Fruits

Fruits

Many gardeners believe that they cannot grow their own edible fruit. But many varieties -- blueberries, apples, pears, to name just three -- are remarkably hardy in a variety of climates, with harvest times in both summer and autumn. Still other fruits, such as limes and lemons, may be planted in the ground in warmer climates and in containers in cooler areas. Better yet, many modern-day edible fruit plants have dwarf varieties, meaning they can co-exist in a garden with fruits, shrubs, and other plants. To help you choose the edible fruits that work best for your needs and landscape, use the information in the Better Homes and Gardens Plant Encyclopedia. Research details on each edible fruit, including sun requirements, USDA Hardiness Zones, and growing patterns. You may also search based on common or scientific name, the best spots for the edible fruit plants to grow, and any concerns or characteristics that may need additional attention. View a list of fruits by common name or scientific name below.

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18 Fruits
Apple, Malus
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 3 to 20 feet or more
Zones:
3-10
Type:
Fruit, Tree

Apple is the most widely adapted of all temperate-zone fruit trees. A copious producer if it's planted in full sun and well-drained soil, a mature tree will supply several families with bushels of fruit. Many cultivars have chilling requirements that must be met for fruits to develop properly. Choose a cultivar that will thrive in your climate. Also, plant two or more cultivars that bloom at the same time to ensure cross-pollination and a variety of fruits, or choose a self-pollinating cultivar if you have room for just one tree.

Blackberry, Rubus spp.
Light:
Part Sun, Sun
Height:
From 3 to 20 feet
Zones:
5-9
Type:
Fruit, Vine

Blackberries are delicious, nutrient-rich, and relatively easy to grow—making them perfect additions to your home garden or landscape. Even though they bear thorns, the canes are attractive with lush green foliage, white blushing, and charming white flowers.

Most varieties get relatively large, so be sure you have room for them before planting. There are two distinct types of blackberries: trailing and erect. Trailing blackberry (also called dewberry) is grown mainly in the South. This type needs to be supported by a trellis, fence, or arbor to keep it up and off the ground. Erect blackberry is a hardy, stiff-caned plant that may or may not need support depending upon the variety. You can also find blackberry varieties with and without thorns.

Because blackberry is a big, vigorous plant, it’s well-suited to grow in a patch by itself. This is especially true for trailing blackberry varieties with stems that reach 10 feet long or more and need support. Thorny blackberry can serve as a fence or physical barrier when grown around the edges of a property line. Avoid planting it near driveways or walkways, however. If you don’t have the right place to plant blackberry in the ground, consider growing it in a large container to control its vigorous growth.

Blueberry, Vaccinium
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 1 to 8 feet
Zones:
3-9
Type:
Fruit, Shrub

Tasty blue fruits and vibrant fall foliage make blueberry plants landscape all-stars. Call on this plant to create a multitasking hedge. Add several blueberries to a shrub border as a colorful, fruitful planting partner. Plant breeders have selected many new varieties that thrive in containers, producing patio-side fruit that is just as sweet and delectable as the fruit grown on 8-foot-tall shrubs.

Cherry, Prunus spp.
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 8 to 20 feet or more
Zones:
5-8
Type:
Fruit, Tree

A plump, juicy cherry is a luxurious treat—for humans and wildlife alike. Whether you grow sweet or sour cherries, plan to share. This is usually not a problem—a mature tree produces more fruit than a typical family can consume. When choosing a cherry variety, select one that is disease-resistant, grows to the right size for your space, and is adapted to your local conditions. The smaller the tree, the easier it will be to harvest the fruit.

Cherries come in two main categories—sweet and sour. Sweet cherries grow well in the coast valleys of California, near the Great Lakes, and in the Northwest. They thrive where winters and summers are mild. Sweet cherries require a pollinator, so be sure to plant two varieties. Sour (or pie) cherries are easy to grow for most home gardeners. The hardy plants are adaptable and self-fertile—you need only one plant for fruit set.

