This diagnosis refers to any one of several disorders that affect the urinary tract. Some of these disorders are potentially life-threatening.
- Symptoms: Difficulty urinating, or urinating only in small amounts; urinating outside the litter box, possibly in the sink or bathtub; appearance of blood in urine.
- What to do: Consult your vet immediately. Because these disorders can quickly become dangerous, they must be treated promptly. Your cat may be suffering from an infection, from cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), or from a urinary blockage. Urinary blockage occurs when crystallized minerals irritate the cat's bladder and urinary tract and clog the urinary tract, preventing the outward flow of urine. This inability to urinate can quickly lead to uremia, the buildup of poisonous wastes in the bloodstream, which in turn can rapidly lead to coma and death. The best way to deal with FUS is to prevent it. Ample fresh water, a well-balanced diet, a clean litter box, and adequate exercise all can go a long way toward heading off FUS. Your vet can recommend cat foods that will help by supplying the right nutrients in appropriate amounts.
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