The allium, a member of the onion family, is an unmistakable perennial with large, spherical flowers. Despite its showy blooms and easy care, alliums are often underutilized. Here's how to grow these beautiful bulbs in your garden, along with several varieties to know.
Plant allium bulbs in the fall as you would any other bulb. Don't be alarmed when they don't bloom right away: They're early summer-flowering plants. Alliums should be planted in part to full sun in well-draining soil. Allow foliage to die down before trimming. These plants usually naturalize easily and will return bigger and more vibrant each year. The allium is hardy, too–deer resistant and tolerant to drought.
Alliums come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from tiny 1-inch round heads to flowers nearly 1 foot across and varying heights up to 6 feet tall. Colors include shades of blue, pink, purple, white, and yellow. Allium giganteum, 'Globemaster' and Allium aflatunense 'Purple Sensation' are popular varieties for their large flowers.
More notable varieties of eye-catching allium include:
Alliums make excellent cut flowers that last up to two weeks. Rather than deadheading this bulb, many choose to leave the dried flower standing for visual interest. You can also use them in a dried arrangement or spray paint the seed heads to display as garden ornaments.