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The common name of Jack-in-the-pulpit comes from the fascinating structure of its flower. A tiny upright flower spike looks like a tiny man standing in an old-fashioned raised pulpit. The top is hooded, partially hidden by a leaflike flower petal.
This perennial wildflower is also sometimes called bog onion, a reference to its cormlike roots that prefer moist soil, and wake robin, because it blooms in early spring. After flowering, it develops a cluster of red berries, which attract birds and wildlife, but all parts of the plant are toxic to humans.
Part Sun, Shade
1 to 3 feet
6-12 inches wide
how to grow Jack-in-the-pulpit
more varieties for Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema sikokianum develops a maroon or burgundy "pulpit" with a central white "Jack," resembling an ice cream cone with a striped hood. It is a large species, sometimes growing 30 inches tall. Zones 5-9
Arisaema triphyllum bears purple-striped flowers that are subtle yet striking in the woodland garden. Plant it in a grouping for best effect. Red berries in fall extend its season of interest. Zones 3-9
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In spring, a cloud of tiny blue flowers hovers above brunnera's mound of fuzzy heart-shape leaves. The plant prefers partial shade but can grow in full sun in cool climates provided it receives adequate moisture. Variegated forms need more shade; in full sun they're likely to scorch. It is sometimes called Siberian bugloss.
This plant hardly grown 40 years ago is now one of the most commonly grown garden plants. But hosta has earned its spot in the hearts of gardeners -- it's among the easiest plants to grow, as long as you have some shade and ample rainfall.Hostas vary from tiny plants suitable for troughs or rock gardens to massive 4-foot clumps with heart-shape leaves almost 2 feet long that can be puckered, wavy-edged, white or green variegated, blue-gray, chartreuse, emerald-edged -- the variations are virtually endless. Hostas in new sizes and touting new foliage features seem to appear each year. This tough, shade-loving perennial, also known as plaintain lily, blooms with white or purplish lavender funnel-shape or flared flowers in summer. Some are intensely fragrant. Hostas are a favorite of slug and deer.
In early spring, the brilliant blue, pink, or white flowers of lungwort bloom despite the coldest chill. The rough basal leaves, spotted or plain, always please and continue to be handsome through the season and into winter. Planted close as a weed-discouraging groundcover, or in borders as edgings or bright accent plants, lungworts are workhorses and retain their good looks. Provide high-humus soil that retains moisture. Although lungwort tolerates dry conditions, be alert for mildew.