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Hybrid tea rose
Hybrid teas traditionally produce the showiest blooms. In fact, most roses at florist shops are hybrid tea varieties. Today's rose breeding emphasizes fragrance as well as plant vigor. The form of a hybrid tea rose is tall and upright, with sparse foliage toward the base. The blooms develop singly on long stems, and the buds are often as elegant as the open blooms.
Hybrid teas require careful pruning while still dormant in early spring to ensure good air circulation through the plant and development of vigorous, healthy canes. A sunny location with well-drained, fertile soil and rose food applied at least three times a season will guarantee abundant flowers to enjoy in a vase. Protect roses in climates colder than Zone 6 with heavy mulching around the base of the plant.
how to grow Hybrid tea rose
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top varieties for Hybrid tea rose
A new breed of landscaping roses came about with the advent of shrub roses, which offer beautiful ways to fill in borders and cover bare earth. The low-growing groundcover roses are useful for mass planting in a border or under a tree, and to mix colorfully with perennials or shrubs, line a path, cover a slope, or to be planted in hanging baskets or window boxes for a bloom-spilling display.To reinvigorate groundcover roses each year, cut back the plants by two-thirds while they are still dormant in early spring.
Floribunda roses offer a bouquet on every branch. The small flowers look like elegant hybrid tea blooms but appear in clusters instead of one flower per stem. Floribundas are a cross between polyantha species roses and hybrid teas, combining hardiness, free flowering, and showy, usually fragrant blooms. Sizes of these hardy roses vary from compact and low-growing to a more open habit and heights of 5-6 feet, ideal for tall hedges. The foliage on floribunda roses tends to shrug off diseases, making for a low-maintenance plant that delivers maximum impact with its continuous bloom cycles. Most floribundas require very little spring pruning -- just removal of dead or damaged wood.
Shrub roses take the best of the hardiest rose species, and combine those traits with modern repeat blooming and diverse flower forms, colors and fragrances. Some shrub roses may grow tall, with vigorous, far-reaching canes; others stay compact. Recent rose breeding has focused on developing hardier shrub roses for landscaping that need little to no maintenance.
Grandiflora roses blend the best traits of hybrid teas and floribundas. They produce the same elegantly shaped blooms as hybrid teas, but in long-stemmed clusters that continually repeat, like floribundas. The plants tend to be tall (up to 7 feet), hardy, and disease-resistant. Because of their size, grandifloras are suited to hedging and flower-border backgrounds. This rose category was created to accommodate the unique 'Queen Elizabeth' rose introduced in 1955.
One of the biggest challenges for late 20th-century rose breeders was restoring fragrance while improving vigor of new rose introductions. English-style roses provide a lush, romantic solution. The flowers are densely filled with petals, much like antique roses, and most possess a strong fragrance that harkens back to old-fashioned tea roses. Yet their growth habits, health, and, most of all, their tendency to repeat bloom, are an improvement on their ancestors.English roses are a good choice for cutting gardens. Their full, intensely perfumed flowers make sumptuous bouquets. Some varieties climb if left unpruned and can be trained along a fence or arborShown here: Heritage English rose
The acrobats of the rose world, climbing varieties develop long canes well adapted to training on pillars, fences, arbors, and gazebos. Most climbing roses are mutations or variations of bush-type varieties. They develop either large, single flowers or clustered blooms on a stem. Climbers may bloom once a season or continually, depending on the variety. Climbers can be trained to bloom more heavily by leading their canes in a horizontal direction. Loose anchoring to a support will encourage young plants to climb.
If you favor a slightly wilder look in your garden, look to the ancestors of roses you grow and enjoy for many of the same admirable qualities. Most species roses offer small blooms, and they usually appear only once a season, but the landscaping benefits make them worthwhile to include in borders and background plantings. Most species roses can tolerate extreme weather conditions and because of their colorful hips (fruit), they are good choices for attracting birds and other wildlife to the garden. The canes are often vigorous and arching. Stems may be highly colored but are almost always thorny, making large species good candidates for privacy hedging and deer-frequented areas.
Gardeners limited in space can enjoy all the fun of rose growing by cultivating miniature roses in containers. They also adapt well to flowerbed edging, front-of-the-border socializing with perennials and annuals, and low hedges.Miniature roses first came into being in the early 1930s as an accidental result of rose hybridizing. Since then, master miniaturists have created many jewel-like varieties featuring perfectly shaped tiny blooms on clean, healthy plants that generally stay under 2 feet.Miniature roses respond to all the care basics of regular-size roses -- deep irrigation, sunshine. and regular fertilizing -- but they do need extra winter protection in colder climates. To ensure the plant doesn't die back to the roots, in Zone 5 and below, bury the rose plant in a mound of soil.
