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Sumac Plant

Rhus

You're sure to notice sumacs every autumn -- most varieties are known for putting on an eye-catching show when their foliage turns festive shades of orange and red. Many types also attract birds in summer, fall, and winter, thanks to the plants' fuzzy reddish fruits. The variety Tiger Eyes is especially ornamental thanks to its golden-yellow foliage in spring and summer.

Sumacs are easy to grow in sun or part sun and any well-drained soil. They hold up to drought well, though many varieties tend to spread aggressively. Be sure to give sumac room to form a large colony.

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Light:

Part Sun, Sun

Type:

Height:

8 to 20 feet

Width:

To 15 feet wide

Flower Color:

Seasonal Features:

Zones:

2-9

how to grow Sumac

more varieties for Sumac

Cutleaf staghorn sumac
Cutleaf staghorn sumac
Rhus typhina 'Laciniata' brings the fall garden to life with its outstanding fall foliage in shades of red, orange, and gold. During the rest of the growing season, its deeply dissected foliage gives this large shrub a fernlike appearance. Plants grow 10-12 feet tall and wide, sending up suckers from the roots to develop large colonies if left unchecked. Zones 3-8
Fragrant sumac
Fragrant sumac
Rhus aromatica is a species native to North America that forms a dense, low-growing colony ideal as a groundcover or low hedge. The shiny green foliage turns bright red-purple in autumn. It grows 5 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Zones 3-9
'Gro-Low' sumac
'Gro-Low' sumac
Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low' makes for a great groundcover. It has shiny green foliage (that looks like poison ivy) and clusters of red berries in autumn and winter. It grows 2 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Zones 3-9
Lemonade berry
Lemonade berry
Rhus integrifolia is a Southern California native plant that is extremely drought-tolerant. It reaches up to 10 feet tall inland but may remain under 3 feet tall near the coast. The shrub spreads 10-15 feet wide. Clumps of pinkish-white flowers develop into reddish-pink fruits that can be steeped in water to make a lemonade-flavor beverage. Zones 9-10
Prairie Flame sumac
Prairie Flame sumac
Rhus copallina latifolia 'Morton' is a dwarf selection of shining sumac introduced by Morton Arboretum. It grows just 5-7 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide. Prairie Flame is a male clone, so it develops panicles of yellow-green flowers in summer but does not fruit. The glossy green leaves turn purple-red to orange in autumn. Zones 4-9
Shining sumac
Shining sumac
Rhus copallina is also known as winged sumac because its glossy compound leaves have a wing along the central leaf vein. It can become a large shrub or small tree 10-20 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide. Like most other sumacs, it has excellent fall color and spreads by underground rhizomes, but it is less aggressive than smooth sumac. Zones 4-9
Smooth sumac
Smooth sumac
Rhus glabra is a North American native shrub that bears dark green foliage and clusters of fuzzy, rust-red fruits in fall. The leaves turn bright shades of red and orange in autumn. It grows 15 feet tall and wide. Zones 2-8
Staghorn sumac
Staghorn sumac
Rhus typhina colonizes to form a grove of small trees or large shrubs 15-25 feet tall and wide. It gets its common name from the appearance of bare winter branches. The forked shoots are covered with hairs, resembling deer antlers in the velvet stage. Female plants develop panicles of red fruits that persist through winter. Fall color is excellent. Zones 4-8
Tiger Eyes sumac
Tiger Eyes sumac
Rhus typhina 'Bailtiger' is an exceptionally showy selection of staghorn sumac that features chartreuse foliage all spring and summer. In autumn, the leaves turn brilliant orange. The leaves, stems, and berries are all fuzzy. It grows 8 feet tall and wide. Zones 4-8

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