Snapdragon

This classic cool-season annual blooms during spring and fall.

In This Article
View All
In This Article

A classic annual, snapdragons have been grown for generations. This cool-season annual's flowers fit right in with pansies and violas and look good in mixed containers or cut for bouquets. Not only are they appreciated by humans for their bright, cheery colors, but they are also an important nectar plant for the bumblebee.

Snapdragon Overview

Genus Name Antirrhinum majus
Common Name Snapdragon
Plant Type Annual
Light Part Sun, Sun
Height 1 to 3 feet
Width 6 to 18 inches
Flower Color Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow
Foliage Color Blue/Green
Season Features Fall Bloom, Spring Bloom, Summer Bloom, Winter Bloom
Special Features Cut Flowers, Good for Containers, Low Maintenance
Zones 10, 7, 8, 9
Propagation Seed

Colorful Combinations

Snapdragons are one of the few flowers that come in almost every color. As a result, they make a great addition to any garden, even in the winter in regions where it doesn't freeze.

Snapdragon Care Must-Knows

Snapdragons are one of the first flowering plants you can set out in spring. These plants stand up to the cold and will keep up a blooming show. Whether it's early spring, late fall, or even midwinter in Southern climates, snapdragons are happy to keep blooming.

Snapdragons often don't handle summer heat well, especially in Southern climates. In those locations, plan on storing them indoors, as they'll stop blooming in the heat and may not make it through the season outside. Then, once cool fall nights arrive, they can be happily replanted.

For the best show, give them as much sun as possible. But provide shelter from the hot afternoon sun. Plants are more susceptible to foliar diseases like rusts and powdery mildew in the shade, so make sure to space them properly and keep foliage dry.

Some old-fashioned varieties of snapdragons can be pretty tall, especially those bred for cut-flower production. With large types, give young plants a good pinch to encourage bushy growth and prevent too much flopping due to the snapdragons' height.

Once the plants have put on their first significant set of blooms, keep plants deadheaded to encourage more blooms. If it seems like the plants aren't growing many more buds, it's sometimes beneficial to cut back the plants and add a dose of fertilizer. This will kick production into gear for another growth spurt.

New Innovations

It seems there are always new varieties on the market. Lately, a slew of varieties with variegated foliage, dwarf habits, improved heat and disease tolerance have been developed (just to name a few). There are also new flower forms with interesting patterns, open-face blooms, and double blossoms.

More Varieties of Snapdragon

'Butterfly Bronze' snapdragon

Butterfly Bronze Snapdragon
Lynn Karlin

Antirrhinum 'Bronze Butterfly' bears open-faced, golden-orange flowers on 3-foot-tall plants. Zones 7-10

'Rocket Red' snapdragon

Rocket Red Snapdragon
Edward Gohlich

Antirrhinum 'Rocket Red' bears crimson-red flowers on 3-foot-tall stems. Zones 7-10

'Solstice Yellow' snapdragon

Solstice Yellow Snapdragon
Guy Hurka

Antirrhinum 'Solstice Yellow' bears spikes of golden-yellow flowers on 2-foot-tall plants. Zones 7-10

'Sonnet Pink' snapdragon

Sonnet Pink Snapdragon
Rick Taylor

Antirrhinum 'Sonnet Pink' bears soft pink flowers on 2-foot-tall plants. Zones 7-10

Snapdragon Companion Plants

Licorice Plant

Limelight licorice plant Helichrysum petiolare
Peter Krumhardt

Elegant, silvery licorice plant is so useful to set off flowers in blue, white, purple, and other colors and to add contrast to plantings where you want more than just a mass of green. It's especially good in containers, where you can admire it up close and show off its spreading habit to best effect. Technically a tropical shrub, licorice plant is usually grown as an annual in the United States. It does best in full sun and well-drained soil.

Petunia

merlin blue morn petunia
Peter Krumhardt

Petunias are failproof favorites for gardeners everywhere. They are vigorous growers and prolific bloomers from midspring through late fall. Color choices are nearly limitless, with some sporting beautiful veining and intriguing colors. Many varieties are sweetly fragrant (sniff blooms in the garden center to be sure.) Some also tout themselves as "weatherproof," which means that the flowers don't close up when water is splashed on them. Wave petunias have made this plant even more popular. Reaching up to 4 feet long, it's great as a groundcover or when cascading from window boxes and pots. All petunias do best and grow more bushy and full if you pinch or cut them back by one- to two-thirds in midsummer.

Salvia, Sage

salvia farinacea mexican bush sage

There are few gardens that don't have at least one salvia growing in them. Whether you have sun or shade, a dry garden or lots of rainfall, there's an annual salvia that you'll find indispensable. All attract hummingbirds, especially the red ones, and are great picks for hot, dry sites where you want tons of color all season. Most salvias don't like cool weather, so plant them outdoors after all danger of frost has passed.

Was this page helpful?
Related Articles