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Hybrid Tea Rose

Rosa

Hybrid tea roses are the standard for cut flower roses. With their iconic bud shape and petaled blooms, hybrid tea roses are well worth the effort of growing them. Although hybrid tea roses are some of the more finicky roses on the market, they can be truly rewarding. These are roses that have beautiful form, delightful fragrance, and wonderful color options.

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Light:

Sun

Type:

Height:

3 to 8 feet

Width:

2-3 feet wide

Flower Color:

Foliage Color:

Seasonal Features:

Zones:

5-9

Propagation

Origins of Hybrid Tea Roses

Hybrid tea roses are considered one of the oldest classes of roses. It is believed that this class began with the rose 'La France' all the way back in 1867. This class was created by crossing a tea rose with a hybrid perpetual rose. After that, there were several other similar crosses made, but popularity didn't take off until the Peace rose was officially branded in 1945. The Peace rose had all of the main attributes of hybrid tea rose and personified it so well. You can still find this cultivar readily on the market today, along with different variations of it.

Hybrid Tea Rose Care Must-Knows

This class of rose is most commonly grown as a cut flower. As such, the plants aren't the most beautiful in a garden setting. With quick-growing upright stems, few leaves, and generally only one bud per stem, hybrid tea roses can be pretty sparse looking. However, this can also be to their advantage, as they'll blend in with the right perennial partners.

To start, roses need full sun. Less sun means poor-quality blooms, a higher chance of foliar disease, greater likelihood of flopping plants, and overall weaker plants. Foliar diseases are a major problem with roses, and hybrid teas are especially susceptible. The main culprit is general blackspot, a fungal disease that causes characteristic black spots on the foliage. In many climates, it is almost inevitable that rosebushes will get this. The best thing to do is be proactive and plant in full sun, prune properly for good air flow, and avoid wetting the foliage whenever possible. Fungal diseases spread primarily by water droplets, so remove any affected leaves as well as debris around plants to prevent future outbreaks.

Plant your rosebushes in well-drained soil. Once your hole has been dug, gently spread out the roots over a mound of soil in the hole and fill in with amended soil, filling gaps and packing down to remove air holes. Hybrid tea roses are almost always grafted plants, which helps increase the vigor and hardiness of many varieties. When you are planting, make sure that the graft union (the bulging knob-like spot near the base of the plant) is buried 1-2 inches below the soil level in northern climates or just above the soil in warmer climates.

Once planted, water the base of your rose plant well. As the plants grow, continue watering them regularly, especially during times of drought. It is also beneficial to feed roses on a regular basis, as they are heavy feeders. Supply enough fertilizer to satisfy repeat-blooming varieties.

Pruning Hybrid Tea Roses

Pruning is always a chore, and some varieties are pickier than others. But as long as you know the proper techniques, pruning is fairly straightforward. The best time to prune hybrid teas is late winter, just before the plants are breaking dormancy.

Primarily remove any old, dead, or diseased wood. Long shoots can be cut back to 4 to 6 buds from the base, or roughly 10-15 inches above the graft. If there was severe winter dieback, cut back until you reach live wood. Smaller shoots should be cut back harder, leaving just a few buds or a few inches of shoot above ground level. A general rule of thumb is that stems need to be at least the thickness of a pencil to support blooms. As plants get older and canes become large and tough, cut all the way back to the ground. This encourages fresh new shoots from the base and increases air circulation to the center of the plant. Also make sure that all of the shoots are coming from above the graft union. If they are not, then they are coming from the rose rootstock, which can eventually choke out the cultivar plant. Any stems coming from below the union should be cut all the way back to the main stem.

See how to deadhead roses the easy way.

More Varieties of Hybrid Tea Rose

'Black Magic' rose

Rosa 'Black Magic' is a midnight-red rose with a sultry appeal. The petals are thick and velvety for endurance in the garden and in a vase. The plant grows 4-6 feet tall. Zones 5-10

'Chicago Peace' rose

Rosa 'Chicago Peace' is a variant of 'Peace' rose that displays a permanent deep pink blush on petals reversed in golden yellow. The large, petal-packed blooms open from shell-shape buds. The tall plant stands up to heat and cold extremes, and the glossy, light green foliage stays clean. It grows 5-6 feet tall. Zones 5-9

'Christian Dior' rose

Rosa 'Christian Dior' is a French-bred beauty that displays high-centered blooms in lipstick red. The flowers have a light spice scent and are semidouble, with nearly 50 petals. The upright, bushy plants reach 4 feet tall. Zones 5-9

'Double Delight' rose

Rosa 'Double Delight' is among the most popular American hybrid tea roses. Its fragrance is unsurpassed, as is the sheer magnitude of its flowers. The huge, warm ivory blooms are edged in a cerise pink that intensifies in strong sunlight. Plants grow 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9