Fig, Ficus carica
Light:
Sun
Height:
8 to 20 feet
Zones:
6-9
Type:
Fruit, Shrub

Figs often fetch high prices at the grocery store or farmer’s market, but it’s easier than you may think to grow your own—if you live in the right climate and have room for one or more of these shrubs. A large fig can produce plenty of fruit, giving you enough to enjoy along with leftovers to share with friends and neighbors.

Because they can grow into relatively large shrubs, figs can help provide privacy or create a visual screen with their dark green foliage.

 

Fuchsia Flowering Gooseberry, Ribes speciosum
Light:
Part Sun, Shade, Sun
Height:
From 3 to 20 feet
Zones:
9-10
Type:
Fruit, Shrub

Both you and the hummingbirds will love this easy-to-grow shrub -- as long as you don't have to get too close to it. Sharp spines line the stems and fruits of fuchsia flowering gooseberry. Plant it in a mixed border, away from a walkway or entry. Or tuck it in the back of a border where you can enjoy its flowers and fruit from a distance. The brilliant red fruits dangle like jewels from the stems for weeks. Its red, fuchsialike flowers bloom January through May in temperate climates and attract hummingbirds.

Fuchsia flowering gooseberry grows best in part shade or shade. It does not tolerate reflected heat well and grows best in a planting area that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. It will grow in a variety of soils and will remain evergreen when watered regularly during the summer.

Grape, Vitis spp.
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 3 to 20 feet
Zones:
4-10
Type:
Fruit, Vine

One of the oldest cultivated crops, grapes have been grown for its fruit that we eat fresh or dried or process into jam, jelly, juice, or wine. Choose varieties that are hardy and well-suited to your area. The long-lived vines require annual maintenance and a few years to come into full production, but the investment of time and care produces results that surpass any supermarket offering.

Lemon, Citrus limon
Light:
Sun
Height:
8 to 20 feet
Zones:
9-11
Type:
Fruit, Tree

Productive, fragrant, and beautiful, lemon trees thrive in regions that have a climate similar to the Mediterranean—warm, dry summers with cool winters and little humidity. One lemon tree can produce bushels of fruit. Do you live in a cold climate? Enjoy the beauty and occasional fruit set of a lemon tree by growing one in a pot. Place the potted lemon tree outside in late May to encourage fertilization; bring it back indoors to a bright, sunny location in winter.

Lime, Citrus aurantiifolia
Light:
Sun
Height:
Under 6 inches to 20 feet
Zones:
10-11
Type:
Fruit, Tree

Famous for adding a tropical taste to pies, margaritas, and other tasty foods, limes produce flavor-packed green fruits on a small, thorny, evergreen tree. The flowers are lightly fragrant compared to other citrus, but still add ambiance to the landscape in spring when the trees bloom. Limes grows best in a sunny spot with sandy or well-drained soil with a regular supply of moisture.

Gardeners can grow dwarf varieties indoors in cold-weather climates. As houseplants, limes like a very bright spot protected from hot or cold drafts. Allow the soil to dry somewhat between watering.

Loquat Tree, Eriobotrya japonica
Light:
Part Sun, Sun
Height:
20 feet or more
Zones:
7-10
Type:
Fruit, Tree

Glossy green leaves, sweetly fragrant flowers, and delicious fruit make loquat an all-star small tree. Grow it in the landscape, or plant it in a container to grow the tree as a patio plant. In the landscape, loquat grows to about 20 feet tall and has a round form. Its large leaves give it an unusual tropical texture. Loquats' fragrant flowers debut in fall. The autumn bloom is a welcome addition when many other plants are resting after a long season of flower production. The sweet, juicy fruits ripen in spring. Bees and wasps are attracted to fallen loquats. Plant the tree away from outdoor living areas to avoid these insects.

Loquats grow best in full sun and well-drained soil. After establishing a strong root system, the trees tolerate dry conditions.

