If you have diabetes, you can take positive steps to keep your blood glucose as normal as possible, which will help you feel good and delay or prevent complications.
Your health care team will work with you to develop a treatment plan that's right for you, your lifestyle, and your type of diabetes. You can expect this plan to consist of sevral componenets: a healthful diet, physical activity, and, if necessary, medication.
Though your treatment plan will be customized for you, treating each type of diabetes usually depends on which type you have, as outlined on the next page.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin, which makes it challenging to control blood sugar. Typically, a treatment plan includes a carefully designed diet of three meals and at least two snacks daily, planned physical activity, home blood glucose testing several times a day, and multiple daily insulin injections. Meals and snacks are timed to match the effect of the insulin at its strongest level.
Many people with type 2 diabetes can control it without medication by following a specially designed meal plan and engaging in routine physical activity. Because 9 out of 10 people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are overweight, the meal plan may be designed to help in weight loss. It also will help achieve or maintain healthy blood cholesterol and blood pressure levels. Home blood glucose testing and sometimes oral medication and/or insulin also are part of treating type 2 diabetes.