This bulbous plant will produce stunning blooms in a variety of colors, and sometimes they are even sweetly scented.

Lily Overview

Description Boasting some of the brightest and biggest petals in the plant kingdom, not to mention potent perfumes, lilies unfold their gorgeous blooms from early summer to early fall. There are several types to choose from, including Asiatic, the enticingly fragrant Oriental, and longiflora hybrids. Each offers an array of colors and forms.
Genus Name Lilium
Common Name Lily
Plant Type Bulb
Light Part Sun, Sun
Height 1 to 3 feet
Width null to 12 inches
Flower Color Blue, Orange, Pink, Red, White
Foliage Color Blue/Green
Season Features Summer Bloom
Special Features Attracts Birds, Cut Flowers, Fragrance, Low Maintenance
Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Propagation Division, Seed

Planting Lilies

Lilies look at home in all areas of the landscape. Plant them near an entryway or patio to enjoy their beauty and fragrance. Add a group of eight to 10 bulbs to a border for a dramatic midsummer display. To stage a lily show all summer, grow some of each type, including Asiatic, which starts blooming in June; the late-blooming, extremely fragrant Oriental; and longiflorum hybrids that provide color in between the other bloom times.

Pair lilies with spring- and early-summer-blooming plants such as peonies, catmint, Siberian iris, spiderwort, and shrub roses. Call on purple coneflower, black-eyed Susan, and Russian sage to pick up blooming when lilies fade. When planting lilies alongside companions, plant the bulbs in drifts of five or more bulbs of a single variety. Avoid mixing lily cultivars or the scene will take on a chaotic, busy appearance.

Lily Care Must-Knows

Plant bulbs in spring or fall when the soil is cool. Choose a spot that receives full sun or part shade and has well-drained soil. Lilies will tolerate extended dry periods once established, but they will rot in soggy soil.

Plant each bulb about 6 inches deep with its pointed tip facing up and its roots in contact with the soil at the bottom of the planting hole. For quick and easy planting, dig a large trench and plant several bulbs together, spacing the bulbs 6 inches apart. Cover the trench with soil and water well. In Zones 5 and below, cover fall-planted bulbs with a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch to protect them from temperature extremes.

Some lilies become top-heavy when in bloom. Stake tall lily varieties early in the season to prevent damaging plants as you work in the garden. Use garden twine to tie the stem to a bamboo stake in the soil near the bulb.

Pests occasionally bother lilies. Deer will eat young foliage and blossoms. Rabbits will eat young plants. On the East Coast, bright red lily beetles are becoming a problem. Treat the soil around the plants to control larvae, or pick the adult beetles off blooms to prevent damaged petals. Japanese beetles will disfigure lily flowers shortly after they open.

More Varieties of Lily

'Catherine Laburi' Asiatic Lily

'Catherine Laburi' Asiatic lily
Peter Krumhardt

Lilium 'Catherine Laburi' is an Asiatic type with soft peach trumpet flowers that flaunt deeper salmon-color throats. It grows 2 feet tall. Zones 3–8

'Enchantment' Asiatic Lily

'Enchantment' Asiatic lily
Guy Hurka

Lilium 'Enchantment' bears brilliant orange trumpets speckled in red. It grows 3 feet tall. Zones 3–8

'Connecticut King' Asiatic Lily

'Connecticut King' Asiatic lily
Mike Jensen

Lilium 'Connecticut King' features orange-yellow flowers that open in bunches in midsummer above lush foliage. It grows 3 feet high. Zones 3–8

'Centerfold' Asiatic Lily

'Centerfold' Asiatic lily
Peter Krumhardt

This lily variety sports unique maroon crosshatching in its white flower centers. It grows 3 feet tall. Zones 3–8

'King Pete' Asiatic Lily

'King Pete' Asiatic lily
Greg Ryan

This cultivar blooms in midsummer with cream-color flowers that are speckled in orange. It grows 3 feet tall. Zones 3–8

Lilium speciosum

Lilium speciosum
Helen Norman Photography

This type of lily has pink to red flowers that dangle from the stems. It grows 66 inches tall. Zones 4–8

'Dani Arifin' Lily

'Dani Arifin' lily
Marty Baldwin

This variety is a dramatic hybrid between an easy-growing Asiatic lily and an Easter lily. It offers large antique-rose flowers in early summer and grows 32 inches tall. Zones 4–8