'Diana, Princess of Whales' rose

Rosa 'Diana, Princess of Wales' is disease-resistant and vigorous. This rose has creamy white petals with a hint of pink at the edges. It's a great cultivar for a mixed border, or plant en masse. Zones 5-9

'Etoile de Lyon' rose

Rosa 'Etoile de Lyon' has a large flush of fragrant, golden yellow flowers with slightly curled petals in spring. A repeat bloomer, you can count on it to bloom through summer. Zones 7-9

'Forty-Niner' rose

Rosa 'Forty-Niner' bears full red flowers reversed in yellow and resistant to blackspot. Each bloom is packed with 26-40 petals and is slightly fragrant. The foliage is a glossy, dark green. Plants grow 2-1/2 to 4 feet tall. Zones 5-10

'Fragrant Cloud' rose

Rosa 'Fragrant Cloud' is an award-winning variety that produces full, coral-red blooms with a strong fragrance. It grows 5 feet tall and wide. Zones 5-9

'Fragrant Plum' rose

Rosa 'Fragrant Plum' produces lavender-purple blooms with a strong, plumlike fragrance and perfectly shaped flowers. It grows 6 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Zones 5-9

'Helmut Schmidt' rose

Rosa 'Helmut Schmidt' offers rounded, fully double yellow flowers that open from urn-shape buds poised on an upright, well-branched plant. It grows 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9

'Henry Fonda' rose

Rosa 'Henry Fonda' shows off deep yellow flowers and dark green foliage, making it a standout in the garden. It is disease-resistant and a vigorous grower. Zones 7-9

'Home and Family' rose

Rosa 'Home and Family' is a long-stemmed white rose that's the epitome of elegance. The large, pointed buds unfurl to double camellia-like blooms that have a light licorice scent. Dark green foliage sets off the snowy flowers to perfection. Zones 5-9

'Just Joey' rose

Rosa 'Just Joey' is loved for its fragrance. The huge, 7-inch-wide flowers open a deep apricot that lightens as the petals roll back and that hold in full bloom for weeks. Bronze foliage covers the short, well-branched plant. It grows 5 feet tall and 28 inches wide. Zones 5-9

'Kardinal' rose

Rosa 'Kardinal' was bred as a cut flower but is floriferous and vigorous enough that it's just as great in the garden. The plant grows 5 feet tall. Zones 6-9

'Marilyn Monroe' rose

Rosa 'Marilyn Monroe' adds a bright spot of color to the garden with its creamy apricot-color flowers. This rebloomer is particularly striking when viewed from a distance. Zones 6b-9

'Mister Lincoln' rose

Rosa 'Mister Lincoln' is one of the classics that set the standard for red hybrid tea roses. The buds spiral open to velvety double blooms that are strongly fragrant. They're poised on strong stems. The plant grows 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9

'Peace' rose

Rosa 'Peace' is one of the most beloved roses. It's also the most widely planted hybrid tea in the world. The glowing flowers start as golden buds that open to huge yellow blooms edged in pink and set against glossy, dark green foliage. The shrubby, vigorous plants grow 5 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Zones 5-9

'Perfect Moment' rose

Rosa 'Perfect Moment' is an award-winning rose that produces glowing emberlike blooms of yellow edged in red. Large buds unfurl to full flowers in which the pink blush deepens and spreads. Blooms are lightly fragrant. The plant stays compact and bushy, growing to 4-1/2 feet tall and 3 feet wide, with disease-resistant foliage. Zones 5-9

'Pink Promise' rose

Rosa 'Pink Promise' is an award-winning variety bearing high-centered buds that swirl open to reveal full blooms of blended pink and cream. The blooms offer a strong fruity fragrance. It grows 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 5-9

'Rio Samba' rose

Rosa 'Rio Samba' offers golden buds that unfurl into warm and sunny blooms that deepen to scarlet, like a tropical sunset. The fragrance is very slight, but this rose's color display is so magnificent, you don't miss the perfume. Large flowers are complemented by the glossy green foliage. The tall plants branch well and grow vigorously to 4-6 feet tall. Zones 6-9

'Secret' rose

Rosa 'Secret' is intensely fragrant. Grow this rose where you can regularly catch a whiff of its perfume. It is great for containers or near an entryway. It blooms into fall. Zones 5-9

'Tiffany' rose

Rosa 'Tiffany' is an award-winning rose that offers fragrant, cerise pink petals suffused with yellow. The long, pointed buds open into fully double flowers on long stems that are excellent for cutting. Plants grow 4 feet tall. Zones 6-9

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