Add this classic perennial to your garden to enjoy its colorful blooms and to draw wildlife.

Coneflower Overview

Description Both people and pollinators love this pretty North American native. With colorful blooms from summer to fall, purple coneflowers shine in a variety of settings. This plant has seen a resurgence in popularity, which has led to more varieties to choose from. There's a coneflower for every garden, including bright single flowers and double blossoms.
Genus Name Echinacea
Common Name Coneflower
Plant Type Perennial
Light Sun
Height 1 to 3 feet
Width 1 to 2 feet
Flower Color Green, Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, White, Yellow
Foliage Color Blue/Green
Season Features Fall Bloom, Summer Bloom, Winter Interest
Special Features Attracts Birds, Cut Flowers, Fragrance, Good for Containers, Low Maintenance
Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Propagation Division, Seed
Problem Solvers Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant

Colorful Combinations

The big blooms of coneflowers are usually made up of a brownish-orange central "cone" and a ring of long, slender petals radiating out from it. The petals have a pinkish purple hue, but an array of new varieties offer more flower shapes such as doubles, and colors from orange and yellow to red and deep pink so there's a coneflower for every garden.

Coneflower Care Must-Knows

If you aren't familiar with coneflower in a garden setting, you may be familiar with it as a natural cold remedy. Purple coneflower has long been sought after for its cold-fighting properties, especially in teas. All parts of the plant are purported to have immune-boosting effects.

Because purple coneflower is native to grass prairies, it prefers well-drained soil and tolerates drought well. They won't tolerate anything less than full sun; if planted in too much shade, purple coneflowers tend to get leggy and flop. Plus, plants are more susceptible to foliar diseases, such as powdery mildew, when planted in the shade.

Once plants have finished blooming, remove spent blooms to help encourage a second round of blooms. As fall sets in, leave a few flower heads on the plant; the seeds provide food for many small birds. Goldfinches especially seem fond of sitting atop spent blossoms and picking away at the tasty seeds. If left on the plant, coneflowers may reseed themselves around your garden. But remember any seedlings will be different from the parent, especially with the fancier varieties.

One problem with coneflower and other plants in the aster family is that it is susceptible to aster yellows, a plant virus carried by thrips. These pesky little bugs feed on pollen, as well as plant juices, by scraping the plant tissue and drinking the sap. As these bugs fly around and feed, they transmit the virus from plant to plant. Symptoms will be visible on new buds and open flowers that will show erratic, contorted growth. If you see this on your plant, there is no cure except to dig up the plant and properly dispose of it before the disease is transmitted to any other plants.

New Types of Coneflowers

There have been many new and exciting innovations in the world of purple coneflower. Breeders in the late '90s and early 2000s began crossing the yellow species, Echinacea paradoxa, with the common purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea. This opened up new possibilities and created new colors. Some of the most recent innovations include shorter, more durable plants, especially ones that can easily and uniformly be grown from seed. And the coneflower boom doesn't seem to be slowing down. Scientists have begun developing crosses between coneflowers and black-eyed Susans to create a new cross called Echibeckia.

More Varieties of Coneflower

'Bravado' purple coneflower

bravado coneflower
David Speer

Echinacea purpurea 'Bravado' is a robust plant that grows to 4 feet tall. It bears loads of 4- to 5-inch-wide blooms that range in color from light pink to magenta rose. Petals stand out for maximum display. Zones 3-9

'Cheyenne Spirit' coneflower

Echinacea 'Cheyenne Spirit' Coneflower
Blaine Moats

Can't decide on which color coneflower to choose? Echinacea 'Cheyenne Spirit' is a custom seed mixture that has all the colors on compact plants, they even bloom the first year from seed! Zones 4-9

'Firebird' coneflower

Echinacea 'Firebird' Coneflower
Laurie Black

This selection of Echinacea has traditional, shuttlecock-shaped blooms in a bold new color of glowing red. Dark colored cones add to the intensity on nice, compact plants. Zones 4-10

'Fragrant Angel' coneflower

fragrant angel coneflower
David Speer

This Echinacea purpurea variety has 5-inch-wide white daisies with an orange center cone. It grows 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 3-9

'Green Envy' coneflower

Echinacea Green Envy coneflower
Marty Baldwin

Echinacea 'Green Envy' offers mauve-purple petals tipped in lime green. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 3-9

Harvest moon coneflower

harvest moon coneflower
David Speer

This cultivar of Echinacea 'Matthew Saul' blooms in bright orangey-yellow with a golden-orange cone. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 3-9

'Hot Papaya' coneflower

Hot papaya coneflower
Peter Krumhardt

Echinacea 'Hot Papaya' is a tall plant covered with large, lightly fragrant, bright orange double blooms. Zones 4-9

'Magnus' purple coneflower

detail of purple coneflower perennial bloom
David Speer

This selection of Echinacea purpurea blooms in bright rose with a brownish-red cone and petals that stand out rather than droop. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 3-9

Mango meadowbrite coneflower

Mango Meadowbrite coneflower
David Speer

Echinacea 'CBG Cone 3' offers peachy-yellow flowers with a slightly darker orange stem. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 3-9

