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Trillium

Trillium

Trilliums are the royalty of woodland gardens. In spring, encountering a large, established patch in the wild is something to remember. Gardeners in temperate climates worldwide cherish trilliums, so unfortunately tens of millions have been dug from the wild. Luckily, dedicated enthusiasts have rescued millions, too. Buy from reputable dealers who specify that their plants are propagated from cultivated stock. Plant them 4 inches deep in deep, humus-rich soil that does not dry out, and apply a mulch of rotted leaves annually.

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Light:

Part Sun, Shade

Type:

Height:

Under 6 inches to 3 feet

Width:

4-12 inches wide, depending on variety

Flower Color:

Foliage Color:

Seasonal Features:

Problem Solvers:

Special Features:

Zones:

4-9

how to grow Trillium

more varieties for Trillium

Double trillium
Double trillium
Trillium grandiflorum 'Flore Pleno' has 3-inch-wide double white flowers that fade to pink. It grows 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide. Zones 4-7
Great white trillium
Great white trillium
Trillium grandiflorum has 2- to 3-inch-wide flowers that fade to pink. Each is composed of three wavy-edged petals above dark green foliage. Great white trillium may reach almost 2 feet tall and is hardy in Zones 4-7.
Painted trillium
Painted trillium
Trillium undulatum shows off white flowers that are often decorated with a red eye. It grows 15 inches tall and wide. Zones 4-7
Propeller trillium
Propeller trillium
Trillium stamineum is a unique species that bears burgundy-red flowers with narrow petals over silver-mottled foliage. It grows 15 inches tall and wide. Zones 4-7
Trillium discolor
Trillium discolor
Trillium discolor bears small creamy-yellow flowers with narrow petals over silver-splashed foliage. It grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 4-7
Underwood's trillium
Underwood's trillium
Trillium underwoodii is a spectacular selection with silvery leaves speckled in green and rich, dark red flowers in early spring. It grows 8 inches tall and wide. Zones 5-9
Wood lily
Wood lily
Trillium flexipes is a graceful species that has white, 2 1/2-inch-wide flowers in early spring and large dark green leaves. It grows 2 feet tall and wide. Zones 4-7
Yellow trillium
Yellow trillium
Trillium luteum offers yellow flowers and silver-mottled foliage in early spring. It grows 15 inches tall and wide. Zones 4-8

plant Trillium with

Phlox
Phlox are one of those bounteous summer flowers any large sunny flowerbed or border shouldn't be without. There are several different kinds of phlox. Garden and meadow phlox produce large panicles of fragrant flowers in a wide assortment of colors. They also add height, heft, and charm to a border. Low-growing wild Sweet William, moss pinks, and creeping phlox are effective as ground covers, at the front of the border, and as rock and wild garden plants, especially in light shade. These native gems have been hybridized extensively especially to toughen the foliage against mildew problems; many recent selections are mildew-resistant. Phlox need amply moist soil for best overall health.
Barrenwort
Barrenwort is a rare plant -- one that thrives in the dry shade beneath shallow-rooted trees! It spreads at a moderate rate, forming a graceful, dense groundcover. Almost as a bonus, it also produces dainty flowers shaped like a bishop's miter -- prompting another common name, bishop's cap. Its colorful foliage dangles on slender stalks, providing yet another moniker: fairy wings.
Foamflower
Foamflower is a plant for all seasons. In spring, the charming flowers light up even places under pines in dry shade. Its evergreen lobed leaves, in a wide assortment of shapes, patterns, and markings, form healthy clumps that look good all growing season long. Use them at the front of borders as edgings or accents, or plant them close as groundcovers in lightly shaded woodland gardens. High-humus soils are excellent, but foamflower is easy to please.
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