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Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus

Silvery eucalyptus leaves dance in the breeze, and the aromatic leaves and bark smell like a blend of menthol and sage. The tan to orange bark peels, exposing smooth, silky wood underneath. Despite its arid "down under" origins (eucalyptus hails from Australia), the tree thrives in consistently moist, well-drained soil. In colder climates, grow eucalyptus in patio containers, then move indoors for the winter.

Light:

Sun

Type:

Height:

8 to 20 feet

Width:

10-70 feet wide

Flower Color:

Foliage Color:

Seasonal Features:

Zones:

8-10


how to grow Eucalyptus


more varieties for Eucalyptus
Dwarf blue gum

Dwarf blue gum

Eucalyptus globulus 'Compacta' is a fast-growing tree that usually remains under 30 feet tall, and it's easy to keep trimmed to 10 feet tall. Leaves on immature plants are circular and blue; mature plants produce green sickle-shape leaves 6-10 inches long. Dwarf blue gum bears creamy-white flowers in winter, followed by bluish seed capsules in summer that drop from the tree, making this somewhat of a nuisance tree. Zones 9-11

Lemon scented gum

Lemon scented gum

Eucalyptus citriodora is a large tree that grows 75-100 feet tall and spreads 25-50 feet wide. The tree has two forms of leaves: Juvenile foliage is rough and sandpapery; mature leaves are smooth and glossy. Both types of leaves produce a lemon-scent oil called citronellal, which is widely used in perfumes. Lemon scented gum bears small white flowers in winter. Some experts have reclassified this tree as Corymbia citriodora. Zones 9-11

Rainbow gum

Rainbow gum

Eucalyptus deglupta gets its name from its multicolor bark. The tree sheds patches of bark irregularly to reveal green inner bark, which darkens with age to blue, purple, maroon, and orange. Also known as Mindanoa or Indonesian gum, it is a large tree, growing up to 200 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Zones 9-11

Red flowering gum

Red flowering gum

Eucalyptus ficifolia is one of the showiest of eucalyptus trees. It bears clusters of red, orange, pink, or white flowers above the tree canopy sporadically throughout the year. The tree grows 25-40 feet tall and wide. In recent years, botanists have reclassified it as Corymbia ficifolia, but you'll often find it sold by its traditional name. Zones 9-11

Red ironbark

Red ironbark

Eucalyptus sideroxylon is called red ironbark because mature trees develop deeply furrowed reddish-brown bark. This tree may grow strongly upright to 80 feet tall, or it may be weeping in form and remain below 20 feet tall. The width ranges from 20-45 feet. Leaves on juvenile plants are bluish white and lancelike in shape. Mature trees produce sickle-shape leaves that turn bronze in winter. Flower color varies from pinkish white to red. Zones 9-11

Silver dollar gum

Silver dollar gum

Eucalyptus cinerea is a small tree that grows up to 30 feet tall and 10-15 feet wide. The silvery leaves are round and gray-green, giving rise to the tree's common name. As the plant ages, leaves become more oval and elongated. It is hardy in Zones 8-11 but may die back to the ground in severe winters. In colder Zones it can be grown as an annual, reaching up to 8 feet tall in a single season. Cut stems are often used in floral arrangements.

'Silver Drop' eucalyptus

'Silver Drop' eucalyptus

Eucalyptus gunnii 'Silver Drop' is most commonly grown as an annual for its fragrant silver-green foliage. As an annual it grows 2-3 feet tall and wide. The species from which it is selected can grow to 40 feet tall and wide where it is hardy. Zones 8-11

Spotted eucalyptus

Spotted eucalyptus

Eucalyptus maculata is also sometimes classified as Corymbia maculata. It gets its common name from its irregular bark coloration. The bark sheds in flakes, leaving spots of white, gray, green, and pink. The tree bears white flowers in summer. In cultivation it reaches 60 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Zones 9-11

Sydney blue gum

Sydney blue gum

Eucalyptus saligna is a fast-growing large tree that may reach 180 feet tall, but in cultivation it typically tops out at 50-60 feet tall and 25 feet wide. From late spring through summer it bears pink to white flowers, which attract birds. Zones 9-11


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