Orange meadowbrite coneflower

orange meadowbrite coneflower
David Speer

Also sold as 'Art's Pride' coneflower, this selection of Echinacea blooms in bright orange with dark cones and grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 3-9

Pale purple coneflower

pale purple coneflower
Peter Krumhardt

Echinacea pallida is perfectly at home in a naturalized meadow and has pale pink straplike petals and a skyrocket central cone. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 4-8

'Tiki Torch' coneflower

'Tiki Torch' coneflower
Marty Baldwin

This Echinacea variety is a remarkable selection with bright orange fragrant flowers in summer and autumn. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 4-9

Purple coneflower

Purple coneflower
Bob Lenz

Echinacea purpurea offers mauve-purple flowers all summer on a 5-foot-tall, 2-foot-wide plant. Zones 3-9

Pixie meadowbrite coneflower

Pixie meadowbrite coneflower
Scott Little

Echinacea 'CBG Cone 2' has flat, pink, dark-eyed daisies on 18-inch-tall plants. It grows 2 feet tall wide. Zones 3-9

'Razzmatazz' coneflower

pink Echinacea Razzmatazz coneflower
David Speer

The first double coneflower on the market, 'Razzmatazz' features a cone composed of small purple petals instead of the usually bristled cone. Full sun will do best to help prevent this from flopping. Zones 3-9

Coneflower Companion Plants

Lamb's Ear

Lamb's ear plant
Stephen Cridland

Lamb's-ears is a top pick for a groundcover in a hot, baked spot. Its silver felted foliage quickly forms a dense, delightful mat. It also contrasts nicely with other foliage and most flowers. Depending on the type and your growing conditions, it may self-sow freely to the point of becoming a bother. In hot humid climates, lamb's-ears may "melt down" in summer, becoming brown and limp. A different but related plant, big betony is worth growing for its shade tolerance, dark green crumpled leaves, and bright purple spikes of whorled 1-inch flowers in late spring. Wood betony is similar but not as shade-tolerant.

Globe Thistle

purple globe thistle
Cynthia Haynes

Globe thistle is one of the most elegantly colored plants around. It has fantastical large blue balls of steel blue flowers in midsummer, which would be enough. But making it even more lovely are its large coarse grayish-green leaves, which set off the flower beautifully. If you can bear to separate them from the foliage, globe thistle makes a great cut flower, lasting for weeks in the vase. It also dries well. It's bothered by few pests or diseases. If it likes its conditions, it will reseed fairly readily. If you want to prevent this, deadhead flowers shortly after they fade.

Russian Sage

light purple full-sun russian sage perennial
Peter Krumhardt

With its tall wispy wands of lavender or blue flowers and silvery foliage, Russian sage is an important player in summer and fall gardens. It shows off well against most flowers and provides an elegant look to flower borders. The aromatic leaves are oblong and deeply cut along the edges. Foot-long panicles of flowers bloom for many weeks. Excellent drainage and full sun are ideal, although very light shade is tolerated. Plant close to avoid staking because the tall plants tend to flop.

Garden Plans for Coneflower

Butterfly Garden Plan

butterfly garden plan illustration
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Create a lush island butterfly garden bed of flowers that will bring beautiful fluttering insects to your garden.

Click here to download this plan!

Create Privacy in Your Yard

privacy garden plan
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Get tips for making your yard a private paradise from two hardcore gardeners who turned their corner landscape into a secluded retreat.

Get this garden plan now.

Sensational Summer Garden Plan

Sensational Summer Garden Plan
Illustration by Gary Palmer

These heat- and drought-tolerant plants will make your yard a shining star all summer long.

Download this garden plan!

Extra-Easy Sun-Loving Garden Plan

Extra-Easy Sun-Loving Garden Plan illustration
Illustration by Gary Palmer

Fill your garden with color from easy-care favorites such as purple coneflower and yarrow.

Click here to get this free plan now.

Prairie Garden

Prairie Garden plan
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Native plants help make this garden nearly foolproof.

Download this garden plan!

No-Fuss Sun-Loving Garden Plan

no-fuss sun-loving garden plan illustration
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

This garden stays looking great, no matter how hot the weather gets. Follow this garden plan for a low-maintenance bed with the best hot-weather plants.

Download this plan.

Beginner Garden for Full Sun

Privacy Garden
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

This easy-care, sun-loving design is a great introduction to perennial gardening.

Click here to download this plan now!

Easy Streetside Garden Plan

Easy Streetside Garden Plan illustration
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Turn your hell strip into a heavenly oasis of color and bloom with fuss-free native plants.

Get this free garden plan.

No-Fuss Bird and Butterfly Garden Plan

No-Fuss Bird and Butterfly Garden Plan Illustration
Illustration by Gary Palmer

Plant this collection of beautiful, easy-growing flowers and your yard is sure to be filled with birds and butterflies.

Click here to get this garden plan!

Easy-Care Summer Garden Plan

Easy-Care Summer Garden Plan
Illustration by Gary Palmer

Add this easy-growing collection of beautiful perennial flowers to your yard for big summer bang.

Get this plan now!

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