more varieties for Hybrid tea rose
'Black Magic' rose
Rosa 'Black Magic' is a midnight-red rose with a sultry appeal. The petals are thick and velvety for endurance in the garden and in a vase. The plant grows 4-6 feet tall. Zones 5-10
'Chicago Peace' rose
Rosa 'Chicago Peace' is a variant of 'Peace' rose that displays a permanent deep pink blush on petals reversed in golden yellow. The large, petal-packed blooms open from shell-shape buds. The tall plant stands up to heat and cold extremes, and the glossy, light green foliage stays clean. It grows 5-6 feet tall. Zones 5-9
'Christian Dior' rose
Rosa 'Christian Dior' is a French-bred beauty that displays high-centered blooms in lipstick red. The flowers have a light spice scent and are semidouble, with nearly 50 petals. The upright, bushy plants reach 4 feet tall. Zones 5-9
'Double Delight' rose
Rosa 'Double Delight' is among the most popular American hybrid tea roses. Its fragrance is unsurpassed, as is the sheer magnitude of its flowers. The huge, warm ivory blooms are edged in a cerise pink that intensifies in strong sunlight. Plants grow 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9
'Diana, Princess of Wales' rose
Rosa 'Diana, Princess of Wales' is disease-resistant and vigorous. This rose has creamy white petals with a hint of pink at the edges. It's a great cultivar for a mixed border, or plant en masse. Zones 5-9
'Etoile de Lyon' rose
Rosa 'Etoile de Lyon' has a large flush of fragrant, golden yellow flowers with slightly curled petals in spring. A repeat bloomer, you can count on it to bloom through summer. Zones 7-9
Rosa 'Forty-Niner' bears full red flowers reversed in yellow and resistant to black spot. Each bloom is packed with 26-40 petals and is slightly fragrant. The foliage is a glossy, dark green. Plants grow 2-1/2 to 4 feet tall. Zones 5-10
'Fragrant Cloud' rose
Rosa 'Fragrant Cloud' is an award-winning variety that produces full, coral-red blooms with a strong fragrance. It grows 5 feet tall and wide. Zones 5-9
'Fragrant Plum' rose
Rosa 'Fragrant Plum' produces lavender-purple blooms with a strong, plumlike fragrance and perfectly shaped flowers. It grows 6 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Zones 5-9
'Helmut Schmidt' rose
Rosa 'Helmut Schmidt' offers rounded, fully double yellow flowers that open from urn-shape buds poised on an upright, well-branched plant. It grows 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9
'Henry Fonda' rose
Rosa 'Henry Fonda' shows off deep yellow flowers and dark green foliage, making it a standout in the garden. It is disease-resistant and a vigorous grower. Zones 7-9
'Home and Family' rose
Rosa 'Home and Family' is a long-stemmed white rose that's the epitome of elegance. The large, pointed buds unfurl to double camellia-like blooms that have a light licorice scent. Dark green foliage sets off the snowy flowers to perfection. Zones 5-9
'Just Joey' rose
Rosa 'Just Joey' is loved for its fragrance. The huge, 7-inch-wide flowers open a deep apricot that lightens as the petals roll back and hold in full bloom for weeks. Bronze foliage covers the short, well-branched plant. It grows 5 feet tall and 28 inches wide. Zones 5-9
Rosa 'Kardinal' was bred as a cut flower but is floriferous and vigorous enough that it's just as great in the garden. The plant grows 5 feet tall. Zones 6-9
'Marilyn Monroe' rose
Rosa 'Marilyn Monroe' adds a bright spot of color to the garden with its creamy apricot-color flowers. This rebloomer is particularly striking when viewed from a distance. Zones 6b-9
'Mister Lincoln' rose
Rosa 'Mister Lincoln' is one of the classics that set the standard for red hybrid tea roses. The buds spiral open to velvety double blooms that are strongly fragrant. They're poised on strong stems. The plant grows 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9
Rosa 'Peace' is one of the most beloved roses. It's also the most widely planted hybrid tea in the world. The glowing flowers start as golden buds that open to huge yellow blooms edged in pink and set against glossy, dark green foliage. The shrubby, vigorous plants grow 5 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Zones 5-9
'Perfect Moment' rose
Rosa 'Perfect Moment' is an award-winning rose that produces glowing emberlike blooms of yellow edged in red. Large buds unfurl to full flowers in which the pink blush deepens and spreads. Blooms are lightly fragrant. The plant stays compact and bushy, growing to 4-1/2 feet tall and 3 feet wide, with disease-resistant foliage. Zones 5-9
'Pink Promise' rose
Rosa 'Pink Promise' is an award-winning variety bearing high-centered buds that swirl open to reveal full blooms of blended pink and cream. The blooms offer a strong fruity fragrance. It grows 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9
'Rio Samba' rose
Rosa 'Rio Samba' offers golden buds that unfurl into warm and sunny blooms that deepen to scarlet, like a tropical sunset. The fragrance is very slight, but this rose's color display is so magnificent, you don't miss the perfume. Large flowers are complemented by the glossy green foliage. The tall plants branch well and grow vigorously to 4-6 feet tall. Zones 6-9
Rosa 'Secret' is intensely fragrant. Grow this rose where you can regularly catch a whiff of its perfume. It is great for containers or near an entryway. It blooms into fall. Zones 5-9
Rosa 'Tiffany' is an award-winning rose that offers fragrant, cerise pink petals suffused with yellow. The long, pointed buds open into fully double flowers on long stems that are excellent for cutting. Plants grow 4 feet tall. Zones 6-9