Lilium pumilum

Lilium pumilum
Greg Scheidemann Pictures

Lilium pumilum is a wild lily that bears clusters of cardinal-red capped flowers splotched with yellow that dangle from tall stems in late spring. It grows 22 inches tall. Zones 3–8

Lilium speciosum var. album

Lilium speciosum var. album
Marty Baldwin

Lilium speciosum var. album shows off pure-white flowers with strongly reflexed petals. It grows 66 inches tall. Zones 4–8

'Muscadet' Oriental Lily

'Muscadet' Oriental lily
Janet Mesic Mackie

This variety has strongly fragrant white flowers speckled and blushed with pink. It blooms in August and grows 5 feet tall. Zones 5–8

Martagon Lily

Martagon lily
Matthew Benson Photography

This cultivar is a wild-type lily that bears clusters of pink or red-purple flowers with strongly reflexed petals. It does best in moist, well-drained soil and appreciates part shade in hot-summer climates. It grows 6 feet tall. Zones 3–7

'Montreaux' Asiatic Lily

'Montreaux' Asiatic lily
George Chappell

Lilium 'Montreaux' sports coral-pink blooms that open in midsummer on plants that grow 4 feet tall. Zones 3–8

'Nove Cento' Asiatic Lily

'Nove Cento' Asiatic lily
Marty Baldwin

Lilium 'Nove Cento' bears bright yellow flowers lightly spotted in brown. It grows 32 inches tall. Zones 3–9

'Purple Rain' Asiatic Lily

'Purple Rain' Asiatic lily
Marty Baldwin

This cultivar shows off white flowers that have a rich burgundy-purple brush mark at the base of each petal. It grows 32 inches tall. Zones 3–9

'Satin Slippers' Asiatic Lily

'Satin Slippers' Asiatic lily
Marty Baldwin

Lilium 'Satin Slippers' rewards gardeners in early summer with a show of soft-pink blooms with recurved petals. It grows 32 inches tall. Zones 3–9

'Vivaldi' Asiatic Lily

'Vivaldi' Asiatic lily
Marty Baldwin

This variety presents wonderful soft-rose blooms that blend well with a wide range of colors. It grows 3 feet tall. Zones 3–8

'Star Gazer' Oriental Lily

'Star Gazer' Oriental lily
Jon Jensen

This cultivar is one of the world's most popular lily varieties. It bedazzles gardeners with bunches of perfumed, speckled magenta trumpets edged in white. This classic hybrid lily blooms in late summer. It grows to 3 feet tall. Zones 4–8

Garden Plans for Lily

Along a Path Garden Plan

Path Garden Plan
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Add interest and texture to any winding walkway with this garden plan.

Click here to get this garden plan!

Long-Blooming Rock Garden Plan

long-blooming rock garden plan illustration
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

This colorful rock garden is designed around a couple of very large boulders, but could easily be adapted to any rock garden setting.

Summer-Blooming Front-Yard Cottage Garden Plan

Illustration of garden plan
Illustration by Helen Smythe

Create charm and curb appeal in your front yard with this lush, beautiful cottage garden plan.

Download this plan!

Drought-Tolerant Garden Plan

garden outside tan house with fountain
Peter Krumhardt

This informal mixed garden bed features drought-tolerant trees, evergreen shrubs, perennials, and annuals.

Click here to download this plan.

Foolproof Foundation Garden Plan

Foolproof Foundation garden plan
Rick Taylor

Dress up the front of your home with this interesting combination of plants.

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Bold Woodland Garden Plan

bold woodland garden plan illustration
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Add a bright dose of color to a spot under a canopy of tree leaves.

Download this garden plan.

English-Style Front-Yard Garden Plan

English-Style Front Yard Garden Plan
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Give your home a welcoming feel with an exuberant cottage garden in the front yard.

Click here to get this plan!

Heat-Loving Garden Plan

Heat-Loving Garden Plan
Illustration by Mavis Augustine Torke

Create a stylish garden that looks good all summer with this super-simple garden plan.

Download this garden plan.

Hot-Summer Garden Plan

Sunny Summer Garden
Illustration Illustration by Gary Palmer

Maintenance is a breeze with this heat-resistant, high-color garden plan. Follow our guide to get the look in your green space.

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