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Brassica oleracea_ Italica group
Mom was right: Broccoli is good for you. Nutritionists consider it a superfood that helps you in so many ways. Go ahead and boil it and serve it with butter, but also try adding it to stir-fries and Italian pasta dishes.
Broccoli needs just the right conditions to grow perfectly, so don't expect supermarket-sized heads from the home garden. Instead, you'll get smaller, very tender heads. This is because broccoli is a cool-season crop that grows best with extended cool weather in spring and fall (or during winter months in mild areas). The edible part of the plant is a cluster of flower buds. Most varieties produce one main large head 50-55 days after transplanting into the garden. If you leave the plant in place, smaller secondary buds will develop on side shoots.
how to grow Broccoli
Sever heads with a sharp knife when they're tight and firm, before any of the buds open into yellow flowers. Flowers indicate that the broccoli is past its peak, although it is still edible. Cut the stem at an angle to reduce the likelihood of the stem rotting. Continue harvesting the smaller side shoots as they develop.
more varieties for Broccoli
is a good disease-resistant variety for areas with foggy or wet conditions. Its tightly packed main head sheds water well and helps prevent rot. 69 days
'De Cicco' broccoli
is an Italian heirloom variety that bears a small main head, but produces a steady supply of side shoots all season long. 70 days
broccoli produces an 8-inch-diameter main head good for freezing. 55 days
forms a head in just 52 days and withstands heat better than most broccoli varieties, which makes it well adapted to the South and warm-summer regions.
'Small Miracle' broccoli
grows only 1 foot tall and is a good choice for containers or small-space vegetable gardens. 55 days