Make More Ferns by Sprouting Spores
Because ferns don't produce seeds, there's a special way to propagate them: growing spores. Here are tips.
There are a couple of ways to make more of the ferns in your garden. You can wait for them to grow (some spread faster than others) and divide them. Or collect and sprout their spores.
Spores are like little seeds, though they're much smaller and slower to germinate and grow. They're found on the fern fronds instead of a seed pod, capsule, or fruit. Spores appear as little bumps, often black or brown, lining the underside of some fronds.
Step 1: Gather the Spores To collect spores, place a mature fern frond on a piece of smooth white paper. The ripened spores will fall from the frond and onto the paper after several days.
Step 4: Plant the New Ferns Once the spores have sprouted, keep them humid until they're large enough to transplant. For most ferns, this is after they have at least three fronds.