One of the easiest houseplants to grow, pothos is a tough vining plant that grows in most conditions, including water or dry soil. It is a helpful plant as it is rated as one of the best houseplants for filtering the air of toxins.
With its showy foliage in glossy shades of green, gold, and white, pothos complements any home setting. It adds a welcome pop of color and brings a bit of nature indoors. While it seldom blossoms when planted in a container, pothos is popular for its heart-shape leaves. In most settings, these leaves may reach up to 4 inches long. When a pothos is planted outdoors in a tropical environment, it transforms into a plant that hardly seems like the indoor version. Once mature, the leaves are often erratically lobed and can reach sizes several feet long and wide. Larger plants grow by trees via trailing stems on the trunk that root at the base for support.
Pothos Care Must-Knows
For the best pothos, start with a good, moisture-retentive potting mix. While a pothos can tolerate just about any amount of water, it doesn't like water conditions to fluctuate. Ideally a pothos likes evenly moist soil that dries out slightly between watering. Try to avoid overwatering or allowing the soil to remain soggy. Give your pothos a low dose of fertilizer in spring and summer for a little boost, but keep it lean during the winter months.
Most pothos varieties prefer to grow in part sun or bright, indirect light. This yields the lushest plants and prevents them from looking scraggly. However, pothos plants can tolerate extremely low light; just plan on them needing regular training as the stems can become quite long and sparse. In direct, full sun, pothos are likely to burn and bleach out, causing unsightly foliage damage.
As a pothos continues to grow over the years, it tends to have poor branching and, more often than not, becomes a single, long vine. To get a nice compact little plant, pinch the longer stems to encourage branching from the base. If you have a very long stem already and no basal growth, you can easily start a new plant from a cutting. Simply cut off a piece with at least two leaf nodes and remove the bottom leaf. After three or four weeks, you will see a root beginning to grow just below the leaf. This little bump can be stuck straight into a pot of moist soil or a glass of water, and in a few weeks you will see a new shoot. Pinch this new shoot early to help encourage branching at the base.
More Varieties of Pothos
Epipremnum aureum is the most widely available form. Its medium green leaves are streaked with gold. Variegation may be less intense in low light.
'Marble Queen' pothos
This variety of Epipremnum aureum has heart-shape leaves heavily variegated with creamy white. It is slightly less vigorous than golden pothos.
Bright, acid green Epipremnum aureum adds a great pop of color in a dark space.
'Pearls and Jade' pothos
This variety of Epipremnum aureum is a smaller growing variety with random splashes of white, cream and grey.