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Shrub roses take the best of the hardiest rose species, and combine those traits with modern repeat blooming and diverse flower forms, colors and fragrances. Some shrub roses may grow tall, with vigorous, far-reaching canes; others stay compact. Recent rose breeding has focused on developing hardier shrub roses for landscaping that need little to no maintenance.
From 1 to 8 feet
To 3 feet wide
garden plans for Shrub rose
top varieties for Shrub rose
A new breed of landscaping roses came about with the advent of shrub roses, which offer beautiful ways to fill in borders and cover bare earth. The low-growing groundcover roses are useful for mass planting in a border or under a tree, and to mix colorfully with perennials or shrubs, line a path, cover a slope, or to be planted in hanging baskets or window boxes for a bloom-spilling display.To reinvigorate groundcover roses each year, cut back the plants by two-thirds while they are still dormant in early spring.
Floribunda roses offer a bouquet on every branch. The small flowers look like elegant hybrid tea blooms but appear in clusters instead of one flower per stem. Floribundas are a cross between polyantha species roses and hybrid teas, combining hardiness, free flowering, and showy, usually fragrant blooms. Sizes of these hardy roses vary from compact and low-growing to a more open habit and heights of 5-6 feet, ideal for tall hedges. The foliage on floribunda roses tends to shrug off diseases, making for a low-maintenance plant that delivers maximum impact with its continuous bloom cycles. Most floribundas require very little spring pruning -- just removal of dead or damaged wood.
Grandiflora roses blend the best traits of hybrid teas and floribundas. They produce the same elegantly shaped blooms as hybrid teas, but in long-stemmed clusters that continually repeat, like floribundas. The plants tend to be tall (up to 7 feet), hardy, and disease-resistant. Because of their size, grandifloras are suited to hedging and flower-border backgrounds. This rose category was created to accommodate the unique 'Queen Elizabeth' rose introduced in 1955.
One of the biggest challenges for late 20th-century rose breeders was restoring fragrance while improving vigor of new rose introductions. English-style roses provide a lush, romantic solution. The flowers are densely filled with petals, much like antique roses, and most possess a strong fragrance that harkens back to old-fashioned tea roses. Yet their growth habits, health, and, most of all, their tendency to repeat bloom, are an improvement on their ancestors.English roses are a good choice for cutting gardens. Their full, intensely perfumed flowers make sumptuous bouquets. Some varieties climb if left unpruned and can be trained along a fence or arborShown here: Heritage English rose
The acrobats of the rose world, climbing varieties develop long canes well adapted to training on pillars, fences, arbors, and gazebos. Most climbing roses are mutations or variations of bush-type varieties. They develop either large, single flowers or clustered blooms on a stem. Climbers may bloom once a season or continually, depending on the variety. Climbers can be trained to bloom more heavily by leading their canes in a horizontal direction. Loose anchoring to a support will encourage young plants to climb.
If you favor a slightly wilder look in your garden, look to the ancestors of roses you grow and enjoy for many of the same admirable qualities. Most species roses offer small blooms, and they usually appear only once a season, but the landscaping benefits make them worthwhile to include in borders and background plantings. Most species roses can tolerate extreme weather conditions and because of their colorful hips (fruit), they are good choices for attracting birds and other wildlife to the garden. The canes are often vigorous and arching. Stems may be highly colored but are almost always thorny, making large species good candidates for privacy hedging and deer-frequented areas.
Hybrid teas traditionally produce the showiest blooms. In fact, most roses at florist shops are hybrid tea varieties. Today's rose breeding emphasizes fragrance as well as plant vigor. The form of a hybrid tea rose is tall and upright, with sparse foliage toward the base. The blooms develop singly on long stems, and the buds are often as elegant as the open blooms.Hybrid teas require careful pruning while still dormant in early spring to ensure good air circulation through the plant and development of vigorous, healthy canes. A sunny location with well-drained, fertile soil and rose food applied at least three times a season will guarantee abundant flowers to enjoy in a vase. Protect roses in climates colder than Zone 6 with heavy mulching around the base of the plant.
