How to Stuff & Roast a Turkey
Roasting a turkey is simple when you know all the secrets. Here, we walk you through the process, step-by-step.
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The ideal roast turkey is succulent and juicy, covered in a crispy, golden-brown skin. The first step to a turkey your crowd will love is choosing the right bird. When you're buying your turkey, allow for one to one and a half pounds of turkey per person. That amount will leave enough for leftovers, too.
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Thaw the Turkey
Start by thawing the bird in the refrigerator. Allow 24 hours thawing time for every four pounds of bird. That means a 12-pound turkey takes three days to thaw, but we recommend allowing an extra day to make sure it thaws completely. It's safe to keep a thawed bird in the fridge a day or two before roasting. If you find your turkey is still frozen Thanksgiving morning, place the still-wrapped turkey in a clean sink filled with cold water. Change the water every 30 minutes until the turkey is thawed. Do not thaw the bird at room temperature or in warm water.
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Find the Giblets
Remove the giblets -- the turkey¿s heart, liver, and gizzard -- which are tucked inside the neck or body cavity. Discard, or use to make broth for gravy (we give directions a little later on). If you are stuffing the bird, plan about 3/4 cup of stuffing per pound of poultry.
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Dry the Turkey
Blot the inside of the turkey dry with paper towels. It's not necessary to rinse the bird, but if you do, dry thoroughly once you¿re through.
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Prep the Turkey
With a pair of kitchen shears, cut away and discard extra fat around the opening of the turkey cavity. This will help you cook a nicer-looking bird.
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If you stuff your turkey, start with the neck cavity -- it makes the next steps easier.
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Close the Neck
Thread a bamboo or steel skewer through the neck skin to seal the cavity closed. This keeps the stuffing from falling out of the bird as you handle it.
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Next, stuff the main cavity of the turkey, but stuff loosely so the stuffing will have room to expand as the bird roasts.
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Tuck the Wings
Fold the tips of the turkey wings under the back to make a stable base for the bird to rest on. This also helps the turkey to roast evenly.
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Prepare to Tie the Bird
Here's a trussing trick we just learned that will help you serve a great-looking turkey: Start off by pushing the turkey drumsticks up and back toward the tail.
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Tie the Tail
Next, loop a 24-inch piece of 100 percent cotton kitchen twine around the tail and cross so it makes an X.
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Tie the Drumsticks
Then, bring the twine up around the outside ends of the drumsticks
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Finish Tying the Drumsticks
Finally, tie the twine together, allowing the drumsticks to rest one atop the other. If you prefer not to tie the legs together with kitchen twine, you can also use a leg clamp to keep the drumsticks together.
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Choose the Right Roasting Rack
Flat racks are best because they'll flatten the back of the turkey as it roasts; that way it won't roll while you're carving. Use a shallow pan -- if the sides are higher than 2 inches they'll act as a heat shield and prevent turkey thighs from cooking evenly.
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Prepare for Roasting
Place the oven rack on its lowest position and then preheat oven. Use our roasting chart to determine cooking times. While the oven is preheating, place the turkey (breast side up) on a rack in a shallow roasting pan. Insert a meat thermometer in the thickest part of the thigh.
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When your oven reaches the correct temperature, brush the bird with cooking oil, sprinkle with salt and pepper, cover loosely with foil, and roast.
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Separate the Drumsticks
After two-thirds of cooking time, cut the string between the drumsticks or remove the clamp. This is why we prefer to tie our legs with twine, one snip and it's done! Remove the foil tent during the last 30 to 45 minutes of cooking to create a crisp, golden skin.
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Cook the Giblets
Want to use the giblets to make the broth for gravy? Once you've got the turkey in the oven, transfer giblets to a saucepan with three cups of water, carrots, celery, 1/4 teaspoon of salt, and a bay leaf, Bring to boiling, reduce heat and simmer, uncovered about 30 minutes. Remove from heat, strain broth into a measuring cup, and refrigerate until ready to use.
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According to the USDA, all turkey meat and stuffing is safe to eat when a meat thermometer reaches 165 degrees F. However, for best flavor and ease in carving, thigh meat should be cooked to 180 degrees F. Pop-up timers on turkeys are pretty reliable as well.
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Remove the Turkey
Lift your turkey from the roasting pan with a carving fork and pot holder. Or lift the turkey off the roasting pan with two sturdy forks under either end of the breast.
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Remove the Stuffing
Spoon the stuffing out of both sides of the bird. Be careful; it's very hot.
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Next Slideshow 9 Make-Ahead Stuffing Recipes
9 Make-Ahead Stuffing RecipesSet yourself up for a successful and low-stress Thanksgiving day by preparing some of your dishes -- like these make-ahead stuffing recipes -- one to two days early! These stuffing recipes are our favorite way to capitalize on the flavors of the season and feature moist bread, rice, or grains.Begin Slideshow »