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ZZ Plant

Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Sporting leaves that appear to have been polished to a magnificent luster, ZZ plant adds a pop of interest to any setting. ZZ plant is also called arum fern, cardboard palm, eternity plant, and aroid palm.

Add ZZ plant to your indoor collection for an instant touch of horticultural glamour or use it as a bold interior decor piece in the center of a table or on a shelf. This easy-to-grow houseplant thrives in low light conditions, tolerating rooms that sport east- or north-facing windows with ease. With its shimmering appearance, ZZ plant makes a great gift and the perfect houseplant for even those friends who claim they can’t grow anything.

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Type:

Height:

1 to 3 feet

Width:

From 2 to 3 feet

Special Features:

ZZ Plant Appearance

Native to warm, arid, shaded landscapes in east Africa and South Africa, ZZ plant is right at home in dry interior settings. This houseplant has short stems. Its leaves often seem to emerge right from the underground rhizome. The leaflets are arranged alternately along the petiole.

Try one of these easy houseplant varieties in your home.

Slow to Grow

Many houseplants tolerate low light, but ZZ plant has exceptional tolerance. It is naturally a very slow-growing plant and when placed in a site that has limited natural light, it will seem to maintain its size and shape for months. In a growing spot with a few hours of bright light (avoid direct sunlight as it can harm foliage), ZZ plant should show visible growth over the course of a couple of months.

Find more houseplants for low-light here.

ZZ Plant Care Must-Knows

ZZ plant thrives when its soil can dry out between watering. Water the plant well, allowing excess water to thoroughly drain out of the bottom of the pot. Then test the soil before watering again. Sink your finger about an inch into the soil; if the soil is dry to the touch, water the plant well. If the soil is moist, check the plant again in a few weeks. In many interior settings, ZZ plant needs to be watered only every couple of weeks. Remember, drainage is essential. Be sure excess water can freely flow out of the pot.

ZZ plant grows well in any well-drained peat- or bark-based potting mix. It will grow in a nursery container for many months before requiring repotting. If you do need to repot, place the plant in a container that is only slightly larger than the container you are transferring it from. A sign that ZZ plant needs to move to a larger container is when the roots begin to circle around the inside of the container.

ZZ plant requires very little fertilizer. Apply a low-dose liquid fertilizer according to label directions twice a year. If you neglect to fertilize ZZ plant, it is very forgiving. Simply fertilize it when you remember and wait at least 6 months to fertilize again.

It is important to note that ZZ plant is considered poisonous to humans and pets if ingested. Keep it out of reach of children and pets.

Learn more about poisonous plants in the home.

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