Green Living Guidelines
Environmentally friendly building and remodeling has gone mainstream, but what does living green really mean?
Good news for you, Kermit: It's not that hard being green anymore. Products claiming green status seem to be popping up all over, and support for the concept has almost become a given. In fact, the only hard part now is pinning down exactly what it means to be green.
Joyce Mason, vice-president of marketing for California's Pardee Homes, has an answer. The company built its first Energy Star home in 1998 and has built 3,000 energy-efficient houses with environmentally friendly materials since 2001. Here's this residential builder's definition of green:
- Minimizes the use of nonrenewable energy, water, and other natural resources.
- Provides a house with a healthy indoor environment built in a community with a healthy outdoor environment.
- Uses products that reduce harmful effects on the environment.
- Controls house size.
- Designs appropriately for the climate zone.
- Treats a house as a system of interrelated components.
The company matches products with these principles in four categories (more to follow on each):
- Energy smart
- Earth smart
- Health smart
- Water smart
Many products that reduce harmful effects on the environment are on the market now. Often they are simple and inexpensive, offering green benefits whether you're planning to build or remodel. Others are practical only when the cost can be incorporated into a mortgage; this way the upfront cost can be spread over time and made up for in savings on your monthly utility bill. Here's a short list.
- Programmable thermostat
- Compact fluorescent lighting
- Adequate insulation and home sealing
- Energy Star appliances
- Energy-saving home electronics
- Solar water heater
- Tankless water heater
- Energy-efficient windows and doors
- High-efficiency heating and cooling
- Photovoltaic solar cells
For information about federal and state tax credits and rebates for buying and using energy-efficient products, consult the next two sites.
Minimizing the use of nonrenewable resources usually involves the intentional selection of alternative materials in building and remodeling. This is partly behind the upsurge in the popularity of bamboo flooring, for example. Such products have to be attractive, durable, and reasonably priced to attract attention -- and many companies are working to provide these products. Here are some other examples.
- Engineered structural wood products are manufactured from fast-growing trees and recycled wood chips, thus helping to safeguard old-growth forests.
- Rapidly renewing wood flooring also protects old-growth forests. Examples include lyptus (a fast-growing eucalyptus that looks like cherry or mahogany), cork, and bamboo.
- Recycled content carpet, commonly known as "pop bottle carpet," uses plastic and recovered textiles and is more resilient and colorfast than conventional carpet.
- Cellulose attic insulation is made from recycled newspaper and sprayed in for superior sealing.
See this Web site for a comprehensive list of earth-smart products.
The National Association of Home Builders has developed guidelines now used by 15 state and local building programs across the U.S.
One common concern for parents in recent years has been the effect of dust and residue from lead in paint. Radon has also been a big issue. Evidence of how important both of these home health issues has become is that disclosures are now typically required as part of any residential real estate transaction.
Creating and maintaining a healthy home environment is obviously important for anyone with allergies or heightened sensitivity to noxious odors or pollutants. But today's consumers are becoming more attuned to these issues regardless of special needs, and that's a good thing for everyone. Consider these highly effective product solutions for a healthy home.
- Low- or no-VOC (volatile organic compounds) paints
- Central dehumidification to reduce mold and mildew
- Central air purification and ventilation systems
- Central-vacuum system
- Flooring that doesn't harbor dust
The main water issues in the home are purification and conservation. Great strides have been made in both areas in recent years. One of the more interesting advances is permeable pavement, which is especially effective at helping filter chemicals that leak from cars parked in the driveway. Here are more examples.
- Drought-tolerant plants reduce the amount of time and money you'll spend on irrigation.
- Xeriscaping challenges the assumption that grass should always be the dominant design element of a yard and lets the climate determine what makes the most sense.
- Water-efficient appliances such as front-loading washing machines have attracted great consumer interest, and low-flow showerheads and toilets have been mandated by law.
- Water purification devices that use carbon to remove contaminants and reverse osmosis systems are effective in the home.
- Permeable pavement lets rainwater seep through, which reduces runoff and allows the soil underneath to act as a natural filter.