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The acrobats of the rose world, climbing varieties develop long canes well adapted to training on pillars, fences, arbors, and gazebos. Most climbing roses are mutations or variations of bush-type varieties. They develop either large, single flowers or clustered blooms on a stem. Climbers may bloom once a season or continually, depending on the variety. Climbers can be treated to bloom more heavily by leading their canes in a horizontal direction. Loose anchoring to a support will encourage young plants to climb.
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From 3 to 20 feet
Up to 6 feet, depending on variety
Garden Plans for Climbing Rose
Blooms of climbing roses generally depend on the variety. Most commonly, climbers tend to have one very heavy bloom in spring, and then sporadic blooms throughout the rest of the growing season.
Regular deadheading of the flowers can help to encourage continuous blooms on your climbing roses. If you decide to prune your plants in winter before the initial bloom, you can increase the amount of blooms you get later on.
Climbing Rose Care Must-Knows
If you picture the quintessential cottage garden, most likely a climbing rose is working its way over an arbor gate or up a quaint brick facade. While climbing roses may seem a little daunting, these graceful flowers are easy to grow, creating a dream cottage feel.
Climbing roses generally are mutations or variations of bush or hybrid tea varieties of roses. These varieties produce extra-long canes that continue to grow, allowing them to be easily manipulated into growing up or around a surface. Because these roses don't have tendrils or any other way to adhere to a surface, they do need a little coaxing to get the whole process started.
Training Your Climbing Roses: Once the roses begin to grow, make sure to start the training process right away. If you wait too long for them to get a good head start, the stems can become woody and trickier to work with.
Keeping up with the plants in the beginning can make all the difference in the end. If you are looking to train your roses up a wall or a solid surface, it's best to have a trellis or some sort of support system a few inches away from the wall. This will allow some space behind the plants to promote good airflow.
Pruning: After your climbing rose becomes established, you can begin to prune plants on a regular basis. Typically, you need to prune your climbing rose only once a year, after the first main flush of blooms. This is a good time to address any diseased or damaged canes, as well as make some pruning cuts to help improve airflow or direct future growth.
As with any rose, disease prevention is key to healthy, happy plants. Make sure to clean up any old leaf debris from previous years' growth in the spring. Airflow and sunlight is key in fungus prevention. The main downfalls of roses are various fungal pathogens.
Roses are also susceptible to a slew of other pests, particularly aphids and Japanese beetles. Luckily these garden pests are easy to treat with an insecticidal soap (or pick them off and throw them in a bucket of soapy water). You can also give them a hearty blast of water to knock them off plants.