Made of equal parts flour and fat mixed together and slowly cooked over low heat, roux is used to thicken stews, soups, and sauces.
Take a look at these tips for creating a Roux.
Step 1. In an 8-quart heavy saucepan or pot, using a long-handled wooden spoon, stir together equal parts flour and fat until smooth.
Step 2. Cook over medium to medium-low heat, stirring constantly so the roux doesn't scorch.
Step 4. A dark roux can be made with butter, drippings, or pork or beef fat. Cook for 15 to 20 minutes or until the roux is the color of chocolate. This dark, nutty-flavored base is essential for dishes like gumbo.