Nectarine, Prunus persica nucipersica
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 3 to 20 feet
Zones:
5-8
Type:
Fruit, Tree

A nectarine is simply a fuzzless peach. Sweet and juicy, nectarines do not store for long periods of time, but they are especially flavorful and tasty when harvested right outside your back door. Choose a dwarf cultivar or prune trees regularly to maintain small trees for easy harvest.

Orange, Citrus spp.
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 8 to 20 feet or more
Zones:
8-11
Type:
Fruit, Shrub, Tree

Orange trees are a popular selection for gardeners in citrus-friendly climates. While grapefruits, mandarins, and acid fruits are also favored, sweet and juicy oranges are the most popular. In addition to producing tasty fruit, the trees have ornamental value, too. When in bloom they will perfume a landscape and a well-maintained tree makes a striking focal point. Plant an orange tree where it can be enjoyed from outdoor living spaces but far enough removed that any falling fruit will not create a messy problem.

Pawpaw, Asimina triloba
Light:
Part Sun, Sun
Height:
From 8 to 20 feet or more
Zones:
5-9
Type:
Fruit, Tree

With the newly intensified interest in edible landscaping, experienced gardeners are welcoming the revival of the pawpaw, an almost-tropical-looking 25-foot-tall landscape tree with foot-long leaves. This pyramidal tree bears half-pound fruit the consistency of creamy custard with a taste somewhere between strawberry and banana. Its winter hardiness is still being debated, but since the pawpaw is sometimes called the Michigan banana, rest assured it will make it through 15 degrees F. below. Some pawpaw pioneers say minus 15 degrees F. is a cakewalk for this broad-leafed deciduous tree and swear it will take more bone-chilling cold. Grow it in sun or part shade. You might try two different varieties because you need two trees to bear fruit.

Peach, Prunus perscia
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 3 to 20 feet
Zones:
5-8
Type:
Fruit, Tree

The sweetest and juiciest peach you’ll ever taste can be picked from your own tree. When harvested at the peak of ripeness, backyard peaches are loaded with the sweet gifts of nature with no concern about shelf-stability or long transports. There are many easy-to-grow peach varieties. Grow your own with these simple tips.

Pear, Pyrus communis
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 8 to 20 feet or more
Zones:
3-8
Type:
Fruit, Tree

Pears are among the easiest and most attractive fruit trees for the home landscape. Lovely even in winter, pears are easy to prune and can be trained into a formal or informal appearance. For small landscapes and easy harvest, choose a dwarf cultivar.

These productive trees yield bushels of succulent fruits. Many pears need a pollinizer. Use any other pear. Be sure to select a self-fruitful type if you have space for only one tree.

Plum, Prunus_ spp.
Light:
Sun
Height:
From 8 to 20 feet or more
Zones:
2-9
Type:
Fruit, Tree

Of all the stone fruits, plums are some of the most varied. They range from hardy little cherry plums and sand cherries to hybrids with the hardiness of natives, sweet European plums, and sweet or tart Japanese plums. Grow several different species and have fun comparing the fruits' taste and texture. You'll be surprised by the diversity. Plums are relatively easy to grow and the trees are a pleasing shape in the landscape.

Raspberry, Rubus
Light:
Sun
Height:
3 to 8 feet
Zones:
3-9
Type:
Fruit

Raspberries are an especially rewarding fruit to grow. They’re delightfully delicious, packed with nutrients and antioxidants, and easy to take care of. Plus, it’s so much easier to head out to the backyard for fresh fruit than running to the grocery store.

When planning for raspberries, it’s important to make sure you have a roomy spot. They can get relatively large—so be sure you allow for them to grow and spread. It’s also key to decide what type you want. Red, gold, and black varieties are available, and you can get everbearing (also called fall-bearing) or June-bearing types. Everbearing raspberries produce fruit over a longer period in late summer and fall; June-bearing types produce a heavy crop all at once in early summer.

 

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