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The first step to designing your outdoor space is determining how to marry it with your existing home. Architectural connectors such as overhangs, colonnades, and pergolas make linking the outdoors with the indoors a breeze. Design elements and materials should flow together to create a uniform feel.
People want to feel connected to the outdoors when inside. This requires opening up the rear of the house for sunlight, visual sight lines, and accessibility. Adding easy access from several areas of your house is the key to achieving this goal.
Using low-maintenance decking and paving materials means you'll have more time to enjoy your outdoor space. Decks are now commonly constructed of composite materials, which require no staining or sealing. If you want to use wood, some tropical hardwoods are naturally rot-resistant. Stone is also popular for its ability to blend with the natural landscape. Brick, stamped concrete, and manufactured pavers can also form solid foundations.
Even in warm climates, a hearth -- fire pit, chiminea, or wood-burning or gas fireplace -- adds visual interest and comfort to your outdoor area. The hearth makes an ideal focal point, so it's wise to design your space with its placement in mind. Consider whether you'll want a built-in hearth or one that's portable for zone heating and entertaining flexibility.
An outdoor kitchen can be as simple as a grill or as comprehensive as your indoor version -- with an alfresco twist. Outfit your space with a sink, refrigerator, dishwasher, bar, prep area, built-in grill, and wood-fired oven. Make sure to also consider utility requirements, shelter, climate-proof materials, and how you'll use the space.
To some extent, you can control the climate in your outdoor living space. During the day, ceiling fans hung from overhead trellises help keep insects at bay and air from being stagnant. After dark and on cool days, portable heaters -- tower or tabletop units -- add extra comfort. Overhangs, umbrellas, gazebos, sunrooms, and porches all offer shade.
Tip: Consider building on the south side of your house during the planning stages. Southern- facing areas warm up more quickly and are more comfortable in cooler months.
Ditch your battery-operated radio for more sophisticated electronics such as an all-weather LCD television and wireless outdoor speakers. Some entertainment systems are designed to blend in with natural elements; many are constructed of waterproof materials and built to withstand everything from insects to extreme heat.
During the day, natural light is king. But you can keep the party going long after the sun sets with strategic outdoor lighting. Single-source spotlights and floodlights can be too harsh to set a laid-back mood. Instead, opt for multiple indirect sources such as sconces, candles, lanterns, and landscape lighting. Walkways, stairs, and water sources should always be well-lit for safety.
Whether it's a little (fountain and koi ponds) or a lot (hot tubs and swimming pools), water is a pleasing outdoor design feature. Before you set your heart on bringing water into your design, check zoning guidelines for potential safety requirements such as fencing and proximity to buildings and property lines.
Privacy fences keep pets and children in and onlookers out. Masonry walls can double as counter space or extra seating in an entertaining pinch. Incorporate built-in or attached benches to free up walkways where freestanding furniture might make for cramped quarters. Trellis walls keep spaces airy while giving vines and hooks a place to hang out.
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