Painting a room is a time-intensive chore. But you'll find that paint goes on better and operations run more smoothly when you put in time upfront to prep the room. The three key steps are to start with a clean slate, allow plenty of elbow room, and create perfectly patched surfaces. These painting preparation steps will help you efficiently ready any room so that you can successfully complete every interior painting job you tackle. You'll be thrilled with the results of your painting labors.
Clear the Way for Painting
Before you paint your room, empty the space of as many furnishings as you can. Push the remaining furniture pieces to the center of the room; cover the furniture with drop cloths to protect them from paint splatters. Remove pictures (and hanging hardware), light fixtures, ceiling fan blades, switchplates, outlet covers, window treatments, and area rugs.
If you're painting doors, remove knobs and locksets; tape the appropriate screws to the backs of switchplates and outlet covers and store in a covered plastic container or resealable bag. Label any other hardware pieces that go with other items removed from the space so they don't get lost during painting preparations. If you must leave ceiling fixtures or wall sconces in place, protect them with a plastic bag secured in place with tape.
Even Painting Surfaces
Scrape off peeling or loose paint with a plastic putty knife; use 220-grit sandpaper to sand scraped areas so they are level with surrounding surfaces. Use a toothbrush or small wire brush to remove debris from nail holes, cracks, and larger fissures. Patch smaller cracks and holes with lightweight spackling compound. Press the spackling compound across surface imperfections with a putty knife, making sure spackle fills the holes or cracks. Let dry and sand smooth. For larger holes, use drywall patching kits. Painting woodwork? Caulk gaps between trim and walls and fill nail holes with wood putty. Let dry and sand as needed. If you're applying low-gloss paint to high-sheen surfaces, sand walls and ceilings to scuff up the old paint so the new paint adheres. Wipe all sanded areas with a clean cloth.
Do a Clean Sweep
Give the room to be painted a thorough dusting and cleaning so that nary a dust ball, dog hair, or cobweb gets stuck in freshly applied paint. Attach a towel to a broom head with a rubber band or use a dust mop to remove dust, webs, and sanding debris from walls, ceiling, baseboards, and window trim. Use a mix of mild detergent or trisodium phosphate and water to spot-clean oily stains on walls. Prepare hardworking rooms, such as kitchens and bathrooms, for paint by washing the ceilings and walls to get rid of grease, oily residue, and mildew. Rinse all cleaned surfaces with water. Let dry before painting. Vacuum carpeting and floors.
Set Up a Work Station
Contain painting mess in one area as much as possible to ensure wet paint doesn't travel into adjacent rooms. Find a place within the room you'll be painting (or in a nearby space) to set up a sturdy table to hold paint, roller trays, rollers, and brushes (remember to stock plenty of dry and damp rags so you can quickly wipe up paint spills). Position a step stool or step ladder; you'll need it for taping and painting.
Tape and Protect
Paint preparations include masking off areas and things you don't want to paint. Buy different widths of painter's tape so you'll be ready to take on every taping task. Place wide strips of painter's tape over coverless electrical receptacles, switches, and outlets. Cover recessed light fixtures with pieces of painter's tape. If you're painting the ceiling a different color than the wall or just leaving it as is, apply masking tape around the edges of the ceiling. Mask off window trim, baseboards, fireplace mantels, and built-in bookcases. Press tape firmly to surfaces using your fingers or a plastic putty knife; seal tape edges to prevent paint from seeping under the tape.
Put Final Safeguards in Place
Buy enough drop cloths to cover the entire floor and any furniture left in the space. Ideally, you don't want to have to move drop cloths as you paint your way around a room. Any time you move a cloth, you risk transferring wet paint splatters from the cloth to carpeting, flooring, or nearby surfaces. When choosing drop cloths meant to protect carpeting or flooring, opt for heavy duty canvas or cloths that are lined or backed with a plastic coating. Lined drop cloths won't allow paint to leak through to surfaces below. Although slippery underfoot, plastic drop cloths are a good and cheap option for protecting windows and built-ins from paint that might splash downward when you're rolling paint onto a ceiling.
Once you've cleaned, patched, protected, and put proper preparations in place, you're ready to tackle the easiest part of the job: the painting. You'll happily realize that painting jobs go much faster after a room is properly prepped for painting.