Gardeners limited in space can enjoy all the fun of rose growing by cultivating miniature roses in containers. They also adapt well to flowerbed edging, front-of-the-border socializing with perennials and annuals, and low hedges.Miniature roses first came into being in the early 1930s as an accidental result of rose hybridizing. Since then, master miniaturists have created many jewel-like varieties featuring perfectly shaped tiny blooms on clean, healthy plants that generally stay under 2 feet.Miniature roses respond to all the care basics of regular-size roses -- deep irrigation, sunshine. and regular fertilizing -- but they do need extra winter protection in colder climates. To ensure the plant doesn't die back to the roots, in Zone 5 and below, bury the rose plant in a mound of soil.
more varieties for Shrub rose
Rosa 'Ballerina' bears a delicate pastel combination of deep rosy pink and white petals in the single flowers from late spring through fall. Small rose hips follow, brightening the bare tips through the winter and attracting birds. It grows 6 feet tall. Zones 6-9
Blanc Double de Coubert rose
Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert' is a vigorous antique from late 19-century France that produces extremely fragrant, semidouble blooms in clusters. A good repeat bloomer, it grows up to 7 feet tall. Zones 3-9
Rosa 'MEIdomonac' was one of the first shrub roses, and this award winner is still one of the best. It delivers a disease-resistant performance, soft-pink flowers from spring to fall, and orange hips that bring winter interest to the garden. It grows 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Zones 4-9
Carefree Beauty rose
Rosa 'BUCbi' set a standard for disease-resistance coupled with continuous bloom. Its double, soft-pink bloom repeats reliably from early summer to fall on upright plants. At maturity, it reaches 5 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Zones 4-9.
Carefree Spirit rose
Rosa 'Meizmea' is an award-winning variety with cherry-red flowers that span from late spring through fall, in a continuous show. The plant is vigorous and covered with dark-green foliage. Grows 5 feet tall and wide. Zones 5-9
Carefree Wonder rose
Rosa 'MEIpitac' bears fully double, baby pink blooms abundantly all summer on a disease-resistant plant. It grows 4 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Zones 4-9
Rosa 'DICjeep' is an award-wining variety with vivid, deep-pink blooms that cover the low-growing plant (to 2 feet tall and wide). The leaves are glossy and show excellent disease resistance. Zones 4-9
Rosa rugosa 'Hansa' bears red-violet, cupped blooms packed with many rich, clove-scented petals. An early, abundant flowering is followed by repeat bloom later in the season. The plant exhibits many traits of its rugosa heritage: disease resistance, thorniness, and extreme cold hardiness. It grows 5 feet tall. Zones 4-9
Home Run rose
Rosa 'WEKcisbako' shows single, bright-red blooms that open to reveal gold stamens, with the deepest color occurring in cold temperatures. A quick repeat bloomer, the plant requires light shaping to train its strong shoots. It is extremely resistant both to black spot and powdery mildew. The rounded plant grows 4 feet tall and wide. Zones 4-9
John Cabot rose
Rosa 'John Cabot' is a tall, vigorous variety that yields clusters of deep fuchsia-pink, fragrant blooms. The plant grows 6 feet tall. Zones 3-8
Knock Out rose
Rosa 'Radrazz' is an award-winning variety with cherry-pink blooms that have white centers and cover the plant. Small orange hips carry the show into late fall and appeal to the birds. The plants are extremely disease resistant and grow about 3 feet tall. Zones 5-9
Little Mischief rose
Rosa 'BAIief' is a compact shrub that features deep-pink, white-eyed blooms that fade to a lighter pink as they mature. The clustered flowers are cupped and semidouble. The disease-resistant plant grows 3 feet tall and wide. Zones 4-9
Rosa 'BAImas' is a showy, disease-resistant stunner that bears many clusters of soft pink blooms from early summer to fall. It grows 4 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Zones 4-9
Rosa 'BAIrift' features full, multipetaled white blooms opening from plump light-apricot buds. The flowers appear in bunches on an upright, vigorous plant. Zones 4-9
Sunrise Sunset rose
Rosa 'BAIset' is an outstanding, heavy-blooming selection that offers bright pink flowers that blend to warm, peachy-pink at the center. It grows 4 feet tall and wide. Zones 4-9
Super Hero rose
Rosa 'BAIsuhe' is a disease-resistant, everblooming selection with rich red flowers. It grows 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Zones 4-9
William Baffin rose
(Rosa 'William Baffin') is free-flowering and laden with double, deep-pink bloom clusters on glossy, disease-resistant foliage. The blooms are lightly fragrant. Plants grow from 7 to 9 feet tall. Zones 3-8