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Daffodil, Triandrus Types
Triandrus daffodils, also known as Angel’s Tears, usually display two or more showy flowers per stem. The distinguishing feature of the flowers is their petals, which flare backward and bend down at the neck. This contortionist move makes the cup (or trumpet) all the more conspicuous. Most daffodils in this group are sweetly scented and appear in shades of white and yellow.
Plant them (at least six at a time) in beds, borders, containers, beneath deciduous trees, in rock gardens or cottage gardens, or in naturalized areas for the best displays. Drifts of these daffodils are spectacular. Long-lived and slowly spreading when planted in bright light and well-drained soil, Triandrus daffodils are a garden investment that pays floral dividends for decades.
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Part Sun, Sun
From 6 inches to 3 feet
Planting Partners for Triandrus Daffodils
Since most Triandrus daffodils bloom in mid-spring—the same time that early season tulips bloom—suitable plant pairings include species tulips and elegant Greigii tulips known for their mottled foliage. Plant petite grape hyacinth, Iris reticulata, crocus, and scilla at the base of tall Triandrus daffodils for a color show that extends from ground level to about 18 inches. These daffodils are also excellent choices for nestling among perennials because they often pop up before the perennials rise in spring. When the daffodil foliage begins to yellow and fade, the perennial foliage takes center stage and masks decaying leaves.
Growing Triandrus Daffodils
Grow these daffodils in full sun or part shade and moist, well-drained soil. They tolerate shade and heavy, damp soil better than other daffodils do. Improve poorly drained soil before planting the bulbs, or plant your daffodils in raised beds where you control the soil mixture. Daffodils grow best when surrounded by dry soil in summer, so skip the irrigated landscape beds.
Aim for a planting spot that receives at least 6 hours of sun a day—which may include the ground beneath the canopy of deciduous trees. Daffodil growth is nearly completed before deciduous trees leaf out in spring, which makes planting under the canopy of such trees possible. Bulbs planted under trees may require additional watering as tree roots can rob soil of moisture.
Plant daffodils in fall after the soil has cooled slightly but before cold weather sets in and the soil freezes. Plant daffodils so the base of the bulb is 6 to 8 inches below the soil surface (shoot for two to three times as deep as the bulb is long). Space individual bulbs 6 to 12 inches apart. Make quick work of planting drifts of bulbs by digging a large trench and scattering several bulbs in the planting hole. Cover newly planted bulbs with a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch to prevent weeds and keep soil temperature uniform.
When daffodils finish flowering, the leaves go to work producing food and flowers for the following year. Although it is tempting to snip away daffodil foliage as it yellows, allow it to stand for about eight weeks after the plant blooms. At that point, pull up the loose and withered foliage and toss it in the compost pile.