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Forming perfect pyramids, firs bring a bit of mountain magnificence to urban and suburban gardens. This family of long-lived evergreen trees is valued for soft needles, graceful branches, and strong fragrance. It's no wonder that fir cultivars are frequently chosen by the American Conifer Society as Conifer of the Year. Balsam, Fraser, and noble firs are popular Christmas trees. All firs feature upright cones; some, including the Korean fir, have ornamental cones.





From 1 to 20 feet


3-25 feet wide, depending on type

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how to grow Fir

more varieties for Fir
'Candicans' white fir

'Candicans' white fir

Abies concolor 'Candicans' offers silvery-blue leaves and has a columnar, architectural shape. It grows 50 feet tall and 15 feet wide. Zones 3-7

Compact blue alpine fir

Compact blue alpine fir

Abies lasiocarpa var arizonica 'Glauca Compacta' offers silvery blue needles on a small tree that reaches 15 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Zones 5-6

Compact white fir

Compact white fir

Abies concolor 'Compacta' is a slow-growing selection with blue-green needles and reaches about 10 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 3-7

Golden Korean fir

Golden Korean fir

Abies koreana 'Aurea' features golden new growth that fades to light green. It grows 30 feet tall and 20 feet wide. Zones 5-7

'Horstmann's Silberlocke' Korean fir

'Horstmann's Silberlocke' Korean fir

Abies koreana 'Horstmann's Silberlocke' is among the most stunning of evergreens. Its green needles have bright white undersides and curve up, giving the tree a flocked look. It grows 30 feet tall and 20 feet wide. Zones 5-7

Nordman fir

Nordman fir

Abies nordmanniana features deep green needles and better heat-tolerance than most firs. It can grow 130 feet tall and 20 feet wide. Zones 4-7

White fir

White fir

Abies concolor is a large landscape tree with soft green to silver needles and native to areas of North America. It can grow 130 feet tall and 22 feet wide. Zones 3-7

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