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Annual toadflax is a colorful cool-season annual. Its lacy foliage is topped with snapdragonlike flowers that attract pollinators such as butterflies and bees. The flowers, in cheerful shades of purple, magenta, and yellow, are great additions to spring bouquets.
Easy to grow from seed or transplants, annual toadflax is a popular addition to early-season containers. Pair it with pansies for a brilliant color show. It is also spectacular as a mass planting in a garden. In cool regions, annual toadflax will bloom well into summer. In warm regions it will fade and eventually die in the heat of summer. Replant it in late summer for flowers in fall. Deer usually steer clear of annual toadflax.
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Part Sun, Sun
Under 6 inches to 3 feet
Up to 1 foot
Annual toadflax is not usually eaten by deer. In areas with lots of deer, plants such as annual toadflax, daffodils, scilla, crocus, and camassia, make it possible to have a colorful spring garden. Often plants with intense fragrance or texture-rich foliage, such as wooly leaves, are unattractive to deer and they'll bypass the plant. Check with friends and neighbors to learn about deer resistant plants in your area.
Annual Toadflax Care Must-Knows
Annual toadflax thrives in full sun and evenly moist, well-drained soil. In areas with hot summers, select a planting site that receives afternoon shade to help the plant continue flowering as hot weather begins. Cut plants back after flowering to encourage a second flush of flowers. In hot regions, remove annual toadflax when flowers begin to fade. Replace it with hot-weather-loving annuals such as marigolds, geraniums, or calibrachoa.
Crisp, cool days of early spring are prime time for annual toadflax. Because its season is short, it's a good idea to start with small plants from the garden center. If seeded directly in the ground in regions with warm summers, annual toadflax often will not begin flowering before the heat sets in.