion Plants

Golden marguerite
Credit: Rob Cardillo

Golden Marguerite

Golden marguerite is a cheerful flower. Also known as golden chamomile, it produces a cloud of yellow daisies on feather gray-green foliage. Plants spread quickly, requiring division every two years or so. After their first flush of bloom, they can get rangy looking, so cut them back by about half to keep them neat and to encourage further bloom.

detail of shasta daisies leucanthemum x superbum
Credit: Peter Krumhardt

Shasta Daisy

Easy to grow, always fresh, and always eye-catching, Shasta daisy is a longtime favorite. All cultivars produce white daisy flowers in various degrees of doubleness and size. The sturdy stems and long vase life make the flowers unbeatable for cutting. Shasta daisy thrives in well-drained, not overly rich soil. Taller sorts may need staking.

'Little Grapette' daylily
Credit: Peter Krumhardt

Daylily

Daylilies are so easy to grow you'll often find them in ditches and fields, escapees from gardens. And yet they look so delicate, producing glorious trumpet-shape blooms in myriad colors. In fact, there are some 50,000 named hybrid cultivars in a range of flower sizes (the minis are very popular), forms, and plant heights. Some are fragrant. The flowers are borne on leafless stems. Although each bloom lasts but a single day, superior cultivars carry numerous buds on each scape so bloom time is long, especially if you deadhead daily. The strappy foliage may be evergreen or deciduous.

purple Asters
Credit: Peter Krumhardt

Aster

Asters get their name from the Latin word for "star," and their flowers are indeed the superstars of the fall garden. Some types of this native plant can reach up to 6 feet with flowers in white and pinks but also, perhaps most strikingly, rich purples and showy lavenders. Not all asters are fall bloomers. Extend the season by growing some of the summer bloomers, as well. Some are naturally compact; tall types that grow more than 2 feet benefit from staking or an early season pinching or cutting back by about one-third in July (or so) to keep the plant more compact.

Garden Plans for Salvia

garden pathway
Credit: Rick Taylor

Foolproof Foundation Garden Plan

Dress up the front of your home with this interesting combination of plants.

Download this garden plan!

colorful front entry garden plan
Credit: Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Colorful Front Entry Garden Plan

Create an eye-catching entry to your landscape with this garden plan.

Click here to get this free plan now.

garden flowers and shrubs illustration
Credit: Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Summer-Blooming Front-Yard Cottage Garden Plan

Create charm and curb appeal in your front yard with this lush, beautiful cottage garden plan.

Get this garden plan!

Front Walk Garden Plan
Credit: Tom Rosborough

Front Walk Garden Plan

This eclectic mix of easy-care flowers is the perfect way to make walking to your front door a pleasant journey.

Download this garden plan.

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